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Understanding your credit rating – free credit score gov

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What exactly is a credit rating?

a credit history is a three digit number this is certainly produced by a number of factors on a credit report. Most lending organizations will use FICO ratings to determine credit history. (The acronym FICO arises from the brand of a credit rating calculation developed by Fair Issac & Co in1956.) Each person features three FICO results, one from each of the three national credit bureaus: Equifax, Experian, and TransUnion. Even though the scores in many cases are similar, occasionally discrepancies using one report may throw off your credit history.

Credit scores start around 300 to 850: the higher the free credit score gov, the low the observed threat. According to Experian, the typical rating is between 650 and 700. Any such thing over 700 typically indicates good credit management.

Fico scores usually play an important part when banking institutions choose whether you are approved for a loan. The ratings will even impact your rate of interest. Often the lower the credit rating, the larger the interest.

A number of important aspects, each carrying its own fat, determine a credit score. Relating to Experian these include:

Repayment record: Late repayments adversely impact your rating. Thirty-two percent of the credit rating is caused by your repayment record

Application: Twenty-three percent of the score is situated upon your credit reports. If you use big portions of total readily available balance, that’s taken to show credit danger

Balances: The amount of reported balances impacts 15 per cent of score. Current increases in balances is an indication of threat
Depth of Credit: the size of your credit history and the kinds of reports you carry accocunts for 13 % of one’s credit history. A good mix of accounts, including instalment loans and revolving records, may have an optimistic affect your rating
Present Credit: 10 percent of the credit rating relies upon how many recently exposed records and credit queries. Applying for several brand-new accounts could be an indicator of credit danger

Readily available Credit: the tiniest factor taken into consideration is available credit. Seven percent of the total rating reflects your account balances.

Find out about Understanding your credit rating with Wall Street Survivor’s Building Your Credit course: http://courses.wallstreetsurvivor.com/is/23-developing-your-credit/

7 Items to think about to get increased FICO credit score and tips on how to negotiate the creditors and credit scoring agencies.

Get a free of charge credit report here: www.AnnualCreditReport.com (maybe not sponsored) is a government mandated site that’ll not require a credit card and it is really the only approved web site 100% free credit file. If another website gives you a free of charge report, these are typically selling you one thing. .

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Cool Transunion images

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Some amazing transunion pictures:

An El train passes the Transunion Building (right), the Board of Trade (facility left) as well as the Insurance Exchange Building (left); the Loop, Chicago
< img alt="transunion"src="https://www.free-credit-report.net/wp-content/uploads/2017/03/7756726654_2b0c5c7839.jpg"width="400"/ > Image by

aidaneus Transunion MAN Irizar Century III, Palma, Spain.
< img alt="transunion"src="https://www.free-credit-report.net/wp-content/uploads/2017/03/26069958946_2079ffeb40.jpg"width="400"/ > Picture by
Vasconium March 2016.

An El train passes the Transunion Building (right), the Board of Trade (center left) and also the Insurance coverage Exchange Structure (left); the Loophole, Chicago
< img alt="transunion"src ="https://www.free-credit-report.net/wp-content/uploads/2017/03/7756721830_78edfb7700.jpg"size ="400"/ > Picture by aidaneus

London, Great Britain

Published / by webmaster

Have a look at these credit application photos:

London, Great Britain
credit application
Image by NASA Goddard Photo and Movie
Billions of individuals will see London through many different filters and lenses during the 2012 Olympic Games and Paralympic Games. Nothing of these views will appear that can compare with that one through the Suomi National Polar-orbiting Partnership satellite.

The image above shows London therefore the southern 50 % of the uk whilst showed up on the night of March 27, 2012. While most regarding the activities in the 2012 Olympics are held in greater London location, several other towns and towns will host events, including: canoeing at Lee Valley White Water Center; cruising in Weymouth and Portland; rowing and canoeing at Eton Dorney; and biking and hill bike occasions at Hadleigh Farm.

The picture had been obtained by the Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) on Suomi NPP, which include a “day-night band” comparable to photos gathered by the Operational Linescan System (OLS) flown on U.S. Defense Meterological Satellite plan (DMSP) satellites.

The day-night band observes light in a variety of wavelengths from green to near-infrared, and makes use of light intensification to allow the detection of dim signals, relating to Chris Elvidge, which leads the Earth Observation Group at NOAA’s nationwide Geophysical Data Center and deals with the VIIRS team.

“In wavelength-speak, the number for noticeable light is all about 400 (blue light) to 700 (red light) nanometers, in addition to day/night band’s sensitiveness is 500 to 900 nanometers,” said Steve Miller, a researcher when you look at the Cooperative Institute for analysis inside Atmosphere at Colorado State University. “There tend to be a lot of satellites up there with sensitivity for this exact same range, although unique benefit of the day/night musical organization is its large sensitivity to low levels of this light. It can feel light 100,000 times fainter compared to old-fashioned noticeable light sensors. That makes it very sensitive to such things as moonlight, city lights, among a number of other things.”

The evening views of world are more than just a novelty. “Nightime lights would be the minimum ambiguous remote sensing observation showing the presence and magnitude of real human tasks therefore the density of development,” said Elvidge. Seeing Earth’s evening lighting effects has practical programs in studying person populations, financial activity, habitat fragmentation and encroachment, and energy use. “We can actually check locations and inform you simply how much energy sources are coming from them,” Miller added, “something pretty useful for energy usage researches.”

Various other scientists utilize the nighttime views to select sites for astronomical observatories, learn the impact of nocturnal illumination, also to monitor energy outages and normal disasters. In meteorology, the blend of VIIRS nighttime views and thermal imaging is valuable for such things as distinguishing high clouds from low clouds from fog banking institutions.

Suomi NPP was launched from Vandenberg Air Force Base on October 28, 2011, and it is caused by a partnership between NASA, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric management, and also the Department of Defense.

Publisher’s Note: The lights within the Irish water, the English Channel, additionally the North Sea are likely a blend of fishing vessels and flares from offshore gas and oil platforms.

NASA Earth Observatory picture by Jesse Allen and Robert Simmon, making use of VIIRS Day evening Band and MODIS Blue Marble data. Caption by Michael Carlowicz.

Instrument: Suomi NPP – VIIRS


NASA visits the Olympics – View all of the towns which have hosted the current Summer Olympics, you start with Athens in 1896 thru London in 2012. There has been 29 summertime Olympic Games presented in 22 different locations. Saying host metropolitan areas consist of Athens, Paris, London and l . a ..

Credit: NASA World Observatory

NASA image use plan.

NASA Goddard Space Flight Center makes it possible for NASA’s goal through four clinical endeavors: Earth Science, Heliophysics, Solar program Exploration, and Astrophysics. Goddard plays a leading part in NASA’s accomplishments by contributing persuasive medical understanding to advance the Agency’s goal.

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Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center: Photomontage of SR-71 regarding the slot side
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Image by Chris Devers
Posted via e-mail to ☛ HoloChromaCinePhotoRamaScope‽: cdevers.posterous.com/panoramas-of-the-sr-71-blackbird-at…. See the complete gallery on Posterous …

• • • • •

See more photos of this, additionally the Wikipedia article.

Details, quoting from Smithsonian nationwide Air and area Museum | Lockheed SR-71 Blackbird:

No reconnaissance aircraft ever features run globally much more hostile airspace or with these types of complete impunity compared to the SR-71, the planet’s fastest jet-propelled aircraft. The Blackbird’s performance and functional accomplishments put it within peak of aviation technology developments through the cool War.

This Blackbird accrued about 2,800 hours of trip time during 24 many years of energetic service using U.S. Air energy. On its last journey, March 6, 1990, Lt. Col. Ed Yielding and Lt. Col. Joseph Vida put a speed record by traveling from l . a . to Washington, D.C., in 1 hour, 4 moments, and 20 seconds, averaging 3,418 kilometers (2,124 miles) per hour. During the flight’s summary, they arrived at Washington-Dulles International Airport and turned the aircraft over to the Smithsonian.

Moved through the United States Air Force.

Lockheed Aircraft Corporation

Fashion Designer:
Clarence L. "Kelly" Johnson


Nation of Origin:
United States of America

Total: 18ft 5 15/16in. x 55ft 7in. x 107ft 5in., 169998.5lb. (5.638m x 16.942m x 32.741m, 77110.8kg)
Other: 18ft 5 15/16in. x 107ft 5in. x 55ft 7in. (5.638m x 32.741m x 16.942m)


Actual Description:
Twin-engine, two-seat, supersonic strategic reconnaissance aircraft; airframe built largley of titanium and its alloys; vertical tail fins are made of a composite (laminated plastic-type material) to reduce radar cross-section; Pratt and Whitney J58 (JT11D-20B) turbojet machines function big inlet shock cones.

Longer Explanation:
No reconnaissance plane ever sold has managed in more hostile airspace or with such complete impunity versus SR-71 Blackbird. It’s the quickest aircraft propelled by air-breathing motors. The Blackbird’s performance and working accomplishments placed it during the pinnacle of aviation technology developments throughout the cool War. The plane was conceived whenever tensions with communist Eastern European countries reached levels approaching a full-blown crisis inside mid-1950s. U.S. military commanders desperately needed precise tests of Soviet globally military deployments, specially close to the iron-curtain. Lockheed Aircraft Corporation’s subsonic U-2 (see NASM collection) reconnaissance plane ended up being an able platform nevertheless the U. S. Air Force recognized that this reasonably sluggish aircraft had been at risk of Soviet interceptors. They also comprehended your fast development of surface-to-air missile methods could put U-2 pilots at grave risk. The risk proved reality when a U-2 was shot down by a surface to atmosphere missile on the Soviet Union in 1960.

Lockheed’s first proposal for a fresh high-speed, thin air, reconnaissance plane, to be effective at preventing interceptors and missiles, based on a design propelled by liquid hydrogen. This became impracticable because of substantial gasoline consumption. Lockheed after that reconfigured the look for old-fashioned fuels. It was possible in addition to Central Intelligence department (CIA), currently flying the Lockheed U-2, released a production contract for an aircraft designated the A-12. Lockheed’s clandestine ‘Skunk Functions’ division (headed by the gifted design professional Clarence L. "Kelly" Johnson) designed the A-12 to cruise at Mach 3.2 and travel well above 18,288 m (60,000 legs). To generally meet these difficult demands, Lockheed engineers overcame numerous overwhelming technical challenges. Flying more than 3 times the speed of sound produces 316° C (600° F) temperatures on additional plane surfaces, which are enough to melt standard aluminum airframes. The look group thought we would result in the jet’s external skin of titanium alloy to which shielded the internal aluminum airframe. Two old-fashioned, but extremely effective, afterburning turbine machines propelled this remarkable aircraft. These power flowers must run across a massive speed envelope in-flight, from a takeoff rate of 334 kph (207 miles per hour) to above 3,540 kph (2,200 miles per hour). To prevent supersonic surprise waves from moving inside engine consumption causing flameouts, Johnson’s group had to design a complex air-intake and bypass system when it comes to machines.

Skunk Works engineers also optimized the A-12 cross-section design to exhibit a low radar profile. Lockheed hoped to do this by carefully shaping the airframe to mirror very little transmitted radar energy (radio waves) that you can, by application of special paint made to take in, instead of mirror, those waves. This therapy became among the first applications of stealth technology, nonetheless it never ever entirely came across the design targets.

Test pilot Lou Schalk flew the single-seat A-12 on April 24, 1962, after he became airborne accidentally during high-speed taxi tests. The airplane revealed great vow but it needed substantial technical sophistication prior to the CIA could travel 1st functional sortie on 31, 1967 – a surveillance journey over North Vietnam. A-12s, flown by CIA pilots, operated included in the Air power’s 1129th Special Activities Squadron beneath the "Oxcart" system. While Lockheed continued to improve the A-12, the U. S. Air Force purchased an interceptor type of the aircraft designated the YF-12A. The Skunk Works, however, proposed a "specific mission" version configured to conduct post-nuclear strike reconnaissance. This system developed into the USAF’s familiar SR-71.

Lockheed built fifteen A-12s, including a unique two-seat trainer variation. Two A-12s were customized to hold an unique reconnaissance drone, designated D-21. The customized A-12s were redesignated M-21s. We were holding designed to remove utilizing the D-21 drone, running on a Marquart ramjet engine mounted on a pylon amongst the rudders. The M-21 then hauled the drone aloft and established it at rates high enough to ignite the drone’s ramjet engine. Lockheed additionally built three YF-12As but this kind never ever went into production. Two for the YF-12As damaged during screening. Only one survives and it is on screen on USAF Museum in Dayton, Ohio. The aft part of the "written off" YF-12As which was later on made use of alongside an SR-71A fixed test airframe to manufacture the only real SR-71C trainer. One SR-71 was lent to NASA and designated YF-12C. Including the SR-71C as well as 2 SR-71B pilot trainers, Lockheed constructed thirty-two Blackbirds. 1st SR-71 flew on December 22, 1964. Due to severe functional costs, army strategists decided that even more capable USAF SR-71s should replace the CIA’s A-12s. We were holding resigned in 1968 after just one 12 months of working missions, mostly over southeast Asia. The Air energy’s 1st Strategic Reconnaissance Squadron (area of the 9th Strategic Reconnaissance Wing) annexed the missions, flying the SR-71 from the springtime of 1968.

Following the Air energy started initially to run the SR-71, it obtained the official title Blackbird– for the special black paint that covered the plane. This paint was formulated to absorb radar signals, to radiate a few of the great airframe heat produced by atmosphere rubbing, and camouflage the aircraft against the dark sky at large altitudes.

Experience gained from the A-12 program convinced the Air Force that flying the SR-71 properly required two team members, a pilot and a Reconnaissance Systems Officer (RSO). The RSO operated aided by the wide array of monitoring and protective methods installed from the airplane. This gear included a classy Electronic Counter Measures (ECM) system that may jam most acquisition and focusing on radar. Along with numerous advanced level, high-resolution digital cameras, the plane may possibly also carry equipment designed to record the power, frequency, and wavelength of indicators emitted by communications and sensor devices such radar. The SR-71 was designed to fly deeply into hostile area, preventing interception having its great speed and thin air. It could run safely at a maximum speed of Mach 3.3 at an altitude more than sixteen kilometers, or 25,908 m (85,000 ft), over the planet. The team must use pressure suits similar to those worn by astronauts. These matches were expected to protect the crew in case of abrupt cabin stress loss while at operating altitudes.

To climb up and cruise at supersonic speeds, the Blackbird’s Pratt & Whitney J-58 machines were designed to function continually in afterburner. Although this seems to determine large gas flows, the Blackbird really obtained its best "gas mileage," when it comes to air nautical kilometers per lb of gas burned, throughout the Mach 3+ cruise. A normal Blackbird reconnaissance journey could wish for a few aerial refueling businesses from an airborne tanker. Everytime the SR-71 refueled, the team needed to descend on tanker’s height, usually about 6,000 m to 9,000 m (20,000 to 30,000 ft), and slow the plane to subsonic speeds. As velocity reduced, therefore performed frictional temperature. This air conditioning impact caused the plane’s epidermis panels to shrink dramatically, and people since the fuel tanks contracted such that fuel leaked, developing a unique vapor trail as tanker topped off the Blackbird. When the tanks had been filled, the jet’s team disconnected through the tanker, relit the afterburners, and once more climbed to thin air.

Air power pilots flew the SR-71 from Kadena AB, Japan, throughout its functional profession but various other basics hosted Blackbird functions, also. The 9th SRW sometimes deployed from Beale AFB, California, to other areas to carryout functional missions. Cuban missions were flown directly from Beale. The SR-71 failed to start to operate in European countries until 1974, then just briefly. In 1982, if the U.S. Air energy based two plane at Royal Air power Base Mildenhall to fly monitoring objective in Eastern European countries.

As soon as the SR-71 became functional, orbiting reconnaissance satellites had currently replaced manned aircraft to collect intelligence from websites deep within Soviet territory. Satellites could not cover every geopolitical hotspot so the Blackbird stayed an essential tool for international intelligence gathering. On numerous occasions, pilots and RSOs flying the SR-71 supplied information that proved important in formulating effective U. S. international plan. Blackbird teams supplied crucial cleverness in regards to the 1973 Yom Kippur War, the Israeli invasion of Lebanon and its particular aftermath, and pre- and post-strike imagery associated with the 1986 raid conducted by US environment forces on Libya. In 1987, Kadena-based SR-71 crews travelled numerous missions over the Persian Gulf, exposing Iranian Silkworm missile battery packs that threatened commercial shipping and United states escort vessels.

Due to the fact overall performance of space-based surveillance systems expanded, along with the effectiveness of ground-based environment defense systems, the atmosphere power started initially to lose passion the high priced system and the 9th SRW ceased SR-71 functions in January 1990. Despite protests by army frontrunners, Congress revived this system in 1995. Continued wrangling over running spending plans, however, soon led to final cancellation. The nationwide Aeronautics and area management retained two SR-71As as well as the one SR-71B for high-speed studies and flew these airplanes until 1999.

On March 6, 1990, the service job of 1 Lockheed SR-71A Blackbird finished with a record-setting journey. This special airplane bore Air energy serial quantity 64-17972. Lt. Col. Ed Yeilding along with his RSO, Lieutenant Colonel Joseph Vida, travelled this plane from l . a . to Washington D.C. in 60 minutes, 4 minutes, and 20 seconds, averaging a speed of 3,418 kph (2,124 mph). At the conclusion associated with the flight, ‘972 arrived at Dulles International Airport and taxied to the custody of Smithsonian’s nationwide Air and Space Museum. At that moment, Lt. Col. Vida had logged 1,392.7 hours of trip amount of time in Blackbirds, a lot more than that of just about any crewman.

This kind of SR-71 has also been flown by Tom Alison, an old National Air and Space Museum’s Chief of Collections control. Flying with Detachment 1 at Kadena Air energy Base, Okinawa, Alison signed a lot more than twelve ‘972 functional sorties. The aircraft invested twenty-four years in energetic Air power solution and accrued a complete of 2,801.1 hours of journey time.

Wingspan: 55’7"
Length: 107’5"
Level: 18’6"
Body Weight: 170,000 Pounds

Research and additional Reading:

Crickmore, Paul F. Lockheed SR-71: The Key Missions Exposed. Oxford: Osprey Publishing, 1996.

Francillon, Rene J. Lockheed Aircraft Since 1913. Annapolis, Md.: Naval Institute Press, 1987.

Johnson, Clarence L. Kelly: Significantly More Than My Share from it All. Washington D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1985.

Miller, Jay. Lockheed Martin’s Skunk Functions. Leicester, U.K.: Midland Counties Publishing Ltd., 1995.

Lockheed SR-71 Blackbird curatorial file, Aeronautics Division, National Air and area Museum.

father, 11-11-01

London, Great Britain [Detail]
credit application
Image by NASA Goddard Picture and Video
Billions of individuals will see London through different filters and lenses during 2012 Olympic Games and Paralympic Games. Not one of those views will appear that can compare with this one through the Suomi nationwide Polar-orbiting Partnership satellite.

The image above shows London and the south 50 % of Great Britain as it appeared regarding nights March 27, 2012. Some associated with activities in the 2012 Olympics will soon be held in greater London location, some other metropolitan areas and cities will host activities, including: canoeing at Lee Valley White Water Center; sailing in Weymouth and Portland; rowing and canoeing at Eton Dorney; and cycling and mountain cycle occasions at Hadleigh Farm.

The image ended up being obtained because of the Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) on Suomi NPP, which includes a “day-night band” similar to pictures gathered because of the Operational Linescan program (OLS) flown on U.S. Defense Meterological Satellite plan (DMSP) satellites.

The day-night musical organization observes light in a variety of wavelengths from green to near-infrared, and uses light intensification allow the detection of dim indicators, relating to Chris Elvidge, which leads the planet earth Observation Group at NOAA’s nationwide Geophysical Data Center and deals with the VIIRS team.

“In wavelength-speak, the range for visible light is mostly about 400 (blue light) to 700 (red-light) nanometers, and the day/night band’s sensitiveness is 500 to 900 nanometers,” said Steve Miller, a researcher in the Cooperative Institute for Research within the environment at Colorado State University. “There tend to be some satellites up there with susceptibility for this exact same range, however the unique thing about the day/night band is its high sensitivity to low quantities of this light. It can sense light 100,000 times fainter as compared to conventional visible light sensors. That makes it extremely sensitive to such things as moonlight, city lights, among a number of other things.”

The evening views of Earth tend to be more than just a novelty. “Nightime lights will be the least ambiguous remote sensing observance showing the presence and magnitude of real human tasks plus the thickness of development,” said Elvidge. Seeing Earth’s evening lighting effects has actually useful applications in studying individual communities, financial task, habitat fragmentation and encroachment, and power use. “We can in fact evaluate urban centers and inform you exactly how much energy sources are coming from them,” Miller added, “something pretty helpful for energy consumption scientific studies.”

Other scientists utilize the nighttime views to choose internet sites for astronomical observatories, learn the effect of nocturnal lighting effects, also to monitor power outages and normal disasters. In meteorology, the combination of VIIRS nighttime views and thermal imaging is important for things such as distinguishing large clouds from reasonable clouds from fog banking institutions.

Suomi NPP was released from Vandenberg Air power Base on October 28, 2011, and it is the consequence of a cooperation between NASA, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric management, and also the Department of Defense.

NASA world Observatory picture by Jesse Allen and Robert Simmon, using VIIRS Day evening Band and MODIS Blue Marble information. Caption by Michael Carlowicz.

Instrument: Suomi NPP – VIIRS


NASA visits the Olympics – see all of the towns which have hosted the modern Summer Olympics, you start with Athens in 1896 thru London in 2012. There have been 29 Summer Olympic Games held in 22 various locations. Repeating host places consist of Athens, Paris, London and l . a ..

Credit: NASA World Observatory

NASA image use policy.

NASA Goddard Space Flight Center makes it possible for NASA’s goal through four medical endeavors: Earth Science, Heliophysics, Solar program Exploration, and Astrophysics. Goddard plays a leading part in NASA’s achievements by contributing compelling medical understanding to advance the Agency’s objective.

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free credit report gov

Published / by webmaster / 3 Comments on free credit report gov

free credit report gov

FreeScoreGov is the right place to know your creditworthiness. Your credit score is the most important document that will enable your lenders to agree to give you credit. To know your creditworthiness, we present here 4 great offers for you to select from. This is the place where you can view your credit scores from all the three major credit bureaus, namely, TransUnion, Equifax and Experian.

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on free credit report gov

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Stay Alert To Prevent Identity Thieves From Stealing Your Money Or Identity

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Stay Alert to Prevent Identity Thieves from Stealing Your Money or Identity

Thieves make money using identity information of other people. They’re out there finding ways to steal whatever ID information they can get from you. Elderly are often easy prey for them. Your best defense is to be aware of when your identity information is vulnerable to be stolen.

*What is the identity information that thieves can use:

Typical identity information that thieves can turn into money or benefits for themselves include Social Security numbers, credit and debit card numbers, password codes to ATMs and online accounts, your address, telephone number, and aspects about your life – i.e. parents’ full names and more.

*Uses of stolen identity information:

Thieves use the identity information of a person to access his money for their own use or take on the identity of someone. In the former case thieves actually gain access to a person’s bank accounts holding – such as through his ATM card info – or can make credit card purchases online, or receive your social security benefits. In the latter case, thieves create and access benefits that a person’s identity – and his identity information – gives him. This allows the thief to apply for a new social security card, credit cards, get hired as you and incur income taxes in your name…just to name a few.

*How thieves get your identity information:

Thieves acquire identity information from you by a variety of procedures and ploys. They’re there wherever you place, through away, transfer, or simply give your identity-related information. So, they gain your information by stealing your wallet (for more than the money in it), raiding your rubbish cans or forwarding your mail to themselves, making phony telephone calls to you, skimming your cards at phony ATMs – or just looking over your shoulder collecting information while you’re supplying information to your online social networking site, creating online phishing ploys where you’re enticed – often from deceptive emails to you – to give some of your information to phony websites.

*Make use of these tips to avoid giving away your information to identity thieves:

Carry only the credit cards you need in your wallet. And, be sure to photocopy your cards with a record of the customer service phone numbers associated with your financial accounts so you can cancel stolen cards fast. Don’t carry your Social Security number in your wallet or purse. It gives anyone access to some of your personal information. Keep it in a protected place.

Never give any personal information about you or your Social Security number to anyone unless you’ve verified that they are trustworthy. This advice applies to sharing information over the phone, in a store or online. Always be suspicious of any solicitors that approach you – by email, online, at your door or by telephone.

Tear up any mail that contains personal information before your throw it into the rubbish can. Examples are pre-approved credit offers, bank statements or utility bills.

Today, everyone surfs the internet. But thieves use the internet too to steal ID information. They often collect information from unsuspecting “pop-ups”, surf unsecured networks, or hack into retail Web sites. So use a secured network and update your firewall protections on your computer. Severely limit personal information you post on networking web sites.

Check your bank, credit card and other financial account information, along with your credit score, once a year to reduce the risk of unauthorized charges or credit applications. Check your monthly statement carefully. If you see a suspicious charge, immediately contact your financial institution.

If you ever notice unauthorized purchases on your credit card or a new account opened in your name immediately contact one of the three major credit bureaus – Equifax, Experian or TransUnion – and ask that a “fraud alert” be placed on your record. They’re very good at tracking down fraudulent charges.

Shane Flait gives you workable strategies to accomplish your goals in financial, legal, tax, retirement and protection issues. .
Get his FREE report on Managing Your Retirement =>
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University students: How-to Protect Your Self from Identification Thieves

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It should actually be not surprising that since 2005, more than a third associated with victims of identification theft in the usa are university students. Which is because pupils hardly ever just take safety measures to safeguard on their own agains identity theft, because a lot of people have prospective access to their private information, and since they’re the recipients of a huge amount of bank card also commercial junk messages.

Todd Davis, the CEO of LifeLock, the nation’s very first identity theft prevention service for consumers, offered united states these guidelines for moms and dads and college-bound pupils to simply help protect all of them from becoming sufferers of identification thieves.

1. Before going off to campus, students should purchase a shredder and use it to destroy anything they might throw away that contains information that is personal about tem; report cards, educational funding kinds, housing information, course schedules, an such like. A guideline for students: if you aren’t going to ensure that it it is in a protected file, shred it!

2. Residence hallway rooms and pupil flats often have lots of people inside, including some relative strangers. That is why it’s a good idea to password protect computer system files and secure papers such as your own personal information. Keep in mind, it will require just one untrustworthy person to steal your identification and result in many years of trouble.

3. Moms and dads, have your son or daughter purchase a totally free credit history, and look it for problems. You will get one free report a year, and solve any issues you identify.

4. Within the latest 36 months, significantly more than 200 universities, universities, college districts and pupil financing organizations have lost information that is personal on nearly 9 million students, faculty, and staff. Despite increases in institutional protection, personal safety numbers also critical identifiers are lost or taken at a stable pace. Therefore, it’s a good idea to do something to ensure that you have protected your identification in the event your data becomes in danger of identification thieves.

5. Opt out of all junk mail, at the earliest opportunity. Identification thieves can take credit card offers from your own mailbox or garbage (in the event that you fail to shred), complete the programs together with your title and their particular address, and charge 1000s of dollars of goods and services for your requirements. It occurs everyday.

6. You’ll contact the most important credit reporting services to begin fraud notifications therefore you will, at the least the theory is that, be called before anybody can open up a new account in your name. You need to renew these alerts every 90 days, or you can employ a credit protection solution to deal with it available. Some such agencies will in truth make up you if any person effectively steals your identity. One agency offers a guarantee as much as $ 1 million.

Taking some some time exercising some care to avoid identification theft is definitely worth the effort. Shield your self when you’re cautious, aware, and alert.

Daniel Z. Kane is an institution dean whom suggests pupils on online university degree programs and online level programs.

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Cool Mortgage images

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Take a look at these home mortgage photos:

Home loan
< img alt="home loan"src="https://www.free-credit-report.net/wp-content/uploads/2017/03/32214605033_3b89ab83e1.jpg"size="400"/ > Image by
FootMassagez Home mortgage

home mortgage
< img alt="home mortgage"src ="https://www.free-credit-report.net/wp-content/uploads/2017/03/5537614041_0f1a6742a5.jpg"size ="400"/ > Picture by Sean MacEntee home loan

Things to consider While Choosing Car Finance Leads

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Since everyone knows that the economic crisis is not able to dampen spirit associated with the purchasers, the dealers are carrying increasingly more options for the auto finance leads. For woe of car finance desiring folks, organizations working in the automobile finance leads industry supply leads in various names like auto sales leads, unique finance auto leads, subprime prospects, etc. It continues to be uncertain for purchaser to decide on that provide of car finance till the conclusion.

Why don’t we simply take a quick glance at some facets which can only rate your approval procedure of the car finance leads.

– Auto Finance Terms: This is basically the the very first thing which crops up while selecting any automobile finance leads provide. Although discussed when you look at the months as well as generally speaking accessible for the 36/60 months period of time, enough time for repayment of car loan are often established for 72 months occasionally. Though, the repayment interesting continue rising using lengthier term for auto loan.

– credit scoring: it will be the indication of man or woman’s buying capability. Primarily, credit history and record tend to be combined with automobile financing terms solvency for calculating purchaser’s capability when it comes to loan endorsement.

– money Payments: its payment made against any newly bought vehicle. This generally reduces finance amount through business of this auto loan. If you are paying more cash repayment, you’ll have reduced burden regarding the finance and interest rate for loan duration.

Now let us just take a fast examine a few of the general advantages of special finance leads.

– automobile dealers battle difficult for satisfying the monthly product sales aim. Nevertheless, special finance prospects may offer all of them accessibility of the finest subprime leads that want to choose the vehicle but cannot achieve this as a result of not enough finance through the loan providers. All of the prospects serve best in rewarding the advertising and marketing objectives. Making use of special finance leads, the dealers may anticipate enhancing the sales and makes that pass monthly target in a shorter time period.

– Unique finance leads consistently live hopes for automobile customers that seek unique finance for purchasing the dream car. From the time deprived credit administration can impact fico scores, more customers are coming underneath subprime category. This has progressively become hard to purchasers to get approval on financial loans without sufficient credit. However, the established unique prospects allow dealers to make contact with more of the customers.

– Reaching out towards special automobile prospects is extremely tough. Numerous marketing methods are there any which may be utilized to touch within the unique leads. Nevertheless, prescreening associated with the unique finance leads is necessary before applying for any regarding the advertising and marketing strategies. With an increase of thoroughly confirmed list, you’ll convince people in better method. Whenever complete contact details can be found, it becomes an easy task to contact leads through phone or e-mail.

– The unique car leads are experiencing greater risk of the sales conversion because other dealers scarcely have admission of those. Therefore, you should verify service records of leading service providers as well as acquisition exclusive prospects that are mostly generated on foundation associated with zip signal for your business or close places.

At 50 State car finance, we compel ourselves to people in assisting all of them with uninterrupted auto finance leads procedures with all the dealers nationwide. The 50 State car loan is main supply of special finance prospects.

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Satellite Sees Earthquake Area in Southwestern Mexico

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Satellite Sees Earthquake Area in Southwestern Mexico
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Image by NASA Goddard Picture and Video
Caption: This visible picture from NOAA’s GOES-13 satellite was grabbed at 1815 UTC (2:15 p.m. EST), just 13 minutes following the 7.6 magnitude quake focused in southwestern Mexico’s Oaxaca condition. The picture, developed at NASA, reveals a virtually cloud-free sky over that region.

Credit: NASA/NOAA GOES Project

Soon after an important earthquake took place southwestern Mexico on March 20,2012, NASA produced a satellite view associated with area from NOAA’s GOES-13 satellite showing practically cloud-free heavens overhead.

The U.S. Geological research (USGS) reported a 7.6 magnitude quake happened these days, March 20, 2012 in Oaxaca, Mexico. Oaxaca is regarded as 31 Mexican says. It really is based in southwestern Mexico and bordered by the Pacific Ocean.

A visible image of southwestern Mexico ended up being acquired from NOAA’s GOES-13 satellite at 1815 UTC (2:15 p.m. EST), just 13 mins following the 7.6 magnitude earthquake centered in southwestern Mexico’s Oaxaca state. The picture shows a virtually cloud-free sky over that area. The image was created by the NASA GOES venture, found at NASA’s Goddard area Flight Center, Greenbelt, Md.

Based on the USGS webpage, the quake occurred on Tuesday, March 20, 2012 at 18:02:48 UTC (2:02 p.m. EST/11:02 a.m. PST). It was focused near 16.662° North latitude and 98.188° West longitude. The USGS report indicated that the quake took place about 17.5 kilometer (10.9 kilometers) underground.

The epicenter of the quake was in the Oaxaca area of Mexico. The epicenter was found 25 km (15 miles) east of Ometepec, Guerrero; 42 kilometer (26 miles) north-northwest of Pinotepa Nacional, Oaxaca; and 186 km (115 kilometers) east of Acapulco, Guerrero, Mexico.

For revisions from the quake from USGS, go to:


Rob Gutro
NASA’s Goddard Area Flight Center

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NASA Goddard Space Flight Center allows NASA’s goal through four scientific endeavors: world Science, Heliophysics, Solar program Exploration, and Astrophysics. Goddard plays a respected role in NASA’s accomplishments by adding powerful systematic understanding to advance the Agency’s goal.

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Woods cocooned in spiders webs after floods in Sindh, Pakistan
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Image by DFID – UK Department for Overseas developing
Surprise side-effect associated with floods in parts of Pakistan happens to be that millions of spiders climbed up to the woods to escape the increasing flooding seas.

Because of the scale of floods and the undeniable fact that the water has had such a long time to recede, numerous woods are becoming cocooned in spiders webs. Individuals inside part of Sindh haven’t seen this phenonemon before – nonetheless they in addition report there are today less mosquitos than they would anticipate, given the amount of stagnant, standing water which around.

It really is believed that the mosquitos are receiving caught in the webs, which would be one true blessing for anyone of Sindh, dealing with many various other hardships following the floods.

British aid – as a result towards the Pakistan floods – is assisting countless survivors come back house and rebuild their resides.

Learn more about the united kingdom federal government’s a reaction to the Pakistan floods at www.dfid.gov.uk/pakistan-floods-six-months

Picture: Russell Watkins/Department for International Developing

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This picture is published under a Creative Commons – Attribution Licence, prior to the Open Government Licence. You will be able to embed, download or perhaps re-use it, as long as you credit the foundation as ‘division for Overseas Development’.

“Old Fashioned British Sweets From Your Childhood”

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“Old Fashioned British Sweets From Your Childhood”
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1953: Sweet rationing ends in Britain

Children all over Britain have been emptying out their piggy-banks and heading straight for the nearest sweet-shop as the first unrationed sweets went on sale today. Toffee apples were the biggest sellers, with sticks of nougat and liquorice strips also disappearing fast.

One firm in Clapham Common gave 800 children 150lbs of lollipops during their midday break from school, and a London factory opened its doors to hand out free sweets to all comers.

Adults joined in the sugar frenzy, with men in the City queuing up in their lunch breaks to buy boiled sweets and to enjoy the luxury of being able to buy 2lb boxes of chocolates to take home for the weekend.

Do you remember your favourite childhood sweets and the excitement of going to the local sweet shop and choosing from the vast array of jars on the shelves full of colourful mouth watering temptations?

They were weighed by the quarter on a big old fashioned metal scale pan and packaged into small white paper bags.

For many of us, the Saturday ritual of sweets-buying has lingered into adulthood, and it is heartening to find so many places selling from jars. Indeed, the Bonds sweets factory in Carlisle – a major supplier – is planning to redesign its plastic jars to be squatter and wider than usual: an echo of the prewar shape. Multicoloured jars lined up on shelves are very alluring, for many of us a potent reminder of a time when the local sweet shop represented a kind of El Dorado.

If you thought it was just kids who ate sugar confectionery you’d be wide of the mark. Many of the lines might have been developed for children but prove a hit with adults, too. Even the tough guys (and gals) in the British armed forces love their sweets according to NAAFI figures, servicemen and women in Afghanistan last year munched their way through 923,583 bags of Haribo.

Here in the UK, sweetie buying habits change as we hopefully head towards warmer weather, with more people opting for fruity sweets rather than chocolate bars.



Dimpled, square boiled sweets in fruit-flavoured and Old English varieties. Spangles was a brand of boiled sweets, manufactured by Mars Ltd in the United Kingdom from 1950 to the early eighties. They were bought in a paper tube with individual sweets cellophane wrapped. They were distinguished by their shape which was a rounded square with a circular depression on each face.

The regular Spangles tube (labelled simply "Spangles") contained a variety of translucent, fruit flavoured sweets: strawberry, blackcurrant, orange, pineapple, lemon and lime.

Originally the sweets were not individually wrapped, but later a waxed paper, and eventually a cellophane wrapper was used. The tube was a bright orange-red colour, bearing the word "Spangles" in a large letters. In the seventies a distinctive, seventies-style font was used.

Over the production period many different, single flavour varieties were introduced including Acid Drop, Barley Sugar, Blackcurrant, Liquorice, Peppermint, Spearmint and Tangerine.

The Old English Spangles tube contained traditional English flavours such as liquorice, mint humbugs, cough candy, butterscotch and pear drops. One of the flavours was an opaque mustard yellow colour, and one was striped.

The sweets’ individual wrappers were striped, distinguishing them from regular Spangles. The tube was black, white and purple, and designed for a more mature and specific clientele than the regular variety.

Spangles were discontinued in the early eighties, and briefly reintroduced in 1994, including in Woolworths outlets in the UK. There are many nostalgic references to them from children who grew up with them. Spangles are associated with the 1970s and they, like Space Hoppers or the Raleigh Chopper, have become shorthand for lazy nostalgia for the time, as in the phrase "Do you remember Spangles?"

Today the Tunes brand is the only remaining relation of the Spangles brand, sharing the shape and wrapping of the original product. In the UK, Tunes no longer have the Spangles style packaging, and they are now lozenge-shaped.

Cabana bar

Very sweet coconut-centred chocolate bar with cherry twist made by Cadbury’s.

Pineapple Mars

This early tropical-flavoured prototype was not a lasting success

Fry’s Five Centres

Follow-up to famous Fry’s Five Boys. Fry’s Cream is a chocolate bar made by Cadbury’s, and formerly by J. S. Fry & Sons. It consists of a fondant centre enrobed in dark chocolate and is available in a plain version, and also peppermint or orange fondant. Fry’s Chocolate Cream was one of the first chocolate bars ever produced, launched in 1866.

There are currently three variants of Fry’s Cream:

Fry’s Chocolate Cream
Fry’s Orange Cream
Fry’s Peppermint Cream

Over the years, other variants existed:

Fry’s Five Centre (orange, raspberry, lime, strawberry, and pineapple), produced from 1934 to 1992.

Fry’s Strawberry Cream
Fry’s Pineapple Cream

Cadbury’s also produced a solid milk chocolate bar called Five Boys using the Fry’s trademark in the 1960s. Cadbury’s produced milk and plain chocolate sandwich bars under the Fry’s branding also.

Fry’s chocolate bar was promoted by model George Lazenby, later James Bond actor, in 1962.

The Fry’s Chocolate bar was first produced in Union Street, Bristol, England in 1866, where the family name had been associated with chocolate making since circa 1759. In 1923 Fry’s (now Cadbury) chocolate Factory moved to Keynsham, England, but due to the imminent closure of the factory the production of the bar will move, possibly to Poland.

Banjo bar

Banjo is a chocolate bar once available in the UK. Introduced with a substantial television advertising campaign in 1976, Banjo was a twin bar (similar in shape and size to Twix) and based upon a wafer with a chopped peanut layer and the whole covered in milk chocolate. It was packaged in distinctive navy blue – with the brand name prominently displayed in yellow block text – and was one of the first British snack bars to have a heat-sealed wrapper closure instead of the reverse-side fold common to most domestically-produced chocolate bars at that time. It was available into the 1980s. There was a coconut version also available in a red wrapper with yellow text.

Aztec bars

So many sweet lovers would love to be able to enjoy Aztec bars again. Sadly it isn’t possible to buy Aztec bars at the moment. It was like a Mars Bar but not as sickly because it had nougat instead of toffee. It had a purple wrapper it was made by Cadbury’s.

Opal Fruits

Mars, the manufacturers, is bringing back the sweets for a limited period in conjunction with the supermarket chain ASDA.

The fruit chews that were "made to make you mouth water" were replaced by Starburst in 1998, the name under which they had been exported to the US in the seventies.

But the iconic British brand is being revived in celebration of the tenth anniversary of the change.

They will be available for an initial period of 12 weeks from May 10, exclusively in ASDA stores.

A spokesperson for ASDA said: "The demise of the Opal Fruit was mourned across the nation, and we’re really excited to be staging the exclusive comeback of this great British favourite."

Opal Fruits were initially introduced in Britain in the 1960s.

In 1998, the US brand Starburst was adopted in England in order to standardise the brand in the global marketplace.

Expectations are high that the move to bring back Opal Fruits will be popular with consumers.

As well as reverting to the original flavours of lemon, lime, orange and strawberry, the new Opal Fruits will be a strictly natural affair.

The limited edition will be produced using no artificial colouring or preservatives, a move that both ASDA and Mars hope will appeal to twenty-first century customers.

The return of Opal Fruits continues the recent trend of reviving classic brands.

Cadbury reintroduced the Wispa last year after an internet campaign which also involved protesters storming a stage at the Glastonbury festival.

Sherbert Fountain

Sherbet is sold in a plastic tube with twist-off lid, with a stick made from liquorice as a sherbet fountain. Many consumers regret the replacement of the former paper packaging, which allowed an extra dimension of enjoyment: the crushing of the caked lumps of sherbet as the paper cylinder was rolled between the hands. The top of the stick is supposed to be bitten off to form a straw and the sherbet sucked through it, where it fizzes and dissolves on the tongue, though many people prefer to either dip the liquorice in the sherbet and lick it off or to tip the sherbet into their mouths and eat the liquorice separately.

When paired with liquorice, sherbet is typically left unflavoured in a white form and with a higher reactive agent so that it causes a fizzy foam to develop in the mouth.

They are manufactured by Barratt, a subsidiary of Tangerine Confectionery.

Though some shops still sell the old-style only.

Sherbert Flying Saucers

These small pastel coloured rice paper sweets were shaped like a U.F.O. and contained delightfully fizzy sherbet.

Small dimpled discs made from edible coloured paper (rice paper), typically filled with white unflavoured sherbet (the same form as in Sherbet Fountains) These sweets had sherbert in the middle and a kind of melt-in-your-mouth outer shell.

Black Jacks Chews

Black Jack is a type of "aniseed flavour chew" according to its packaging. This means that it is a chewy (gelatin-based) confectionery. Black Jack is manufactured under the Barratt brand in Spain. Black Jack is very similar to Fruit Salad, which are also manufactured by Barratt.

Black Jacks are one of the most well-known classic British sweets. They`re aniseed-flavoured, chewy and black with a unique taste, and they make your tongue go black!

The original labels from the 1920’s pictured a grinning gollywog – unbelievably, back then images of black people were used to advertise Liquorice. This is seen as unacceptable today, of course, and by the late 80s manufacturers Trebor deleted the golly logo. It was replaced by a pirate with a black beard.

In the early 1990s the pirate logo was replaced by a rather boring black and white swirl design.

Cabana bars

Cabana bars died out in about 1984, and as they were made by Rowntree (sold to Nestle in 1989) they’re very unlikely to make a comeback.

Licorice Bootlaces

Long thin strips of licorice in the shape of boot laces.

Pineapple Chunks

Pineapple Flavour Hard Boiled Sweets.

Jamboree Bag

Bags of different sorts of sweets, with dodgy plastic toys and whistles etc, where are they now?

Rhubarb & Custard

Rhubarb and Custard flavoured boiled sweet, with it’s two colours.


Gobstoppers, known as jawbreakers in Canada and the United States, are a type of hard sweet or candy. They are usually round, usually range from about 1 cm across to 3 cm across (though much bigger gobstoppers can sometimes be found in Canadian/US candy stores, up to 8 cm in diameter) and are traditionally very hard.

The term gobstopper derives from ‘gob’, which is United Kingdom/Ireland slang for mouth.

Gobstoppers usually consist of several layers, each layer dissolving to reveal a different colored (and sometimes different flavoured) layer, before dissolving completely. Gobstoppers are sucked or licked, being too hard to bite without risking dental damage (hence the US title).

Gobstoppers have been sold in traditional sweet shops for at least a century, often sold by weight from jars. As gobstoppers dissolve very slowly, they last a very long time in the mouth, which is a major factor in their enduring popularity with children. Larger ones can take days or even weeks to fully dissolve, risking a different kind of dental damage.

In 2003, Taquandra Diggs, a nine year old girl in Starke, Florida, suffered severe burns, allegedly from biting down on a Wonka Everlasting Gobstopper that had been left out in the sun. Diggs and several other victims’ families filed lawsuits against Nestlé for medical bills resulting from plastic surgery as well as pain and suffering; the matters were later settled outside of court for an undisclosed amount.

A 2004 episode of the Discovery Channel television program "Myth Busters" episode subsection named Exploding Jawbreakers then demonstrated that heating a gobstopper in a microwave oven can cause the different layers inside to heat at different rates, yielding an explosive spray of very hot candy when compressed; Myth Busters crew members Adam Savage and Christine Chamberlain received light burns after a gobstopper exploded.

Acid Drops

Tongue-tinglingly sharp boiled sweets.

Barley Sugar

Barley sugar (or barley sugar candy) is a traditional variety of British boiled sweet, or hard candy, yellow or orange in colour with an extract of barley added as flavouring. It is similar to hard caramel candy in its texture and taste.

Barley sugars and other energy sweets are the only food allowed to be eaten in the New Zealand & Australian 40 Hour Famine, an annual event which draws attention to world hunger. A single barley sugar is allowed to be consumed once every 4 hours during the 40 Hour Famine. This applies to participants older than primary school age.

Bulls Eyes Humbug

Humbugs are a traditional hard boiled sweet available in the United Kingdom, Ireland, Canada, Australia and New Zealand. They are usually flavoured with peppermint and striped in two different colours (often brown and tan). They have a hard outside and a soft toffee centre. Humbugs are typically cylinders with rounded ends wrapped in a twist of cellophane, or else pinched cylinders with a 90-degree turn between one end and the other (shaped like a pyramid with rounded edges), loose in a bag.

They are more often eaten in winter than summer, as they are considered "warming." The name of the candy is not related to the phrase "Bah, humbug" derived from Dickens’ A Christmas Carol. That expression implies a general dissatisfaction with the Christmas season. However, offering humbugs around Christmas time is now seen by some as humorous or ironic, and was featured in an episode of Blackadder in this manner.

A similar sweet is "bulls-eye" which has black and white stripes like a humbug but is spherical like an aniseed ball. These are peppermint flavoured and are also known as bullets in the UK as they are similar in size to smoothbore musket balls.

Love Hearts

Love Hearts are a type of confectionery manufactured by Swizzels Matlow in the United Kingdom. They are hard, fizzy, tablet-shaped sweets in a variety of fruit flavours featuring a short, love-related message on one side of the sweet.

The sweets are small and circular, approximately 19 mm in diameter, and 5 mm in height (including the embossed decorations). Both sides are embossed with a decoration, the rear with a large outline of a heart and the front with the message within an outline of a heart. On the front of the sweet the embossing is highlighted with a red colouring.

The main body of the sweet is coloured in one of the 6 colours – white, yellow, orange, green, purple or red. Especially for the darker red and purple colourings this colouring is somewhat blotchy.

Fruit Salads

Fruit Salad is a type of "Raspberry & Pineapple flavour chew" according to its packaging. This means that it is a chewy (gelatin-based) confectionery. Fruit Salad is manufactured by Barratt in Spain. Fruit Salad is very similar to Black Jack, which are also manufactured by Barratt.

Sweet ‘Cigarette’ Sticks

(sticks wrapped in paper, in packs that looked just like real cigarettes)

Candy cigarettes is a candy introduced in the early 20th century made out of chalky sugar, bubblegum or chocolate, wrapped in paper as to resemble cigarettes. Their place on the market has long been controversial because many critics believe the candy desensitizes children, leading them to become smokers later in life. Because of this, the selling of candy cigarettes has been banned in several countries such as Finland, Norway, the Republic of Ireland, Turkey and Saudi Arabia.

In the United States a ban was considered in 1970 and again in 1991, but was not passed into federal law. The U.S. state of North Dakota enacted a ban on candy cigarettes from 1953 until 1967. In Canada federal law prohibits candy cigarette branding that resembles real cigarette branding and the territory of Nunavut has banned all products that resemble cigarettes.

The Family Smoking and Prevention Control Act was misquoted as banning candy cigarettes. The Act bans any form of added flavoring in tobacco cigarettes other than menthol. It does not regulate the candy industry.

Candy cigarettes continue to be manufactured and consumed in many parts of the world. However, many manufacturers now describe their products as candy sticks, bubble gum, or candy.

Popeye Cigarettes marketed using the Popeye character were sold for a while and had red tips (to look like a lit cigarette) before being renamed candy sticks and being manufactured without the red tip.

Liquorice "Smoker’s Sets"

Sweet smokers sets with sweet cigarettes, tobacco and liquorice pipes. CONCERNS have been raised about the availability of candy-style imitation cigarettes. The sweets, which look remarkably like a hand-rolled cigarette and packaged in replica cigarette packets.

"Recently there has been a trend for buying so-called retro candy such as aniseed balls and spangles. It’s unfortunate that chocolate cigarettes have re surfaced but it’s not illegal to sell them and it’s really up to retailers to decide whether or not it’s a product with which they wish to be associated."

Aniseed Balls

Aniseed balls are a type of hard round sweet sold in the UK, New Zealand and Australia. They are shiny and dark brownish red, and hard like Gobstoppers.

Aniseed Balls are something you either love or hate! They are flavoured by aniseed oil (obviously!), and have a very strong aniseed flavour. They last for a long time in the mouth before dissolving and in the centre of the ball is a whole rapeseed that can be crushed.


Butterscotch is a type of confectionery whose primary ingredients are brown sugar and butter, although other ingredients such as corn syrup, cream, vanilla, and salt are part of some recipes.

The ingredients for butterscotch are similar to toffee, but for butterscotch the sugar is boiled to the soft crack stage, and not hard crack as with toffee. Butterscotch sauce is often made into a syrup, which is used as a topping for ice cream (particularly sundaes).

The term butterscotch is also often used for the flavour of brown sugar and butter together even where actual confection butterscotch is not involved, e.g. butterscotch pudding.

Food historians have several theories regarding the name and origin of this confectionery, but none are conclusive. One explanation is the meaning "to cut or score" for the word "scotch", as the confection must be cut into pieces, or "scotched", before hardening. It is also possible that the "scotch" part of its name was derived from the word "scorch".

However, the word was first recorded in Doncaster, in England, where Samuel Parkinson began making the confectionery in 1817. Parkinson’s Butterscotch had royal approval and was one of Doncaster’s attractions until it ceased production in 1977. The recipe was revived in 2003 when a Doncaster businessman and his wife rediscovered the recipe on an old folded piece of paper inside one of the famous St Leger tins in their cellar.

Butterscotch is an example of a genericized trademark, originally a trademark of Parkinson’s.

Jelly Babies

Jelly babies are a type of soft confectionery that look like little babies in a variety of colours. There are currently several companies that make jelly babies, most predominantly Trebor Bassett (part of the Cadbury Group of companies, and famous for their liquorice allsorts) and also Rowntree (Nestlé).

Jelly Babies were launched by Bassett’s in 1918 in Sheffield as "Peace Babies" to mark the end of World War I. Production was suspended during World War II due to wartime shortages and the fact that the name had largely become ironic. In 1953 the product was relaunched as "Jelly Babies". In March 1989 Bassett’s were taken over by Cadbury Schweppes who had earlier acquired the Trebor brand.

Jelly Babies manufactured in the United Kingdom tend to be dusted in starch which is left over from the manufacturing process where it is used to aid release from the mould. Jelly Babies of Australian manufacture generally lack this coating.

Like many gummy sweets, they contain gelatin and are thus not suitable for vegetarians.

A popular science class experiment is to put them in a strong oxidising agent and see the resulting spectacular reaction. The experiment is commonly referred to as "Screaming jelly babies".

Each Bassett’s Jelly Baby now has an individual name and shape, colour and flavour: Brilliant (red – strawberry), Bubbles (yellow – lemon), Baby Bonny (pink – raspberry), Boofuls (green – lime), Bigheart (purple – blackcurrant) and Bumper (orange). The introduction of different shapes and names was a new innovation, circa 1989, prior to which all colours of jelly baby were a uniform shape.

Jelly Babies are similar in appearance to Gummi bears, which are better known outside of the United Kingdom, though the texture is different, Jelly Babies having a harder outer "crust" and a softer, less rubbery, centre.

In 2007, Bassett’s Jelly Babies changed to include only natural colours and ingredients.

In the early 1960s, after Beatles guitarist George Harrison revealed in an interview that he liked jelly babies, audiences showered him and the rest of the band with the sweets at live concerts and fans sent boxes of them as gifts.[citation needed] Unfortunately American fans could not obtain this soft British confection, replacing them with harder jelly beans instead. To the group’s discomfort, they were frequently pelted with jelly beans during concerts while in America.

Jelly babies are popular with several of the Doctors in the television series Doctor Who. The Second Doctor was the first to have them in his pockets. The Fourth Doctor had them throughout his time on the show. They also appear briefly with the Tenth Doctor In the 2007 episode "The Sound of Drums", The Master is seen eating them.

Dolly mixture

This is a British confection, consisting of a variety of multi-coloured fondant shapes, such as cubes and cylinders, with subtle flavourings. The mixtures also include hard-coated fondants in "round edged cube" shapes and sugar coated jellies. They are sold together, in a mixture in a medium-sized packet. It is produced by various companies in different countries; the most popular brands are those produced by Trebor Bassett (now a part of the Cadbury’s consortium)


The name bonbon (or bon-bon) stems from the French word bon, literally meaning “good”. In modern usage, the term "bonbon" usually refers to any of several types of sweets and other table centerpieces across the world.

The first bonbons come from the 17th century when they were made at the royal court especially for children who were eating them and chanting bon, bon!, French for good, good!.

Bonbon is also a colloquial expression (as in, "She sat around all day eating bon-bons while her husband was at work."). This sweet inspired Johann Strauss II to compose a waltz named, "Wiener Bonbons".


Chewits is the brand name of a chewy, cuboid-shaped, soft taffy candy manufactured by Leaf International.

Chewits was launched in the UK in 1965. The sweets were originally manufactured in Southport, but after the closing of the factory in 2006 manufacture was moved to Slovakia. The original flavours consisted of Strawberry, Blackcurrant, Orange and Banana. Over the years more exotic flavours such as Ice Cream, Cola, Rhubarb & Custard, and Blue Mint were introduced as limited edition flavours. New Chewits pack designs, formats and flavours were launched in 2009.

Currently Chewits core flavour range includes Strawberry, Blackcurrant, Fruit Salad, Ice Cream and Orange. Ice Cream Chewits, originally released in 1989, were re-introduced in 2009 following an online petition and demand expressed on Facebook and Bebo.

Chewits were first advertised on television in 1976. The original advertisements featured the ‘Monster Muncher’, a Godzilla-resembling mascot on the hunt for something chewy to eat. The first ad featuring the Muncher threatening New York was made by French Gold Abbott and created by John Clive and Ian Whapshot. The first ad was so successful the sequel was delayed. The ‘Monster Muncher’ chomps and tramples humorously local and well-known international landmarks such as Barrow-in-Furness Bus Depot, a London block of flats, London Bridge, the Taj Mahal, the Leaning Tower of Pisa, and the Empire State Building. The ‘Monster Muncher’ could only be quelled by a pack of Chewits.

A spin-off computer game, The Muncher, was released for the ZX Spectrum in 1988.

The original adverts used claymation special effects, similar in style to those made famous in the movies of Ray Harryhausen. They also included a voiceover style reminiscent of a 1950s radio serial.

A subsequent advertisement, originally aired in 1995, plays on the over-the-top advertising style of the post-war era. To the tune of bright 50’s era orchestration, a salesy narrator exhorts viewers to try a variety of chewy consumer items in the essential guide to a chewier chew. The ad shows the ‘Monster Muncher’ sampling items such as Wellington boots, a rubber boat and a rubber plant in order to be ready for the chewiest of chews – Chewits.

In the late 1990s, Chewits experimented with ads showing multiple news casting dinosaur puppets. The catchphrase advice at the close of each ‘broadcast’ was to "do it before you chew it". This style of ads was relatively short-lived for Chewits.

With a change of advertising agencies, the puppets were replaced by colourful 2D animations. The ‘Monster Muncher’ was re-introduced as ‘Chewie’ in two popular adverts from this time. In the first, which aired in 2000, Chewie roller skates on two buses through a busy city scene. The second, which went out a year later in 2001, shows Chewie waterskiing at a popular seaside resort. The ads included a rendition of the 1994 hit song ‘I like to move it’ by Reel 2 Real, with the chorus, "I like to Chewit Chewit."

In 2003, after a further shift in advertising agencies, a new ad was aired showing a wide range of animals auditioning to be the new face of Chewits. The ad announced the return of the iconic dinosaur Chewie mascot, now dubbed ‘Chewie the Chewitsaurus’.

In 2009, Chewits introduced the new Chewie the Chewitsaurus look, showing a contemporary, computer-game-style slick design. Chewie the Chewitsaurus features on all Chewits packaging and sponsorship activity.

Fizzy Cola Bottles

Remember that fizzy, sour cola taste you used to get from these? I think these are another sweet you either love or hate. Real cola tasting Giant fizzy bottles.

Milk Bottles

These white milk bottle shaped chewy white sweets are also known as milk gums. They were pretty popular in the UK, and are still selling well today repackaged as retro sweets.


These were a kind of Opal Fruits spin-off, but came in peppermint and spearmint flavours. They were discontinued sometime in the 80’s.

Sweet Bananas

These yummy sweet bananas, soft, juicy chews with a lovely mellow banana flavour.

Mackintosh’s Toffee

Mackintosh’s Toffee is a sweet created by John Mackintosh.

Mackintosh opened up his sweets shop in Halifax, Yorkshire, England in 1890, and the idea for Mackintosh’s Toffee, not too hard and not too soft, came soon after. In 1969, Mackintosh’s merged with rival Rowntree to form Rowntree Mackintosh, which merged with Nestle in 1988.

The product is often credited with being over 100 years old.

The toffee is sold in bags containing a random assortment of individual wrapped flavoured toffees. The flavours are (followed by wrapping colour): Malt (Blue), Harrogate (Yellow), Mint (Green), Egg & Cream (Orange), Coconut (Pink), Toffee (Red). The red wrapped toffees do not display a flavour on the wrapper. The product’s subtitle is "Toffee De Luxe" and its motto "a tradition worth sharing".

Space Dust

Space Dust the candy that pops when placed in your mouth.

Bazooka bubble gum

It was first marketed shortly after World War II in the U.S. by the Topps Company based in Brooklyn, New York. The gum was packaged in a patriotic red, white, and blue color scheme. Beginning in 1953, Topps changed the packaging to include small comic strips with the gum, featuring the character "Bazooka Joe". There are 50 different "Bazooka Joe" comic-strip wrappers to collect. The product has been virtually unchanged in over 50 years.

The Topps company expanded the flavors, making them Original, Strawberry Shake, Cherry Berry, Watermelon Whirl, and Grape Rage. The Strawberry flavor is packaged in a pink and white wrapper and the Grape in a purple and white wrapper. Bazooka gum can also be found in a sugar free variety with the standard bubble gum flavor and a "Flavor Blasts" variety, claimed to have longer lasting, more intense taste. Bazooka gum comes in 2 different sizes.

Bazooka bubblegum is sold in many countries, often with Bazooka Joe comic strips translated into the local language. Bazooka gum is sold in Canada with cartoons in both English and French, depending upon the city. In Israel, manufactured under license to Elite, the cartoons are written in Hebrew. The gum was also sold in Yugoslavia and later in Slovenia until the local licensee allowed their license to expire in 2006. The "Bazooka Joe" cartoons are about "Bazooka Joe" and his friends. There are also "Bazooka Joe" t-shirts in return for 15 Bazooka Joe comics and .99 while supplies last. But the offer has been discontinued.

In May 2009 it was announced that the Bazooka Joe comic was to be adapted into a Hollywood movie.

Traffic Light lollies

These were a red yellow and green lolly that was a childhood favourtite sweet for many.

Black Magic Chocolates

What a huge disappointment these chocolates are!! A few years ago Nestle made an almighty mistake by doing away with THE best brand of dark chocolates, favourites of many thousands of people, and replacing them with cardboard pretend chocolate squares which tasted cheap and nasty. Most boxes ended up in the bin. Last year I had a letter from Nestle saying they were bringing the classics back, fantastic, I was straight to the shop for some, so bad was my addiction, but horribly they are nothing like the originals.

The dont taste or smell the same, the centres are hard and taste of chemicals, like long gone off chocolates. The bottom line is this, why change them in the first place? and when you realised you had made a mistake why not bring back the originals instead of these tacky replacements. very sad, and I still havent found any chocs like Black Magic, I still have original boxes with ribbons from the 1950’s, now they were class.


Ultra-chewy, chocolate-covered nougat bar launched in the mid-70s; disappeared in the mid-80s.


Boring two-fingered wafer bar, lasted for most of the 80s.

Callard & Bowser Creamline Toffees

A 2001 casualty; they were better than Toffos.

Amazin Raisin

1971-78 – the sweets equivalent of rum’n’raisin ice cream.

Freshen Up

Chewing gum with a liquid centre, an 80s innovation.

Bluebird Toffee

A classic, but a recent casualty of confectionery industry takeovers.

Jap Desserts

These old coconut sweets (coconut was often known as ‘Jap’) died a death in the early 2000s.

Counters (Galaxy)

Harmless chocolate beans cruelly cut off.

Pink Panther

Extraordinary strawberry-flavoured chocolate bars, thin like Milky Bars. An acquired taste.


Wafer biscuit – a challenger to Penguins.

Club bars

From Jacobs. The full range has been withdrawn, but Orange is still available. Symbol guide: plain = jack of clubs; milk = golf ball; mint = green leaf. Bog-standard but likable for thick chocolate.

Nutty Pure

80s bar, with a smoky brown see-through wrapper. Peanuts encase a fudge-type caramel log centre.

Double Agent

Extremely artificial blackcurrant- or apple-flavoured boiled sweets, with a sherbet centre and spy questions on the wrapper. Classic cold war confectionery.

Mighty Imp’s

Mighty Imps were really old fashioned liquorice and menthol pellets that used to turn your tongue black… lovely!

They were sugar free and were marketed to help you keep a clear voice and protect against a sore throat (due to the menthol content I suspect).


This ice lolly on a stick was shaped like a rocket and was made up of three sections, each with its own distinct flavour. In sequence this was lime, lemon and strawberry.


Fruit flavour fizzy sweets in a roll. Raspberry, lemon, lime and orange flavours. Refreshingly fizzly.

White Chocolate Mice

These white chocolate mice were cream flavoured and are silky smooth on your tongue. You certainly will not want the cat to get these sweet mice!!

The top 10 Best Sales – Through the ages


1 Mars bar
2 Cadbury’s Dairy Milk
3 Wrigley’s Spearmint Gum
4 Milky Way
5 Polo
6 Kit Kat
7 Crunchie
8 Wrigley’s Arrowmint Gum
9 Rowntree’s Fruit Pastilles
10 Maltesers


1 Mars bar
2 Kit Kat
3 Cadbury’s Dairy Milk
4 Twix
5 Yorkie
6 Milky Way
7 Bounty
8 Maltesers
9 Aero
10 Smarties


1 Mars bar
2 Kit Kat
3 Marathon
4 Wispa
5 Polo
6 Extra Strong Mints
7 Fruit Pastilles
8 Flake
9 Rolo
10 Double Decker


1 Kit Kat
2 Mars bar
3 Cadbury’s Dairy Milk
4 Roses
5 Twix
6 Wrigley’s Extra
7 Quality Street
8 Snickers
9 Maltesers
10 Galaxy


1 Cadbury’s Dairy Milk
2 Wrigleys Extra
3 Maltesers
4 Galaxy
5 Mars bar
6 Kit Kat
7 Celebrations
8 Quality Street
9 Haribo (total sales)
10 Roses

Can anyone add to the list?

Where are they Now? – A-Z of Bristol bands – Songwriters – Musicians
annual credit score
Image by brizzle born and bred
image above: Black Roots were a roots reggae band from the St. Paul’s area of Bristol, England formed in 1979. They released several albums before splitting up in 1990.


The Agents: Post Punk band (1980–1983). In 1981 they released in Germany the single and album called ‘Everybody’s Gonna Be Happy’. They split up in 1983, with members Richard Snow, Dave and Steve Libby going on to form Force Majeure.

Rodney Allen: Guitarist and songwriter. Released the Happysad LP on The Subway Organization in 1987, and after a brief spell in The Chesterfields joined The Blue Aeroplanes.
Allflaws: Electronic, Industrial and Trip Hop group (2004–present). Created by producer, vocalist and songwriter Gabriel Curran.

Apartment: Post Punk band (1979–1980) formed by Alan Griffiths released double A-sided single ‘The Car’/’Winter’ in 1980 on Heartbeat Records also featured on the 1979 Bristol compilation album ‘Avon Calling’

Art Objects: New Wave “Art band” (1978–1981). Fronted by Bristol Beat Poet Gerard Langley, brother John Langley on drums, dancer Wojtek Dmochowski (all later of The Blue Aeroplanes), plus bassist Bill Stair and guitarists/brothers Jonjo and Robin Key (both simultaneously in the band Various Artists) They released 2 singles, and the album ‘Bagpipe Music’ on local label Heartbeat Records.

Aspects: Hip Hop group (1996–present). The outfit’s core members are emcees El Eye and Mantis, producer Specify and beatbox Monkey Moo.


Geoff Barrow: Producer, songwriter and instrumentalist (b.1971). Founder member of Portishead. In 1991, he assisted on the recording of Massive Attack’s breakthrough album Blue Lines.

Acker Bilk: Clarinetist and songwriter (b.1929). Best known for his 1961 UK hit single, "Stranger on the Shore", which also became the first British recording to reach #1 on the U.S. Billboard Hot 100 in 1962.

Black Roots – See photo above: A roots reggae band from the St. Paul’s area of Bristol, formed in 1979. Their first (self-titled) album was released on their own Nubian label, and the band was commissioned by the BBC to write and record the theme song to the sitcom The Front Line. They released several other albums before they stopped touring in 1990 and officially disbanded in 1995.

The Blue Aeroplanes: Art rock guitar band (1983–present). Formed out of the ashes of Art Objects, over it’s lifetime the band has had a fluid membership, with the 2 constants being Gerard Langley as “singer” and Wojtek Dmochowski (dancer). The group have produced numerous albums/singles (some re-released with different/additional tracks), including a version of The Boy in the Bubble by Paul Simon.

The Blue Side of Midnight: Rock band formed 1982.

Beki Bondage: Rebecca Louise Bond, singer and musician (b.1963). Came to prominence as a member of Bristol Punk Band Vice Squad. In a St George’s Day (23 April 2006) speech, for the Campaign to Celebrate our English Heritage, controversial journalist Garry Bushell cited Bondage as "a jewel in the crown of England’s glory."

Chris Bostock: Bassist, songwriter and producer (b.1962). Member of The Stingrays, The X-Certs, Subway Sect, JoBoxers and played with Dave Stewart and The Spiritual Cowboys.

The Bohana Mouse Band: Jazz Funk band with Paul Owen (Vocals), Martin Tutton (Guitar), Paul Onslow-Carey (Drums), and Jon Fifield (Percussion). They were the first release on Circus Records with their 12" single ‘F’, in 1981.

Pete Brandt’s Method: Large jazz-funk band led by Pete Brandt. Their only single, ‘What You Are/ Positive Thinking’ was released on Fried Egg Records in 1980. Pete Brandt is now producing melodic acoustic folk.

Breakbeat Era: Short-lived British project, that combined the breakbeat talent of drum and bass producers, Roni Size and DJ Die, with the vocals of singer Leonie Laws.

The Brilliant Corners: Indie band that encompassed a variety of musical styles over its lifetime (1983–1993). They released a series of albums and singles, including one for the charity Mencap, called Brian Rix. Subsequently Davey Woodward and Chris Galvin formed the Experimental Pop Band in 1995.

Bronnt Industries Kapital: Musical project based around producer and multi-instrumentalist Guy Bartell. They have released three studio albums, ‘Virtute et Industria’, ‘Häxan’ and ‘Hard for Justice’. Their first releases were limited edition CDs and vinyl on Bristol labels Silent Age, Clean Cut and Float records.

Thomas Brooman: Thos Brooman was a drummer, and along with Bob Hooton a record label owner (Wavelength Records), magazine editor (The Bristol Recorder) and founder of WOMAD. Originally in The Media with Johnny Britton, then The Spics and finally with Joe Public. He co-founded Real World Records with Peter Gabriel in 1987, and was appointed a CBE in 2008; he was named in the Queen’s Birthday Honours for his services to music and to charity.

Angelo Bruschini: Rock guitarist who has been a member of The Numbers, The Rimshots, The Blue Aeroplanes, and now Massive Attack. He produced Strangelove’s eponymous album in 1997. He also played guitar on Jane Taylors’ award-winning single "Blowing This Candle Out" in 2003.

Danny Byrd: Drum and Bass DJ, producer and musician from Bath. His first record release was in 1998, a 12” single entitled ‘Manhattan’.

Pete Byrne: Songwriter and singer (b.1954, Bath, Somerset). Originally part of the short-lived group Neon with Rob Fisher, and Roland Orzabal and Curt Smith (later of Tears for Fears). Byrne and Fisher went on to form the pop duo Naked Eyes, and had a hit record with their cover version of "Always Something There to Remind Me".


Candado Palado:Pop punk semi novelty band (1977-9) which supported many of the better known bands of the time including Cortinas, Shoes for Industry, Joe Public and The Spics. Band members currently (2010) scattered across three continents making their names in law, commerce, media and academia.

Chaos UK: Hardcore punk band (1979–present). Originally signed to Riot City Records, they have toured the world and released numerous albums and singles.

Chaotic Dischord: Punk band (1981–1988). Initially formed as a joke, by members of Vice Squad and their road crew, to prove a point to Simon Edwards of Riot City Records. They subsequently went on to be one of the label’s best-selling acts.

The Chesterfields: Indie pop band from Yeovil, Somerset (1984–1989). They garnered Indie Chart Hits for their singles and albums on Bristols’ The Subway Organization label, as well as their own Household label. Fans tended to refer to them as ‘The Chesterf!elds’, with an exclamation mark replacing the ‘i’, following the example of the band’s logo.

Chikinki: Funk band that evolved into electro-pop (1996–present). Originally signed to Bristol label Sink and Stove Records who released their debut album Experiment with Mother, they then joined Island Records, but were later dropped.

Gary Clail: Rap singer and producer. Part of On-U Sound Records and led Gary Clail’s Tackhead Sound System. His 1991 single ‘Human Nature’ released as Gary Clail On-U Sound System reached #10 in the UK chart.

Claytown Troupe: An alternative rock band from Bristol, Bath, and Weston-super-Mare, England. (1984–1993, 2004–present). Formed by lead singer Christian Riou, who claimed in an NME interview that a local clairvoyant advised him to form a band called the Clayton Troop. The have produced albums for Island Records and EMI.

Climie Fisher: Pop duo (1987–1990), formed by former Naked Eyes keyboardist Rob Fisher and vocalist Simon Climie. They are best known for the 1987/88 hit singles "Love Changes (Everything)" and the hip hop-styled remix of "Rise to the Occasion".

Russ Conway: Pianist and composer (1925–2000). He had a cumulative total of 83 weeks on the UK Singles Chart in 1959, including two number one records: ‘Side Saddle’ and ‘Roulette’. He appeared as himself in French and Saunders’ 1994 Christmas special, playing ‘Side Saddle’ in their spoof of The Piano.

Roger Cook: Singer and Songwriter (b.1940, Fishponds, Bristol). Has written many hits, usually with his writing partner Roger Greenaway, for themselves and other recording artists. Was a member of The Kestrels, David and Jonathan and Blue Mink.

The Cortinas: Originally started as a R&B Band, but is more famous for its Punk and New Wave incarnations (1976–1978). Featured bassist Dexter Dalwood, guitarists Mike Fewings, drummer Daniel Swan (Sneetches) and future Clash member Nick Sheppard. They split up in the same year they released, on CBS, their debut album, ‘True Romances’.

The Cougars: Rock instrumental group (1961–1964). They had a modest UK hit in 1963 with the single, "Saturday Nite at the Duck-Pond", which was based on a small section of Tchaikovsky’s Swan Lake, and was consequently banned by the BBC.

Crescent: Alternative band whose music is described as slow, minimalistic and melancholy (Early 1990s onwards). Shares members in common with Movietone.

Adge Cutler: Alan John Cutler Scrumpy and Western singer and songwriter (1930–1974). Originator of the description Scrumpy and Western music, and founder of The Wurzels in 1966. Best known for his minor UK hit single in 1967 (and unofficial West Country Anthem), ‘Drink Up Thy Zider’.


Daddy G: Grantley Evan Marshall (Daddy G) DJ and singer (b.1959). Former member of The Wild Bunch and founding member of the band Massive Attack in 1988.

David and Jonathan: Name used by Bristolian pop duo Roger Greenaway and Roger Cook after The Kestrels. They wrote the songs "This Golden Ring" and "You’ve Got Your Troubles" for the group The Fortunes. In 1966 they teamed up with George Martin and did a cover of The Beatles’ "Michelle", which was a hit single in both the UK (#11 UK Singles Chart) and the U.S. (#18 U.S. Billboard Hot 100).

Robert Del Naja: Also known as 3D or "D". Artist, vocalist and musician (b.1965). Originally a graffiti artist and a member of The Wild Bunch, Del Naja went on to become a founding member of the band Massive Attack.

DJ Die: Daniel Kausman (born 1972), moved from Devon to Bristol as a teenager. An early interest in house music resulted in a partnership with friend Jody Wisternoff (who later formed Way Out West with Nick Warren). He was a core member of Reprazent and later in 1998 became one third of Breakbeat Era (a project spawned by the Music Box track of the same name), He has his own label called "Clear Skyz".

Disorder: Hardcore Punk band (1980–present). Bass guitarist Phil Lovering (of The X-Certs) joined the ever changing line up in 1982 and has remained the only constant member since then. Their own label Disorder Records was an offshoot of Heartbeat Records.

Dragons: Indie rock band (2005–present). Formed by singer Anthony Tombling Jr and drummer David Francolini, the band also includes Adam Coombs (synthesizer), Calvin Talbot (guitar), Will Crewdson (guitar) and Jim Fage (bass). Their debut album ‘Here are the Roses’ was released in 2007.


The Eagles:Instrumental rock band (1958–1964) formed at the Eagles House Club in Bristol. In 1962 Ron Grainer (composer of the Doctor Who theme) had them contribute to the soundtrack of his film ‘Some People’, about a fictional Bristol band not unlike themselves. The 1998 double CD ‘Smash Hits from the Eagles and The Kestrels’ featured every track ever recorded by The Eagles, plus tracks from their fellow Bristol band, The Kestrels.

Earthling Trip Hop band: (1990s). They produced several singles, 12”s and two albums (the first album, 1995’s ‘Radar’ had scratching and guitar by Geoff Barrow of Portishead, and the second ‘Humandust’ was (released in 2004 after they had split).

Electric Guitars: Esoteric pop/funk band (1979–1983). After initially recording singles for local labels (Fried Egg Records and Recreational Records) and contributing live tracks to the first edition of The Bristol Recorder, the band was signed to Stiff Records. They released in total 5 singles and 2 post break-up albums (one download only).

Manny Elias: Drummer and songwriter (born 1953 in Calcutta, India). Originally a member of the pop/rock band Interview from Bath, in 1982 he began working with Tears for Fears on the albums The Hurting and Songs From The Big Chair, and has co-writing credits on "The Way You Are" and "The Working Hour". He left Tears for Fears in 1986, and has provided percussion on albums for such artists as Peter Gabriel, Peter Hammill and Julian Lennon.

Matt Elliott: Guitarist and singer playing dark folk music, also producer and remixer. Until 2001 he produced and recorded under the name The Third Eye Foundation.

Rob Ellis: Robert Damian Ellis (b.1962) is a rock drummer, producer, and arranger. He is best-known for his work with PJ Harvey, with whom he has been most closely associated as producer, arranger and musician since 1990.

The Escape: Post Punk-Goth band (1981–1984) formed by Alan Griffiths & Emil from Apartment with bassist Stuart Morgan. Released one single on their own Volatile Records label. In 1983 signed to Phonogram Records / Mercury Records & released 2 singles. Alan Griffiths went on to tour with Tears For Fears in 1985 & later produced & co-wrote several albums with Tears For Fears throughout the nineties.

Europeans: New Wave Band (1977–1979). Their self titled single ‘Europeans’ was the second release on Heartbeat Records. Jon Klein, guitarist, went on to form Specimen and later played with Siouxie & the Banshees.

Evita: Melodic metalcore band (2006–2009). They released their debut EP in 2007 on Bristol-based label Glasstone Records, and an album in 2009 on Basick Records.


The Fans: Guitar band (1978–1980). Consisting of George Smith, Barry Cook, Tony Bird and Rob Williams, their first release was an EP on Fried Egg Records with ‘Giving Me That Look In Your Eyes/Stay The Night’ and a version of Jim Reeves’ song ‘He’ll Have To Go’. A second single in 1980 had ‘You Don’t Live Here Anymore/Following you’. Japanese metal/punk band Brahman recorded a version of ‘You Don’t Live Here Anymore’ in 2008 and on the back of this The Fans have reformed to tour Japan in 2010.

Rob Fisher: Rob Fisher (1956–1999) was a British keyboardist and songwriter from Cheltenham. His early bands included The Xtians and Whitewing, and in 1979 he joined up with Pete Byrne in Bath to form Neon. He achieved chart success in the UK, Europe and North America as a member of Naked Eyes (again with Pete Byrne), and later Climie Fisher (with Simon Climie). At one time Neon also included Curt Smith and Roland Orzabal, prior to their emergence as Tears for Fears.

Five Knuckle: A punk and hardcore band, popular within the UK punk scene and active between 1998 and 2005.

The Flatmates: Indie pop band (1985–1989). The band’s core members were Martin Whitehead (Guitar) and Debbie Haynes (Vocals). Initially, the band also included Kath Beach (Bass guitar) and Rocker (Drums). They released 5 singles, all of which featured in the UK Indie Chart Top 20.

Flying Saucer Attack: Experimental space rock band (1992–2000). David Pearce was the core member of the group, and Rachel Brook (of Movietone) was a member for most of the band’s lifetime. Other allied bands, often sharing musicians, were Crescent, The Third Eye Foundation,

Light and Amp. Their own label FSA Records was an offshoot of Heartbeat Records.
Force Majeure: Electronic dance band (1983–1986). Included ex-members of The Agents and featured as part of the Farian Corporation on a German top ten charity recording of ‘Mother and Child Reunion’.

Fuck Buttons: Two-piece experimental electro-noise duo (2004-present). Consisting of Andrew Hung and John Power, their debut album ‘Street Horrrsing’ was released in 2008.


Beth Gibbons: Singer and songwriter (b.1965, Exeter, England). She moved to Bristol at the age of 22 and is best known as the vocalist of Portishead.

Glaxo Babies: Post-punk group (1977–1980 & 1985–1990). They released four singles and four albums, and recorded two sessions for the BBC’s John Peel. Vocalist/lyricist Rob Chapman quit the band the day they were due to record their first album and later went on to briefly join The Transmitters. Saxophonist Tony Wrafter formed the band Maximum Joy with Janine Rainforth and subsequently included fellow Glaxos, Dan Catis and Charlie Llewellin.

Graduate: New Wave/Mod revival band from Bath (1979–1981). Most notable for having future Tears for Fears duo Curt Smith and Roland Orzabal as members. In 1980, they released an album, "Acting My Age", and a single "Elvis Should Play Ska" (referring to Elvis Costello, not Presley).

Gravenhurst: Gravenhurst (1999–present) is a vehicle for the music of singer-songwriter, producer and multi-instrumentalist Nick Talbot and is signed to Warp Records. They have been described as dark and highly atmospheric, veering between the noisy shoegazing sound of guitar bands such as My Bloody Valentine, the harmony-laden singer-songwriter territory of Simon and Garfunkel, and the highly intricate fingerpicking guitar styles of Bert Jansch and Nick Drake.

Roger Greenaway: Singer and songwriter (b.1938, Fishponds, Bristol). Has written many hits, usually with his writing partner Roger Cook. Was also a member of The Kestrels and David and Jonathan.

Will Gregory: Songwriter and keyboardist (b.1959). Best known as part of electronic music group Goldfrapp. In the 1980s and 1990s he performed with artists including Tears for Fears, Peter Gabriel, The Cure and Portishead. Gregory also played the oboe for Tori Amos and has recorded with Paula Rae Gibson.


Head: Rock/proto-trip hop band (1987–1989). Included Nick Sheppard from The Cortinas (and briefly The Clash), and Gareth Sager. They released 3 albums in total.

The Heads: Stoner rock band (1990–present). Released their first 7" on their own Rooster Rock label in May 1994, it was limited to 500 copies and came with Heads rizla cigarette papers. They have released seven albums, numerous EPs and singles. Between 1995 and 1999 they recorded 3 John Peel Sessions.Stoner rock band formed in Bristol (1990–present). Released their first 7" on their own Rooster Rock label in May 1994, it was limited to 500 copies and came with Heads rizla cigarette papers. They have released seven albums, numerous EPs and singles. Between 1995 and 1999 they recorded 3 John Peel Sessions.

Nellee Hooper: DJ, producer, remixer and composer (b.1963). Member of The Wild Bunch and known for his work with Björk, No Doubt, Gwen Stefani, Madonna, Garbage, U2, Sneaker Pimps, Soul II Soul and Massive Attack.

Wayne Hussey: Singer, songwriter and guitarist (b.1958). Best known as the lead singer of The Mission and guitarist with The Sisters of Mercy.


If?: Indie-dance band from the late 1980s and early 1990s. Comprising former JoBoxers members Sean McLusky and Robert Marche, along with Paul Wells. They recorded singles ‘Everything And More’ and ‘Saturday’s Angels’ on MCA Records.

Iyla: Trip-Hop/Downtempo duo (2004–present). Consisting of Joanna Swan and Nick Pullen, their track ‘Bellissimo’ used a short film starring Martin Freeman as the accompanying music video.

Indigo Listen: Electronic band (1983–1986). Originally formed by Ally Patterson-Fox and Neil Bailey as a duo called Listen. They added Steve Thomas and John Furlong, and in late 1985 changed their name to Indigo Listen.

The Insects: Instrumental rock/soundtrack duo (1996–present). Tim Norfolk and Bob Locke were former members of Startled Insects and apart from co-writing songs for Massive Attack they have written the soundtrack to the film Love and Death on Long Island, and received an Emmy for the documentary Life at the Edge.

Interview: Five piece pop/rock band (1977–1981). Formed by Pete Allerhand, Alan Brain and Jeff Starrs in Bath, they added Manny Elias and Phil Crowther to complete their first line-up. Crowther was subsequently replaced with Alfie Aguis and then Steve Street. They were signed to Virgin Records, and between 1978 and 1981 released two albums and four singles.


Jaguar: Heavy metal band, part of the New Wave of British Heavy Metal movement (1979–1985 & 1999–present). Guitarist Garry Pepperd has been the only constant member throughout the bands numerous line-ups. Their debut album ‘Power Games’ was released in 1983.

JoBoxers: Pop/soul band (1981–1985). Formed when ex-Subway Sect members: guitarist Rob Marche, keyboardist Dave Collard, bassist Chris Bostock and drummer Sean McLusky, teamed up with American singer Dig Wayne. The band’s debut single, ‘Boxerbeat’, peaked at #3 in the UK Singles Chart. Their next hit ‘Just Got Lucky’ made the UK Top 10 and U.S. Top 40.


Nik Kershaw: Singer-songwriter (b.1958). Born in Bristol, he grew up in Ipswich, Suffolk. He had a number of hits during the mid-1980s, including a total of 50 weeks on the UK singles chart in 1984. He also wrote the 1991 UK #1 hit "The One and Only" for Chesney Hawkes.

The Kestrels: Vocal harmony quartet (1955–1965). Initially a trio of Tony Burrows, Roger Greenaway, and Roger Maggs, they later expanded to a quartet with the addition to Jeff Williams. The group were in great demand as backup singers for other popular acts of the time, but never had a hit record themselves. In 1964 Roger Cook joined as a replacement for Pete Gullane, and this was the start of a very successful partnership he had with Roger Greenaway.

Kosheen: Trip-Hop, drum and bass, rock group (1999–present). The trio consists of producers Markee Substance (Mark Morrison) and Darren Decoder (Darren Beale), with singer and song writer Sian Evans. Their first album, ‘Resist’ was released in 2001 and reached #8 in the UK album chart. The name of the band is a combination of the Japanese words for "old" (‘ko’) and "new" (‘shin’).

The Korgis: Pop band (1978–1982, 1985–1986, 1990–1993, 2005–present). Originally composed of singer/bassist James Warren (b. 1951) and singer/drummer Andy Davis (Andrew Cresswell-Davis b.1949), both former members of 1970s band Stackridge. Their 1980 single, ‘Everybody’s Got to Learn Sometime’ was a hit on both sides of the Atlantic, hitting #5 in the UK and #18 in the U.S.

Krust: Keith Thompson or DJ Krust, is a drum and bass producer and DJ (b. 1968). Part of the Reprazent collective, as well as releasing his own solo material.


Gerard Langley: Bristol Beat Poet, frontman and lyricist for Art Objects (band) and The Blue Aeroplanes. His “singing” style is similar to that of Bob Dylan. He also wrote the insert notes for the CD reissue of Avon Calling – “These CDs will give you actual punks (X-Certs), reclaimed pub rockers with skinny trousers and ties (Private Dicks), up-tempo attempted popmeisters (Various Artists), arty kids in a strop (Glaxo Babies), New York bohemian wannabes (Apartment), rock-poetic wannabes (Art Objects), teenage dubheads (Double Vision), closet Doors fans with a grudge (Essential Bop), and many more.”

Alex Lee: Songwriter and multi-instrumentalist (b.1970). Played guitar and keyboards for The Jade, The Coltraines, The Blue Aeroplanes, Strangelove, Suede, Placebo and Goldfrapp amongst others.

Lupine Howl Rock band: (1999–2003). Formed by Sean Cook (vocalist, bassist), Mike Mooney (guitarist) and drummer Damon Reece, when they were sacked from Spiritualized by Jason Pierce. Two albums were released before they broke up.

Rita Lynch: Musician & singer-songwriter, also a member of the Blue Aeroplanes contributing guitar & backing vocals.

Last Rights: Pop Punk. Have supported the likes of The Blackout, Elliza Doolittle and are featured on Radio One.


Massive Attack: Trip-Hop/Electronica Band (1988–present). Originally consisted of DJ’s Grantley Marshall (Daddy G or "G"), Andrew Vowles (Mushroom or "Mush") and painter-turned-MC Robert Del Naja (3D or "D"), who met as members of The Wild Bunch. One of the most commercially successful proponents of the ‘Bristol Sound’, their debut album ‘Blue Lines’ (1991) is generally considered the first Trip-Hop album, although the term was not coined until years later.

The album reached #13 in the UK albums chart and the track ‘Unfinished Sympathy’ was nominated for a BRIT Award as best single of 1991. Andrew Vowles left the band in 1999.

Maximum Joy: Post punk jazz/funk group (1979–1983). Formed from 3 members of the Glaxo Babies (Tony Wrafter, Dan Catis and Charlie Llewellin), with singer Janine Rainforth and John Waddington from The Pop Group. Their debut album ‘Station MXJY’ arrived in 1982 and they split around the time of the release of the Dennis Bovell produced single of Timmy Thomas’ "Why Can’t We Live Together".

Metropoli:1981 – 1982. Synthpop/new wave group. Russell Thomas – guitar/vocals, Steve Libby – Kybds, Geoff Fulton – bass, Simon Phillips – drums.

Monk & Canatella: Trip-Hop/breakbeat duo (1994–present). Their second album ‘Do Community Service’ included artwork from local graffiti artist Banksy. Portishead included a track titled "A Tribute to Monk and Canatella" on their 1995 CD single "Sour Times (Nobody Loves Me)".

Movietone: Post-rock band (1994–present). Core members are Kate Wright and Rachel Brook (now Rachel Coe). Brook was also a member of Flying Saucer Attack, and Wright is currently the bass player for Crescent. Their 2003 album ‘The Sand and The Stars’ was recorded almost entirely live on a beach.

Last Rights: Pop Punk. Have supported the likes of The Blackout, Elliza Doolittle and are featured on Radio One.


Naked Eyes:Synth based pop band (1982–1985 & 2006–present). Consisted of childhood friends Pete Byrne on vocals and Rob Fisher (1959–1999) on keyboards. They had formerly played in a band called Neon with future members of Tears for Fears. The duo are particularly known for their cover of the Burt Bacharach/Hal David standard "(There’s) Always Something There to Remind Me" (Bacharach is believed to have cited this version as a personal favourite).

National Smile Band : May 21, 1978 Bristol pop group "Jack" beat 2000 other bands to win a national talent competition . They signed to Superfly promotions , a London management agency. National newspapers/Radio /TV reported the event, the band became known as the "National smile band". Members included Gary Gaynor, Phil Stones, Fred White, Terry Hudson and Gary Pearce who was sacked from the band for bleaching his hair blond, amongst other allegations.

Neon: Keyboard/Guitar band from Bath (1979–1981). Rob Fisher joined up with singer Pete Byrne to form the band, and their first single "Making Waves/Me I See You" was released on their own 3D Music label. The band later went on to recruit Neil Taylor, Manny Elias, Curt Smith and Roland Orzabal, before they finally broke up in December 1981. In 1982 Rob Fisher and Pete Byrne went on to form synthpop duo Naked Eyes.

New Rhodes: (2001–present) Formed in 2001, New Rhodes are an indie band consisting of James Williams, Joe Gascoigne, Jack Ashdown and Tim Desmond. Having supported the likes of Razorlight, Bloc Party, The Futureheads and The Killers, in 2006 they released their first album "Songs From The Lodge", which contained the Top 40 single, "You’ve Given Me Something That I Can’t Give Back". 2009 saw they release of their second LP, "Everybody Loves A Scene".

The Numbers: Bowie influnced new wave band, consisting of Nick McAuley, Angelo Bruschini, Wayne Kingston and Lee Gardener. The band recorded for Heartbeat Records with the tracks “Cross-Slide” on the Avon Calling LP and “Alternative Suicide” on the 4 Alternatives EP (Pulse 4). Angelo Bruschini later joined the Rimshots, The Blue Aeroplanes and currently plays guitar with Massive Attack.


Onslaught:Thrash metal band initially active from 1983 to 1991, and then reforming in 2004. The band initially drew influence from second wave punk rock bands such as Discharge and The Exploited, and then adopted a straight forward thrash metal sound.

Roland Orzaba: Roland Jaime Orzabal de la Quintana is a musician, songwriter and record producer (b.1961). He is known mainly as a co-founding member, with Curt Smith, of Tears for Fears where he is the main songwriter and vocalist. Orzabal and Smith met as teenagers and formed their first band at school, then went on to form the ska influenced Graduate. They were also session musicians for the band Neon. When Smith split from Tears for Fears in 1991, Orzabal continued with the assistance of Alan Griffiths, formerly of Apartment and The Escape.


Panic Office:A four piece progressive outfit formed in 2004 with members from Bristol and the surrounding area.

Pigbag: Post punk/funk band from Cheltenham (1980–1983). They included ex-The Pop Group bassist, Simon Underwood. Scored an UK #3 hit with their 1982 single ‘Papa’s Got A Brand New Pigbag’.

Pigsty Hill Light Orchestra: Folk/Scrumpy and Western band (1968–1979, 1988–1992). An eccentric band formed in early 1968 to play a fusion of comedy, jazz, and folk music, they also featured an eclectic mix of instruments, some of them home-made, such as the egg-cupaphone and the ballcockaphone.

They also provided backing for Fred Wedlock on his album, The Folker. They disbanded in 1979, but in 1988 reformed with singer Hannah Wedlock (Fred’s daughter). Barry Back, who had been the driving force behind the "Piggies" reunion, died in 1992 and they disbanded for good, shortly after.

The bands unusual name is derived from a location in Bristol, the section of Gloucester Road between the old Bristol North swimming baths and Horfield Prison.

The Pop Group: Post punk band with jazz influences (1978–1981). Featuring singer Mark Stewart, Gareth Sager and Dan Catis (who replaced Simon Underwood). The band split in 1981, after legal wranglings and internal disagreements. Members of the group went on to form bands including Pigbag, Maximum Joy, Head and Rip Rig & Panic.

Portishead: Trip-Hop band and purveyors of the Bristol Sound (1991–present). Consists of Geoff Barrow, Beth Gibbons and Adrian Utley. Their 1994 debut album Dummy reached #2 on the UK Album Chart and won the 1995 Mercury Prize.


Quinton:Indie band, made up of ex-members of Brilliant Corners and Hugo Morgan who later went on to join The Heads. They released the album Propeller on local label PopGod Records, in 1990.


Reprazent:Drum and bass collective founded by Roni Size. Apart from Roni Size, original members included DJ Die, DJ Suv, Krust, Onallee, Dynamite MC Si John and Rob Merrill. They won the Mercury Prize for their album “New Forms” in 1997.

Rip Rig & Panic:Post punk band (1981–1983). Fronted by Andrea Oliver, its members included singer Neneh Cherry, Sean Oliver, Mark Springer, and Gareth Sager and Bruce Smith (both from The Pop Group). The band notably made a guest appearance in an episode of the British sitcom The Young Ones performing their 1982 single ‘You’re My Kind of Climate’.


Santa Cruz:Pioneering Bristol indie band formally known as Rorschach. Released critically acclaimed LP Way Out in 1997.

Andy Sheppard: Jazz saxophonist and composer (b.1957). In the mid–1980’s he was often to be heard playing on the Bristol-based Old Profanity Showboat of Ki Longfellow-Stanshall and Vivian Stanshall.

Nick Sheppard: Guitarist and songwriter (b.1960). Came to prominence at the age of 16 with punk band The Cortinas, with recordings on Step Forward Records and CBS. After they disbanded he was a member of The Viceroys and The Spics. After The Clash sacked Mick Jones in 1983, Sheppard toured America and Europe with them and played on their final album ‘Cut the Crap’. He then joined up with Gareth Sager to form Head. In 1993 he emigrated to Perth, Australia, where he has played with a number of bands.

Shoes for Industry: Crystal Theatres’ anarchic “house band”. Fried Egg Records was formed to release their 2 singles, and an album called ‘Talk Like A Whelk’. Their singer P. B. Davies provided the ‘Ideas Are Animals’ quintet of tracks on Bristol Recorder 3, he also performs at the Edinburgh Fringe and writes for radio.

Roni Size: Ryan Williams (Roni Size) is a music producer and DJ (b.1969). He came to prominence in 1997 as the founder and leader of Reprazent, a drum and bass collective. They won the Mercury Prize for their album “New Forms” in 1997.

Curt Smith: Musician and songwriter (b.1961, Bath). Best known for his work with Roland Orzabal as Tears for Fears. Smith and Orzabal met as teenagers and formed their first band at school, then went on to form the ska influenced Graduate. They were also session musicians for the band Neon. Smith has released 3 albums as a solo artist, the last 2 in association with guitarist-producer Charlton Pettus.

Smith & Mighty: Drum & Bass/Trip-Hop duo (1987–present), consisting of Rob Smith and Ray Mighty, with Peter D Rose. Their early work included breakbeat versions of "Walk on By" and "Anyone Who Had a Heart", by Burt Bacharach/Hal David.

Sneaky Bat Machine: Cybergoth band (1997–2000). The band consisted of Sneakybat (aka Ross Tregenza), Evil C (aka Crash 303, aka Clive Lewis), and Maxislag (aka Max Niblock). In 2000 the band changed its name (to Goteki), and it’s musical direction to ‘lo-fi phuturists’. They released a number of albums before disbanding in 2006.

Specimen: A Glam Goth band (1980-1985 & 2006–present). Guitarist/vocalist Jon Klein was formerly in the band Europeans, and later went on to work with Siouxie & the Banshees. Although their record output was not prolific, they are credited as one of the pioneers of the Gothic movement.

The Spics: Short lived Big-Band, notable members included Nick Sheppard on guitar, Thomas Brooman on drums and Wendy and Sarah Partridge on backing vocals. John Shennan later joined Joe Public and John Carley formed The Radicals, both bands released tracks on The Bristol Recorder. Leader Mike Crawford went onto record solo material and an Apache Dropout LP. The Spics released their only single ‘You and Me/Bus Stop’ on Wavelength Records in 1981.

Stackridge: The band mix folk, pop and progressive rock with quirky humour (1969–1976, 1999–2000, 2007–present). Formed by Andy Davis and James "Crun" Walter, their debut single was Dora the Female Explorer. They played the first and last notes at the first ever Glastonbury Festival in 1970. James Warren and Andy Davis went on to form The Korgis.

Stanton Warriors: Breakbeat duo Dominic Butler and Mark Yardley (1997–present). They are a DJ and producer team of Breakbeat electronic dance music. Their name was originally conceived from one of the warriors tripping over a "Stanton Warrior" draincover on Tower Bridge, London.

Startled Insects: Synthpop/Rock band (1983–1996). Originally a collective of three producers/multi-instrumentalists (Tim Norfolk, Bob Locke and Richard Grassby-Lewis), they were commissioned by the BBC to produce music for 2 of their wildlife documentaries. In 1996 Richard Grassby-Lewis officially left the band and the remaining two members renamed themselves The Insects.

Stereo Models: New wave band (1971–1981). The Stereo Models song ‘Move Fast-Stay Ahead, released on the Bristol compilation album Avon Calling in 1979.

Mark Stewart: Vocalist, songwriter, and pioneer of industrial hip-hop (b.1960). Founding member of The Pop Group, after their split in 1981 he recorded as a solo artist, and with The Maffia. He has been a major influence on Bristol’s eclectic music scene where he blended diverse genres of dub, funk, punk, techno, and electro noise along with political lyrics.

The Stingrays: New Wave/Rockabilly band ((1977-current). The dynamic line-up included, amongst others: Russ Mainwaring , Chris Bostock, Sean McLuskey (Subway Sect, JoBoxers, If?), and Bill Stair (Art Objects, Various Artists, The Blue Aeroplanes). Current Line up is Russ Mainwaring (guitar/vocals), Paul Matthews (bass) and Richard H. Meredith (drums).

Strangelove: Alternative Rock Band (1991–1998). The initial line up was: Patrick Duff (vocals, guitar), Alex Lee (guitar, keyboards), Julian Pransky-Poole (guitar), Joe Allen (bass) and David Francolini (drums). Francolini played two gigs with the band, before being replaced by John Langley, then Nick Powell (keyboards) joined in late 1995. Their 1996 single ‘Beautiful Alone’ reached #34 in the UK Chart.

Steve Street: Bassist with Europeans, and later joined Apartment, then briefly Interview. He recorded demos at his studio (GBH) for The Pop Group and the Glaxo Babies, and subsequently went on to engineer and produce a number of other Bristol based bands including Electric Guitars, The X-Certs, Vice Squad and The Blue Aeroplanes. He was also worked with other bands like Tears for Fears. He currently works for Sugar Shack Records and Bristol Archive Records.

The Struts: Punk band (1977). Adrian Hulbert (vocals) Nick Rippington (guitar/vocals) Geoff Fulton (bass) Kevin Norton (drums).Possibly the first punk band from Yate and Winterbourne.


Talisman: Multi-racial Reggae Band who provided Recreational Records with their very first single and UK Indie Chart hit (#17). Dole Age also became Single of the Week and the Record Sleeve of the Year in the NME. In 1982 as well as playing the Glastonbury Festival, they were the opening act for The Rolling Stones concert at Ashton Gate, Bristol.

Jane Taylor: Bristol-based guitarist, pianist, songwriter and vocalist. Jane won the UK and International Songwriting Competition in 2003 with her song "Blowing This Candle Out". She releases recordings on her own Bicycle Records.

Tears for Fears: Pop rock duo from Bath (1981–present). Formed by Roland Orzabal and Curt Smith after the break up of New Wave/Mod revival band Graduate. They were initially called History of Headaches, but the change in name was inspired by the Primal Therapy theory, developed by the American psychologist Arthur Janov; in ‘Prisoners of Pain’ (1980) Janov suggested “tears as a replacement from fears”.

The Third Eye Foundation: Electronic music band (1996–2001). Matt Elliott produced and recorded under the name The Third Eye Foundation until 2001. He worked with bands including Hood, Yann Tiersen, Mogwai, Ulver, Tarwater, The Pastels, Navigator, Urchin, Suncoil Sect, Remote Viewer, Thurston Moore, primarily as a remixer. In 2001 a compilation of his remixes was released called ‘I Poo Poo on Your JuJu’, which included a collaboration with Bristolian satirist Chris Morris.

Tricky: Adrian Nicholas M. Thaws is a Trip-Hop rapper, lyricist, musician, producer and actor (b. 1968). Originally involved with The Wild Bunch and Massive Attack, his 1995 debut album Maxinquaye was nominated for the Mercury Prize (but lost out to fellow Bristolian band Portishead), however it was voted Album of the Year by NME Magazine.

Two in a boat: Acoustic duo from Knowle. Recent winners of Live and Unsigned 2010, they will be performing at Glastonbury festival later this year.


The Untouchables: R’n’B band in the Dr. Feelgood model, so much so that Wilko Johnson produced their single ‘Keep On Walking/Keep Your Distance’ for Fried Egg. Most of the members were barely in their teens when they formed the band. Post break-up the vocalist Jerry Tremaine was filmed by Julien Temple singing with the original Feelgood line-up at Southend on 9 May 2008, as part of the annual Lee Brilleaux memorial.

Up, Bustle and Out: Musicians and recording artists (1994–present), consisting of DJ D. "Ein" Fell (also known as Clandestine Ein) and producer-performer Rupert Mould (also known as Sêenor Roody). Their music combines jazz, hip-hop and funk, but with distinctly South American and Cuban influences. They have released a number of albums and singles on the Ninja Tune independent record label.


Various Artists: Pop band fronted by Jonjo Key, brother Robin Key, bassist Christian Clarke and drummer John Langley. Released a track on Avon Calling, a Fried Egg Records single and the ‘Solo Album’ LP on their own label. Jonjo and Robin later became Either/Or and released a single in Holland before signing to Virgin Records as Lovetrain and releasing a LP and 3 singles. Jonjo, Robin and John were also, at one time or another, members of Art Objects.

Vice Squad: Punk band (1978-1985 & 1997–present). The original group formed from two other local punk bands: The Contingent and TV Brakes, and included songwriter, vocalist and Punk Pin-Up Beki Bondage. They set up Riot City Records with Simon Edwards, and it became one of the major punk labels of the era. Their 1981 debut single "Last Rockers" sold over 20,000 copies.

The Viceroys: Rock band including Nick Sheppard and Mike Crawford, their only release was ‘Angels in the Rain’ on the Fried Egg World Tour EP, which was sold exclusively at gigs. The Spics went on to play ‘Angels in the Rain’ at their very last appearance, on the BBC West TV arts show RPM.

Andrew Vowles: DJ and songwriter (b.1967). Originally in The Wild Bunch and founding member of Massive Attack. He left Massive Attack shortly after the release of their 1998 album, ‘Mezzanine’, due to profound differences of opinion in the direction the band should go. His nickname "Mushroom" comes from the arcade game, Centipede. The game was installed at Special K’s Cafe, a popular hang-out spot in the mid 1980s for The Wild Bunch.


Nick Warren:is an English house DJ and producer. He is well-known for his eight albums released in the Global Underground series and as a member of the duo Way Out West. He is head of A&R for the progressive house and breaks record label Hope Recordings.

Way Out West: House, trance and progressive breaks duo (1994–present). They are producers and DJs Jody Wisternoff and Nick Warren. Their song ‘Don’t Forget Me’ has been featured in season two of Grey’s Anatomy, ‘Melt’ was used in The O.C., and a loop of their song ‘The Gift’ is used for the title theme on the MTV show True Life.

Fred Wedlock: Folk and Scrumpy and Western singer (1942–2010). Former teacher who took up music full time in the 1970s, and best known for his 1981 UK hit single, "The Oldest Swinger In Town".

Ben Westbeech: DJ, singer and producer originating from Bristol. He trained as a cellist and vocalist, and his influences include House, Rock n Roll, punk, jazz and hip hop. He has appeared on Later… with Jools Holland alongside Paul McCartney and Björk.

Wild Beasts: R’n’B band, only released the one single, ‘Minimum Maximum/Another Man’ on Fried Egg Records in 1979. Bassist and vocalist Andy Franks became a Tour Manager for Depeche Mode and drummer Ken Wheeler became a producer and ran Sound Conception recording studios.

The Wild Bunch: Proto-Bristol Sound (Trip-Hop) sound system based in the St Pauls district of Bristol (1983–1986). Notable members included at one time or another were: Nellee Hooper, Tricky, and the trio Robert Del Naja (3D), Grant Marshall (Daddy G) and Andrew Vowles (Mushroom) who went on to form Massive Attack.

Jody Wisternoff: is best known as one half of the Bristol progressive house duo Way Out West and as a producer of dance music spanning early 90s hardcore to electro house.

The Wurzels: Scrumpy and Western band (1966–present). Formed as a backing group for, and by, singer/songwriter Adge Cutler. They continued after Cutlers’ death in 1974 and are probably best known for their 1976 UK #1 hit ‘The Combine Harvester’.

Robert Wyatt: Percussionist, singer, and composer (b.1945). Founding member of the influential Canterbury scene band Soft Machine. As well as his band and solo work, he has also been a prolific collaborator with other musicians. The Tears for Fears song "I Believe" from ‘Songs from the Big Chair’ (1985) is dedicated to Wyatt.


The X-Certs: Punk band that later diverged into reggae (1978–1981). Included guitarist Chris Bostock and bassist Phil Lovering (later of Disorder). They had a track on Heartbeat Records 1979’s 4 Alternatives EP (Pulse 4), the 1980 Avon Calling LP, two tracks on the Bristol Recorder 2 and the 1981 single ‘Together/Untogether’ on Recreational Records.

Can you add anymore to the list?