Monthly Archives: February 2017

Trendy Correct Credit score Report Errors images

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A few nice correct credit report errors images I found:

Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center: B-29 Superfortress “Enola Gay” panorama
correct credit report errors
Image by Chris Devers
Quoting Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum | Boeing B-29 Superfortress "Enola Gay":

Boeing’s B-29 Superfortress was the most sophisticated propeller-driven bomber of World War II and the first bomber to house its crew in pressurized compartments. Although designed to fight in the European theater, the B-29 found its niche on the other side of the globe. In the Pacific, B-29s delivered a variety of aerial weapons: conventional bombs, incendiary bombs, mines, and two nuclear weapons.

On August 6, 1945, this Martin-built B-29-45-MO dropped the first atomic weapon used in combat on Hiroshima, Japan. Three days later, Bockscar (on display at the U.S. Air Force Museum near Dayton, Ohio) dropped a second atomic bomb on Nagasaki, Japan. Enola Gay flew as the advance weather reconnaissance aircraft that day. A third B-29, The Great Artiste, flew as an observation aircraft on both missions.

Transferred from the United States Air Force.

Manufacturer:
Boeing Aircraft Co.
Martin Co., Omaha, Nebr.

Date:
1945

Country of Origin:
United States of America

Dimensions:
Overall: 900 x 3020cm, 32580kg, 4300cm (29ft 6 5/16in. x 99ft 1in., 71825.9lb., 141ft 15/16in.)

Materials:
Polished overall aluminum finish

Physical Description:
Four-engine heavy bomber with semi-monoqoque fuselage and high-aspect ratio wings. Polished aluminum finish overall, standard late-World War II Army Air Forces insignia on wings and aft fuselage and serial number on vertical fin; 509th Composite Group markings painted in black; "Enola Gay" in black, block letters on lower left nose.

Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center: P-38 Lightning, with B-29 Enola Gay behind it
correct credit report errors
Image by Chris Devers

See more photos of this, and the Wikipedia article.

Details, quoting from Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum | Lockheed P-38J-10-LO Lightning

In the P-38 Lockheed engineer Clarence "Kelly" Johnson and his team of designers created one of the most successful twin-engine fighters ever flown by any nation. From 1942 to 1945, U. S. Army Air Forces pilots flew P-38s over Europe, the Mediterranean, and the Pacific, and from the frozen Aleutian Islands to the sun-baked deserts of North Africa. Lightning pilots in the Pacific theater downed more Japanese aircraft than pilots flying any other Allied warplane.

Maj. Richard I. Bong, America’s leading fighter ace, flew this P-38J-10-LO on April 16, 1945, at Wright Field, Ohio, to evaluate an experimental method of interconnecting the movement of the throttle and propeller control levers. However, his right engine exploded in flight before he could conduct the experiment.

Transferred from the United States Air Force.

Manufacturer:
Lockheed Aircraft Company

Date:
1943

Country of Origin:
United States of America

Dimensions:
Overall: 390 x 1170cm, 6345kg, 1580cm (12ft 9 9/16in. x 38ft 4 5/8in., 13988.2lb., 51ft 10 1/16in.)

Materials:
All-metal

Physical Description:
Twin-tail boom and twin-engine fighter; tricycle landing gear.

Long Description:
From 1942 to 1945, the thunder of P-38 Lightnings was heard around the world. U. S. Army pilots flew the P-38 over Europe, the Mediterranean, and the Pacific; from the frozen Aleutian Islands to the sun-baked deserts of North Africa. Measured by success in combat, Lockheed engineer Clarence "Kelly" Johnson and a team of designers created the most successful twin-engine fighter ever flown by any nation. In the Pacific Theater, Lightning pilots downed more Japanese aircraft than pilots flying any other Army Air Forces warplane.

Johnson and his team conceived this twin-engine, single-pilot fighter airplane in 1936 and the Army Air Corps authorized the firm to build it in June 1937. Lockheed finished constructing the prototype XP-38 and delivered it to the Air Corps on New Year’s Day, 1939. Air Corps test pilot and P-38 project officer, Lt. Benjamin S. Kelsey, first flew the aircraft on January 27. Losing this prototype in a crash at Mitchel Field, New York, with Kelsey at the controls, did not deter the Air Corps from ordering 13 YP-38s for service testing on April 27. Kelsey survived the crash and remained an important part of the Lightning program. Before the airplane could be declared ready for combat, Lockheed had to block the effects of high-speed aerodynamic compressibility and tail buffeting, and solve other problems discovered during the service tests.

The most vexing difficulty was the loss of control in a dive caused by aerodynamic compressibility. During late spring 1941, Air Corps Major Signa A. Gilke encountered serious trouble while diving his Lightning at high-speed from an altitude of 9,120 m (30,000 ft). When he reached an indicated airspeed of about 515 kph (320 mph), the airplane’s tail began to shake violently and the nose dropped until the dive was almost vertical. Signa recovered and landed safely and the tail buffet problem was soon resolved after Lockheed installed new fillets to improve airflow where the cockpit gondola joined the wing center section. Seventeen months passed before engineers began to determine what caused the Lightning’s nose to drop. They tested a scale model P-38 in the Ames Laboratory wind tunnel operated by the NACA (National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics) and found that shock waves formed when airflow over the wing leading edges reached transonic speeds. The nose drop and loss of control was never fully remedied but Lockheed installed dive recovery flaps under each wing in 1944. These devices slowed the P-38 enough to allow the pilot to maintain control when diving at high-speed.

Just as the development of the North American P-51 Mustang, Republic P-47 Thunderbolt, and the Vought F4U Corsair (see NASM collection for these aircraft) pushed the limits of aircraft performance into unexplored territory, so too did P-38 development. The type of aircraft envisioned by the Lockheed design team and Air Corps strategists in 1937 did not appear until June 1944. This protracted shakedown period mirrors the tribulations suffered by Vought in sorting out the many technical problems that kept F4U Corsairs off U. S. Navy carrier decks until the end of 1944.

Lockheed’s efforts to trouble-shoot various problems with the design also delayed high-rate, mass production. When Japan attacked Pearl Harbor, the company had delivered only 69 Lightnings to the Army. Production steadily increased and at its peak in 1944, 22 sub-contractors built various Lightning components and shipped them to Burbank, California, for final assembly. Consolidated-Vultee (Convair) subcontracted to build the wing center section and the firm later became prime manufacturer for 2,000 P-38Ls but that company’s Nashville plant completed only 113 examples of this Lightning model before war’s end. Lockheed and Convair finished 10,038 P-38 aircraft including 500 photo-reconnaissance models. They built more L models, 3,923, than any other version.

To ease control and improve stability, particularly at low speeds, Lockheed equipped all Lightnings, except a batch ordered by Britain, with propellers that counter-rotated. The propeller to the pilot’s left turned counter-clockwise and the propeller to his right turned clockwise, so that one propeller countered the torque and airflow effects generated by the other. The airplane also performed well at high speeds and the definitive P-38L model could make better than 676 kph (420 mph) between 7,600 and 9,120 m (25,000 and 30,000 ft). The design was versatile enough to carry various combinations of bombs, air-to-ground rockets, and external fuel tanks. The multi-engine configuration reduced the Lightning loss-rate to anti-aircraft gunfire during ground attack missions. Single-engine airplanes equipped with power plants cooled by pressurized liquid, such as the North American P-51 Mustang (see NASM collection), were particularly vulnerable. Even a small nick in one coolant line could cause the engine to seize in a matter of minutes.

The first P-38s to reach the Pacific combat theater arrived on April 4, 1942, when a version of the Lightning that carried reconnaissance cameras (designated the F-4), joined the 8th Photographic Squadron based in Australia. This unit launched the first P-38 combat missions over New Guinea and New Britain during April. By May 29, the first 25 P-38s had arrived in Anchorage, Alaska. On August 9, pilots of the 343rd Fighter Group, Eleventh Air Force, flying the P-38E, shot down a pair of Japanese flying boats.

Back in the United States, Army Air Forces leaders tried to control a rumor that Lightnings killed their own pilots. On August 10, 1942, Col. Arthur I. Ennis, Chief of U. S. Army Air Forces Public Relations in Washington, told a fellow officer "… Here’s what the 4th Fighter [training] Command is up against… common rumor out there that the whole West Coast was filled with headless bodies of men who jumped out of P-38s and had their heads cut off by the propellers." Novice Lightning pilots unfamiliar with the correct bailout procedures actually had more to fear from the twin-boom tail, if an emergency dictated taking to the parachute but properly executed, Lightning bailouts were as safe as parachuting from any other high-performance fighter of the day. Misinformation and wild speculation about many new aircraft was rampant during the early War period.

Along with U. S. Navy Grumman F4F Wildcats (see NASM collection) and Curtiss P-40 Warhawks (see NASM collection), Lightnings were the first American fighter airplanes capable of consistently defeating Japanese fighter aircraft. On November 18, men of the 339th Fighter Squadron became the first Lightning pilots to attack Japanese fighters. Flying from Henderson Field on Guadalcanal, they claimed three during a mission to escort Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress bombers (see NASM collection).

On April 18, 1943, fourteen P-38 pilots from the 70th and the 339th Fighter Squadrons, 347th Fighter Group, accomplished one of the most important Lightning missions of the war. American ULTRA cryptanalysts had decoded Japanese messages that revealed the timetable for a visit to the front by the commander of the Imperial Japanese Navy, Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto. This charismatic leader had crafted the plan to attack Pearl Harbor and Allied strategists believed his loss would severely cripple Japanese morale. The P-38 pilots flew 700 km (435 miles) at heights from 3-15 m (10-50 feet) above the ocean to avoid detection. Over the coast of Bougainville, they intercepted a formation of two Mitsubishi G4M BETTY bombers (see NASM collection) carrying the Admiral and his staff, and six Mitsubishi A6M Zero fighters (see NASM collection) providing escort. The Lightning pilots downed both bombers but lost Lt. Ray Hine to a Zero.

In Europe, the first Americans to down a Luftwaffe aircraft were Lt. Elza E. Shahan flying a 27th Fighter Squadron P-38E, and Lt. J. K. Shaffer flying a Curtiss P-40 (see NASM collection) in the 33rd Fighter Squadron. The two flyers shared the destruction of a Focke-Wulf Fw 200C-3 Condor maritime strike aircraft over Iceland on August 14, 1942. Later that month, the 1st fighter group accepted Lightnings and began combat operations from bases in England but this unit soon moved to fight in North Africa. More than a year passed before the P-38 reappeared over Western Europe. While the Lightning was absent, U. S. Army Air Forces strategists had relearned a painful lesson: unescorted bombers cannot operate successfully in the face of determined opposition from enemy fighters. When P-38s returned to England, the primary mission had become long-range bomber escort at ranges of about 805 kms (500 miles) and at altitudes above 6,080 m (20,000 ft).

On October 15, 1943, P-38H pilots in the 55th Fighter Group flew their first combat mission over Europe at a time when the need for long-range escorts was acute. Just the day before, German fighter pilots had destroyed 60 of 291 Eighth Air Force B-17 Flying Fortresses (see NASM collection) during a mission to bomb five ball-bearing plants at Schweinfurt, Germany. No air force could sustain a loss-rate of nearly 20 percent for more than a few missions but these targets lay well beyond the range of available escort fighters (Republic P-47 Thunderbolt, see NASM collection). American war planners hoped the long-range capabilities of the P-38 Lightning could halt this deadly trend, but the very high and very cold environment peculiar to the European air war caused severe power plant and cockpit heating difficulties for the Lightning pilots. The long-range escort problem was not completely solved until the North American P-51 Mustang (see NASM collection) began to arrive in large numbers early in 1944.

Poor cockpit heating in the H and J model Lightnings made flying and fighting at altitudes that frequently approached 12,320 m (40,000 ft) nearly impossible. This was a fundamental design flaw that Kelly Johnson and his team never anticipated when they designed the airplane six years earlier. In his seminal work on the Allison V-1710 engine, Daniel Whitney analyzed in detail other factors that made the P-38 a disappointing airplane in combat over Western Europe.

• Many new and inexperienced pilots arrived in England during December 1943, along with the new J model P-38 Lightning.

• J model rated at 1,600 horsepower vs. 1,425 for earlier H model Lightnings. This power setting required better maintenance between flights. It appears this work was not done in many cases.

• During stateside training, Lightning pilots were taught to fly at high rpm settings and low engine manifold pressure during cruise flight. This was very hard on the engines, and not in keeping with technical directives issued by Allison and Lockheed.

• The quality of fuel in England may have been poor, TEL (tetraethyl lead) fuel additive appeared to condense inside engine induction manifolds, causing detonation (destructive explosion of fuel mixture rather than controlled burning).

• Improved turbo supercharger intercoolers appeared on the J model P-38. These devices greatly reduced manifold temperatures but this encouraged TEL condensation in manifolds during cruise flight and increased spark plug fouling.

Using water injection to minimize detonation might have reduced these engine problems. Both the Republic P-47 Thunderbolt and the North American P-51 Mustang (see NASM collection) were fitted with water injection systems but not the P-38. Lightning pilots continued to fly, despite these handicaps.

During November 1942, two all-Lightning fighter groups, the 1st and the 14th, began operating in North Africa. In the Mediterranean Theater, P-38 pilots flew more sorties than Allied pilots flying any other type of fighter. They claimed 608 enemy a/c destroyed in the air, 123 probably destroyed and 343 damaged, against the loss of 131 Lightnings.

In the war against Japan, the P-38 truly excelled. Combat rarely occurred above 6,080 m (20,000 ft) and the engine and cockpit comfort problems common in Europe never plagued pilots in the Pacific Theater. The Lightning’s excellent range was used to full advantage above the vast expanses of water. In early 1945, Lightning pilots of the 12th Fighter Squadron, 18th Fighter Group, flew a mission that lasted 10 ½ hours and covered more than 3,220 km (2,000 miles). In August, P-38 pilots established the world’s long-distance record for a World War II combat fighter when they flew from the Philippines to the Netherlands East Indies, a distance of 3,703 km (2,300 miles). During early 1944, Lightning pilots in the 475th Fighter Group began the ‘race of aces.’ By March, Lieutenant Colonel Thomas J. Lynch had scored 21 victories before he fell to antiaircraft gunfire while strafing enemy ships. Major Thomas B. McGuire downed 38 Japanese aircraft before he was killed when his P-38 crashed at low altitude in early January 1945. Major Richard I. Bong became America’s highest scoring fighter ace (40 victories) but died in the crash of a Lockheed P-80 (see NASM collection) on August 6, 1945.

Museum records show that Lockheed assigned the construction number 422-2273 to the National Air and Space Museum’s P-38. The Army Air Forces accepted this Lightning as a P-38J-l0-LO on November 6, 1943, and the service identified the airplane with the serial number 42-67762. Recent investigations conducted by a team of specialists at the Paul E. Garber Facility, and Herb Brownstein, a volunteer in the Aeronautics Division at the National Air and Space Museum, have revealed many hitherto unknown aspects to the history of this aircraft.

Brownstein examined NASM files and documents at the National Archives. He discovered that a few days after the Army Air Forces (AAF) accepted this airplane, the Engineering Division at Wright Field in Dayton, Ohio, granted Lockheed permission to convert this P-38 into a two-seat trainer. The firm added a seat behind the pilot to accommodate an instructor who would train civilian pilots in instrument flying techniques. Once trained, these test pilots evaluated new Lightnings fresh off the assembly line.

In a teletype sent by the Engineering Division on March 2, 1944, Brownstein also discovered that this P-38 was released to Colonel Benjamin S. Kelsey from March 3 to April 10, 1944, to conduct special tests. This action was confirmed the following day in a cable from the War Department. This same pilot, then a Lieutenant, flew the XP-38 across the United States in 1939 and survived the crash that destroyed this Lightning at Mitchel Field, New York. In early 1944, Kelsey was assigned to the Eighth Air Force in England and he apparently traveled to the Lockheed factory at Burbank to pick up the P-38. Further information about these tests and Kelsey’s involvement remain an intriguing question.

One of Brownstein’s most important discoveries was a small file rich with information about the NASM Lightning. This file contained a cryptic reference to a "Major Bong" who flew the NASM P-38 on April 16, 1945, at Wright Field. Bong had planned to fly for an hour to evaluate an experimental method of interconnecting the movement of the throttle and propeller control levers. His flight ended after twenty-minutes when "the right engine blew up before I had a chance [to conduct the test]." The curator at the Richard I. Bong Heritage Center confirmed that America’s highest scoring ace made this flight in the NASM P-38 Lightning.

Working in Building 10 at the Paul E. Garber Facility, Rob Mawhinney, Dave Wilson, Wil Lee, Bob Weihrauch, Jim Purton, and Heather Hutton spent several months during the spring and summer of 2001 carefully disassembling, inspecting, and cleaning the NASM Lightning. They found every hardware modification consistent with a model J-25 airplane, not the model J-10 painted in the data block beneath the artifact’s left nose. This fact dovetails perfectly with knowledge uncovered by Brownstein. On April 10, the Engineering Division again cabled Lockheed asking the company to prepare 42-67762 for transfer to Wright Field "in standard configuration." The standard P-38 configuration at that time was the P-38J-25. The work took several weeks and the fighter does not appear on Wright Field records until May 15, 1944. On June 9, the Flight Test Section at Wright Field released the fighter for flight trials aimed at collecting pilot comments on how the airplane handled.

Wright Field’s Aeromedical Laboratory was the next organization involved with this P-38. That unit installed a kit on July 26 that probably measured the force required to move the control wheel left and right to actuate the power-boosted ailerons installed in all Lightnings beginning with version J-25. From August 12-16, the Power Plant Laboratory carried out tests to measure the hydraulic pump temperatures on this Lightning. Then beginning September 16 and lasting about ten days, the Bombing Branch, Armament Laboratory, tested type R-3 fragmentation bomb racks. The work appears to have ended early in December. On June 20, 1945, the AAF Aircraft Distribution Office asked that the Air Technical Service Command transfer the Lightning from Wright Field to Altus Air Force Base, Oklahoma, a temporary holding area for Air Force museum aircraft. The P-38 arrived at the Oklahoma City Air Depot on June 27, 1945, and mechanics prepared the fighter for flyable storage.

Airplane Flight Reports for this Lightning also describe the following activities and movements:

6-21-45 Wright Field, Ohio, 5.15 hours of flying.
6-22-45Wright Field, Ohio, .35 minutes of flying by Lt. Col. Wendel [?] J. Kelley and P. Shannon.
6-25-45Altus, Oklahoma, .55 hours flown, pilot P. Shannon.
6-27-45Altus, Oklahoma, #2 engine changed, 1.05 hours flown by Air Corps F/O Ralph F. Coady.
10-5-45 OCATSC-GCAAF (Garden City Army Air Field, Garden City, Kansas), guns removed and ballast added.
10-8-45Adams Field, Little Rock, Arkansas.
10-9-45Nashville, Tennessee,
5-28-46Freeman Field, Indiana, maintenance check by Air Corps Capt. H. M. Chadhowere [sp]?
7-24-46Freeman Field, Indiana, 1 hour local flight by 1st Lt. Charles C. Heckel.
7-31-46 Freeman Field, Indiana, 4120th AAF Base Unit, ferry flight to Orchard Place [Illinois] by 1st Lt. Charles C. Heckel.

On August 5, 1946, the AAF moved the aircraft to another storage site at the former Consolidated B-24 bomber assembly plant at Park Ridge, Illinois. A short time later, the AAF transferred custody of the Lightning and more than sixty other World War II-era airplanes to the Smithsonian National Air Museum. During the early 1950s, the Air Force moved these airplanes from Park Ridge to the Smithsonian storage site at Suitland, Maryland.

• • •

Quoting from Wikipedia | Lockheed P-38 Lightning:

The Lockheed P-38 Lightning was a World War II American fighter aircraft built by Lockheed. Developed to a United States Army Air Corps requirement, the P-38 had distinctive twin booms and a single, central nacelle containing the cockpit and armament. Named "fork-tailed devil" by the Luftwaffe and "two planes, one pilot" by the Japanese, the P-38 was used in a number of roles, including dive bombing, level bombing, ground-attack, photo reconnaissance missions, and extensively as a long-range escort fighter when equipped with drop tanks under its wings.

The P-38 was used most successfully in the Pacific Theater of Operations and the China-Burma-India Theater of Operations as the mount of America’s top aces, Richard Bong (40 victories) and Thomas McGuire (38 victories). In the South West Pacific theater, the P-38 was the primary long-range fighter of United States Army Air Forces until the appearance of large numbers of P-51D Mustangs toward the end of the war. The P-38 was unusually quiet for a fighter, the exhaust muffled by the turbo-superchargers. It was extremely forgiving, and could be mishandled in many ways, but the rate of roll was too slow for it to excel as a dogfighter. The P-38 was the only American fighter aircraft in production throughout American involvement in the war, from Pearl Harbor to Victory over Japan Day.

Variants: Lightning in maturity: P-38J

The P-38J was introduced in August 1943. The turbo-supercharger intercooler system on previous variants had been housed in the leading edges of the wings and had proven vulnerable to combat damage and could burst if the wrong series of controls were mistakenly activated. In the P-38J model, the streamlined engine nacelles of previous Lightnings were changed to fit the intercooler radiator between the oil coolers, forming a "chin" that visually distinguished the J model from its predecessors. While the P-38J used the same V-1710-89/91 engines as the H model, the new core-type intercooler more efficiently lowered intake manifold temperatures and permitted a substantial increase in rated power. The leading edge of the outer wing was fitted with 55 gal (208 l) fuel tanks, filling the space formerly occupied by intercooler tunnels, but these were omitted on early P-38J blocks due to limited availability.

The final 210 J models, designated P-38J-25-LO, alleviated the compressibility problem through the addition of a set of electrically-actuated dive recovery flaps just outboard of the engines on the bottom centerline of the wings. With these improvements, a USAAF pilot reported a dive speed of almost 600 mph (970 km/h), although the indicated air speed was later corrected for compressibility error, and the actual dive speed was lower. Lockheed manufactured over 200 retrofit modification kits to be installed on P-38J-10-LO and J-20-LO already in Europe, but the USAAF C-54 carrying them was shot down by an RAF pilot who mistook the Douglas transport for a German Focke-Wulf Condor. Unfortunately the loss of the kits came during Lockheed test pilot Tony LeVier‘s four-month morale-boosting tour of P-38 bases. Flying a new Lightning named "Snafuperman" modified to full P-38J-25-LO specs at Lockheed’s modification center near Belfast, LeVier captured the pilots’ full attention by routinely performing maneuvers during March 1944 that common Eighth Air Force wisdom held to be suicidal. It proved too little too late because the decision had already been made to re-equip with Mustangs.

The P-38J-25-LO production block also introduced hydraulically-boosted ailerons, one of the first times such a system was fitted to a fighter. This significantly improved the Lightning’s rate of roll and reduced control forces for the pilot. This production block and the following P-38L model are considered the definitive Lightnings, and Lockheed ramped up production, working with subcontractors across the country to produce hundreds of Lightnings each month.

Noted P-38 pilots

Richard Bong and Thomas McGuire

The American ace of aces and his closest competitor both flew Lightnings as they tallied 40 and 38 victories respectively. Majors Richard I. "Dick" Bong and Thomas J. "Tommy" McGuire of the USAAF competed for the top position. Both men were awarded the Medal of Honor.

McGuire was killed in air combat in January 1945 over the Philippines, after racking up 38 confirmed kills, making him the second-ranking American ace. Bong was rotated back to the United States as America’s ace of aces, after making 40 kills, becoming a test pilot. He was killed on 6 August 1945, the day the atomic bomb was dropped on Japan, when his P-80 Shooting Star jet fighter flamed out on takeoff.

Charles Lindbergh

The famed aviator Charles Lindbergh toured the South Pacific as a civilian contractor for United Aircraft Corporation, comparing and evaluating performance of single- and twin-engined fighters for Vought. He worked to improve range and load limits of the F4U Corsair, flying both routine and combat strafing missions in Corsairs alongside Marine pilots. In Hollandia, he attached himself to the 475th FG flying P-38s so that he could investigate the twin-engine fighter. Though new to the machine, he was instrumental in extending the range of the P-38 through improved throttle settings, or engine-leaning techniques, notably by reducing engine speed to 1,600 rpm, setting the carburetors for auto-lean and flying at 185 mph (298 km/h) indicated airspeed which reduced fuel consumption to 70 gal/h, about 2.6 mpg. This combination of settings had been considered dangerous; it was thought it would upset the fuel mixture and cause an explosion. Everywhere Lindbergh went in the South Pacific, he was accorded the normal preferential treatment of a visiting colonel, though he had resigned his Air Corps Reserve colonel’s commission three years before. While with the 475th, he held training classes and took part in a number of Army Air Corps combat missions. On 28 July 1944, Lindbergh shot down a Mitsubishi Ki-51 "Sonia" flown expertly by the veteran commander of 73rd Independent Flying Chutai, Imperial Japanese Army Captain Saburo Shimada. In an extended, twisting dogfight in which many of the participants ran out of ammunition, Shimada turned his aircraft directly toward Lindbergh who was just approaching the combat area. Lindbergh fired in a defensive reaction brought on by Shimada’s apparent head-on ramming attack. Hit by cannon and machine gun fire, the "Sonia’s" propeller visibly slowed, but Shimada held his course. Lindbergh pulled up at the last moment to avoid collision as the damaged "Sonia" went into a steep dive, hit the ocean and sank. Lindbergh’s wingman, ace Joseph E. "Fishkiller" Miller, Jr., had also scored hits on the "Sonia" after it had begun its fatal dive, but Miller was certain the kill credit was Lindbergh’s. The unofficial kill was not entered in the 475th’s war record. On 12 August 1944 Lindbergh left Hollandia to return to the United States.

Charles MacDonald

The seventh-ranking American ace, Charles H. MacDonald, flew a Lightning against the Japanese, scoring 27 kills in his famous aircraft, the Putt Putt Maru.

Robin Olds

Main article: Robin Olds

Robin Olds was the last P-38 ace in the Eighth Air Force and the last in the ETO. Flying a P-38J, he downed five German fighters on two separate missions over France and Germany. He subsequently transitioned to P-51s to make seven more kills. After World War II, he flew F-4 Phantom IIs in Vietnam, ending his career as brigadier general with 16 kills.

Clay Tice

A P-38 piloted by Clay Tice was the first American aircraft to land in Japan after VJ-Day, when he and his wingman set down on Nitagahara because his wingman was low on fuel.

Antoine de Saint-Exupéry

Noted aviation pioneer and writer Antoine de Saint-Exupéry vanished in a F-5B-1-LO, 42-68223, c/n 2734, of Groupe de Chasse II/33, out of Borgo-Porreta, Bastia, Corsica, a reconnaissance variant of the P-38, while on a flight over the Mediterranean, from Corsica to mainland France, on 31 July 1944. His health, both physical and mental (he was said to be intermittently subject to depression), had been deteriorating and there had been talk of taking him off flight status. There have been suggestions (although no proof to date) that this was a suicide rather than an aircraft failure or combat loss. In 2000, a French scuba diver found the wreckage of a Lightning in the Mediterranean off the coast of Marseille, and it was confirmed in April 2004 as Saint-Exupéry’s F-5B. No evidence of air combat was found. In March 2008, a former Luftwaffe pilot, Horst Rippert from Jagdgruppe 200, claimed to have shot down Saint-Exupéry.

Adrian Warburton

The RAF’s legendary photo-recon "ace", Wing Commander Adrian Warburton DSO DFC, was the pilot of a Lockheed P-38 borrowed from the USAAF that took off on 12 April 1944 to photograph targets in Germany. W/C Warburton failed to arrive at the rendezvous point and was never seen again. In 2003, his remains were recovered in Germany from his wrecked USAAF P-38 Lightning.

• • • • •

Quoting Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum | Boeing B-29 Superfortress "Enola Gay":

Boeing’s B-29 Superfortress was the most sophisticated propeller-driven bomber of World War II and the first bomber to house its crew in pressurized compartments. Although designed to fight in the European theater, the B-29 found its niche on the other side of the globe. In the Pacific, B-29s delivered a variety of aerial weapons: conventional bombs, incendiary bombs, mines, and two nuclear weapons.

On August 6, 1945, this Martin-built B-29-45-MO dropped the first atomic weapon used in combat on Hiroshima, Japan. Three days later, Bockscar (on display at the U.S. Air Force Museum near Dayton, Ohio) dropped a second atomic bomb on Nagasaki, Japan. Enola Gay flew as the advance weather reconnaissance aircraft that day. A third B-29, The Great Artiste, flew as an observation aircraft on both missions.

Transferred from the United States Air Force.

Manufacturer:
Boeing Aircraft Co.
Martin Co., Omaha, Nebr.

Date:
1945

Country of Origin:
United States of America

Dimensions:
Overall: 900 x 3020cm, 32580kg, 4300cm (29ft 6 5/16in. x 99ft 1in., 71825.9lb., 141ft 15/16in.)

Materials:
Polished overall aluminum finish

Physical Description:
Four-engine heavy bomber with semi-monoqoque fuselage and high-aspect ratio wings. Polished aluminum finish overall, standard late-World War II Army Air Forces insignia on wings and aft fuselage and serial number on vertical fin; 509th Composite Group markings painted in black; "Enola Gay" in black, block letters on lower left nose.

The Smart Consumer’s Guide to Buying a Used Car

Published / by webmaster

The new millennium has thus far been a decade of rampant consumer fraud. Shrewd companies and salespersons cook up new way to rip off the public on a daily, if not an hourly basis. Concealed collision damage, rolled-back odometers, “laundered lemon” cars, where the manufacturer has repurchased the vehicle under lemon laws and then neglected to disclose the car’s history to the next buyer, used cars sold as new – these are just a few areas where dealerships and manufacturers are frequently committing fraud against consumers. My firm, by the way, specializes in representing consumers who have purchased “lemon” vehicle or who have been the victims of car dealer fraud.

This short piece is designed to assist you in buying a used car, providing you with the proper tools to protect yourself from being ripped off on your next purchase. PLEASE PRINT THIS ARTICLE OFF AND CARRY IT WITH YOU WHEN YOU GO OUT TO PURCHASE YOUR NEXT USED CAR. SHOW IT TO THE USED CAR SALES-PERSON IF HE OR SHE BALKS AT PROVIDING YOU WITH ANY OF THE REQUIRED INFORMATION. I just purchased a used car with excellent results, and I am not an expert mechanic; rather, I’m just a shrewd consumer, which is an outgrowth of the fact that I’m a shrewd and effective consumer lawyer. The following tips, if followed, are much more likely to result in a satisfactory used car purchase.

BRENNAN’S EIGHT-POINT CHECKLIST OF REQUIREMENTS IN BUYING A USED CAR AND AVOIDING BECOMING THE VICTIM OF A FRAUD

1) Always insist on a warranty. “As-is” can easily be translated into legal jargon as, “You’re stuck, sucker.” Even a 30- or 10-day warranty is better than just “as-is”.

2) Insist that the dealer print on the warranty, in bold letters, “THIS CAR HAS BEEN INSPECTED FOR COLLISION DAMAGE AND COLLISION REPAIRS AND HAS BEEN FOUND TO BE FREE OF COLLISION DAMAGE OR REPAIRS.” This then becomes a part of the warranty.

3) Insist that the dealer prints on the warranty, in bold letters, “THIS CAR HAS NOT BEEN RETURNED TO A DEALER OR MANUFACTURER BECAUSE OF LEMON LAW DEFECTS OR COMPLAINTS.” If the dealer can run a warranty service print-out, insist that they do so and attach it to the warranty itself, with an additional message printed on the warranty: “THE ATTACHED WARRANTY SERVICE HISTORY REPRESENTS THE COMPLETE WARRANTY HISTORY FOR THIS CAR, ACCORDING TO ALL MANUFACTURER’S RECORDS.”

4) You will receive an odometer disclosure statement as part of the vehicle purchase. If there is any inscription on it such as “TMU” (stands for “true miles unknown”), watch out: this car’s odometer has probably been tampered with.

5) Insist upon a test drive of at least 10 miles. Insist on driving the car in varying road conditions: city streets, highway, straight and curvy roads both. Really shrewd consumers arrange to have a friendly professional mechanic, not affiliated with the selling dealership, to accompany them for the ride. Paying a friendly mechanic $ 50.00 to do the test-drive can spare you a lot of heartache later on.

6) Before you buy, have the car inspected by a non-dealer-affiliated professional mechanic. The friendly professional mechanic who accompanied you on the test drive should do just fine for this. Have the car thoroughly looked over, as you will probably be depending on the vehicle, especially for its safety and dependability, for the next several years. Later on, anything beyond routine maintenance expenses will prove galling, so know what you are getting into up front.

7) Do research. You may like the looks of the car, but it pays to check out the vehicle’s service record with Consumer Reports or on the Internet. See the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration site (search under “NHTSA”) for warranty, defect and repair information about any car you are considering buying.

8) Although they are controversial, I recommend buying an extended warranty, particularly if you intend on keeping the vehicle for a long time.

That’s the checklist, which should provide joy rather than grief in most cases. It’s your insurance policy, so print it out and carry it with you when you next make a used-car purchase. Check off each number as you complete that step of the list; then you’ll stand a much better chance of not becoming the victim of a fraud in a used car sale.

I will now explain some issues concerning the documentation normally accompanying a used-car sales transaction, including points to keep your eyes peeled for and some definite red flags that signal you not to buy that car.

All dealerships try to put off the documentation step for the end. Whenever I buy a used car, I insist that the documentation step be done first. In short, after I’ve become interested in a car, I want to see the documentation then and there, before I begin discussing sales terms. All dealers have “dealer jackets” containing all documents for each separate car on the lot. Review these papers first, and only then go for a test-drive and mechanical inspection.

At the time of the sales close, you can expect that the salesperson or a clerk will present you with a stack of fine-print documents which would take a week to read. No one – not even an experienced lawyer – can read all of those documents in a short time. However, you must at least glance at these documents, and keep an eye out for the following pertinent information:

The “Odometer Disclosure Statement”

This is a document required by federal law to accompany all sales of used cars. Read it, and make sure the dealership signs it, for by doing so the dealership is certifying that the actual miles on the car are accurately reflected on the odometer. If the “Odometer Disclosure Statement” has an entry such as “TMU” (which stands for “True Miles Unknown”), or “Actual Miles Unknown”, or any such entry, don’t buy the car! In all likelihood, the vehicle has more miles on it than what is actually showing on the odometer.

The “BUYER’S GUIDE”

The “Buyer’s Guide” is the window sticker on a used car which shows whether the car comes with a warranty. My firm suggestion to all used car buyers: only buy cars with warranties. Do not buy cars “as-is.” The salesperson will frequently tell you that some little old lady only drove the car to and from church, and that dealership knows the service history of the car because that’s where it was serviced, etc., etc.–it’s all a pile of prairie pickles. If you buy a car “as-is”, expect to be ripped off. Expect problems with the car. When a dealership sells a car “as-is, it is telling you clearly that it wants no further responsibility for the vehicle as soon as you drive it off the lot. And if the dealership doesn’t want any responsibility for the car, what does that tell you about the vehicle?

The moral of the story: buy cars with warranties, even if the warranty is for only 30 days. Warranties give you rights in case the car was sold to you fraudulently or it turns out to be a lemon. When you buy a car “as-is”, that may be the end of the line for you as far as pursuing any fraud or lemon-law claim.

The ‘Warranty History”

You have to request this, and you should request it. Many dealerships have access to the warranty history of the cars they sell, and particularly in the case of new car dealerships for the same make of vehicles. For example, if you are buying a used Chevy from an authorized Chevy dealership which services and sells new Chevys, then that dealership has computerized access to the warranty history of the car. This means that you can learn of any repairs done to that vehicle while it was under its original warranty. You can quickly learn if the car was a lemon by its warranty history.

If you don’t understand the “warranty history”, have some knowledgeable explain it to you. Make sure you understand it before you buy the car.

And, insist that the “warranty history” be attached to the warranty itself, with a representation that it represents the complete warranty history for that car. This then gives the consumer additional legal rights if it turns out the vehicle was sold fraudulently or it is a lemon.

“DISCLOSURE NOTICES”

If you are given anything called a “Disclosure Notice”, or the like, BEWARE!!! Read over all the documents to ensure that you are not being sold a recycled, or “laundered”, lemon. Anything called a “Disclosure Notice” which discusses the mechanical condition of the car is a red flag to back out of the deal and leave the dealership. You do not want to buy a “laundered lemon” – it will likely cost you more trouble than you ever imagined possible. In short, don’t buy a car if there’s any indication that it’s a “laundered lemon.”

The above, then, are the basic documents you must keep your eyes peeled for. In fact, for your own protection you must demand to see them. The dealership may not have the “warranty history”, but it should have all the others.

Robert F. Brennan, Esq. is a principal with Brennan, Wiener & Associates, an AV-rated law firm in La Crescenta, CA.  His firm specializes in consumer protection litigation, including lemon law, car dealer fraud and consumer class actions.  He can be reached through his website: http://brennanlaw.com

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Cool Find Card photos

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Some cool find card images:

May 27th 2008 – what is inside Cards
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Image by Stephen Poff
Finest number in explore # 5!

Today ended up being my first day back again to work after being on a break a week ago. I feel refreshed. Personally I think like We purged various demons. A valuable thing is.. I still have about virtually 3 weeks holiday left, among that will be used on a cruise! 😉

This didn’t emerge rather the way I was thinking, but here it’s none the less. It really is for the podcast mini challenge of "The Number 365"

When we started my project, I didn’t really know very well what I’d before me personally. It was actually just a straightforward little thing which was going to just take myself a-year to accomplish and that may additionally keep track of my hair thinning over that 12 months… i am just half joking. But we soon begun to recognize what it had been doing for me.

The 365 Days task pushed us to simply take a second go through the means I viewed myself in addition to globe around me. I discovered items that We both liked and disliked about myself and due to that I think I made some solid alternatives to improve my life.

The side advantage ended up being that I became becoming more imaginative and developing my abilities as a professional photographer. The work I became performing ended up being getting observed many it led to countless independent work and consequently I think, the job We have these days.

After getting hired to do the job and going to Montgomery, there was another side benefit, the 365 Group. In August, Mav discovered my stream and things have not been the same since. I met lots of friends and feel just like i have been able to give some a few of the items that I have learned… which can be acutely satisfying.

Will I continue following this 12 months is up? I’m not sure. We quit after my first year thinking that I had completed my brand new many years quality and that there was clearlyno real suggest doing it once more. But right here i will be 24 months later on with you again. This present year happens to be more about the photography and reconnecting with you guys that it has-been about self-discovery, but I’m discovering that I’m mastering a lot more about myself than in ’06… so we’ll see.

Moreover, i am simply glad that i’ve you guys surrounding this time. January to August 2006 ended up being a lonely time for 365.

Vile and Unspeakable
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Image by ewixx
I became sitting in my collection reading because of the dim light of a kerosene lamp when one thing uncommon occurred. My collection is very extensive (it is without a doubt so vast and labyrinthical that my manservant refuses to enter it having already been lost inside often times; the past time he ventured within he arrived on the scene with a look of profound horror on his face and has ever since refused to go inside once again; at that time I laughed at him — nevertheless now we share his fright) — substantial the collection is and I also have always been ever before toiling in order to complete registering every one of its hereditary treasures on collection cards. I need to. I cannot let these volumes decompose. Because of it seems to me personally your really soul for this great old residence is to be found involving the covers of the old volumes. As I was leafing through a really huge and apparently boring amount in Latin, an email dropped from the pages associated with book. Regarding rotting paper had been numerous notes and an object research of a strange fish. An instant evaluation at first proposed in my experience this had been an attempt to analyze and describe some strange specimen of fish that certain of my forefathers might have found using one of their journeys. And unusual it had been! Though it looked like a rather tiny seafood, it had just what looked disconcertingly like a person attention! And a frigthened one at that. Today it haunts my sleep plus truth i’ve perhaps not slept a wink because this cursed note landed before myself. When I close my eyes we note that seafood staring reproachfully at me personally! Maybe it had been maybe not, after all, anything experienced on a voyage to remote places. I am aware that my forefathers conducted numerous odd experiments within these wall space. But clearly they are unable to have dedicated these types of an unspeakable deed?

View here for a bigger view.

[All resources my very own, except a niche brush by Don Seegmiller]

Nice Bad Debt Card photos

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Some awesome negative credit card pictures:

Birmingham Bubbles
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< a href=" http://www.flickr.com/photos/7310714@N06/3450140478 "> Wootang01 9.4.09 The trip got here in a timely manner; and the twelve hrs while aboard passed swiftly as well as without case. To be sure, the high quality of the Cathay Pacific service was exemplary when again.

Heathrow advises me of Newark International. The décor comes right out of the clean and sterile 80’s as well as is less an eyesore than a subdued background to the rhythm of human task, such stress, at the fore. There absolutely are faces from all races existing, producing a rich mosaic of humanity which is revitalizing if not entirely rejuvenating after swimming for so lengthy in a sea of Chinese faces in Hong Kong.

Web gain access to is secured in England, it appears. Absolutely nothing is cost-free; whatever is egregiously monetized from the cordless hotspots down to the desktop terminals. I presume Hong Kong has actually ruined me with its bountiful, cost-free access to the info superhighway.

11.4.09 In spite of remaining in a room with five various other backpackers, I have been sleeping well. The bed mattress and cushion are company; my earplugs keep the noise out; and the resting quarters are as dark as a cavern when the lights are out, and also just as bright as, probably, a dreary wet day when on. In conclusion, St. Paul’s is an excellent place to remain for the gregarious, adventurous, as well as penurious city explorer – couchsurfing might be a tenable choice; I’ll test for following time.

Yesterday Connie and I stuffed ourselves at the borough market where there were all kinds of savory, savory victuals. There was most definitely a European flavor to the food fair: simmering sausages were to be discovered almost everywhere; and high as the meat abounded, and also genuine, so were the dairy specials, in the form of myriad rounds of cheese, stacked high behind checkered tabletops. Naturally, we cleaned these delicious nibbles with generous amounts of alcohol that streamed from cups as though brownish-yellow falls. For the very first time I tried mulled wine, which tasted like cozy, rancid fruit punch – the perfect restorative for a drizzling London day, I suppose. We later on eliminated the mid-day at the club, shooting the wind while imbibing a number of diminutive half-pints in the process. Obtaining shattered at 4 in the mid-day doesn’t appear like such a poor point anymore, especially when you are enjoying in the business of good friends; I could much more appreciate why the English do it so a lot!

Previously in the day, we saw the Tate Modern. Its generator room measured up to its prominent invoicing what with a gigantic crawler, full with round egg cavity, securing the retrospective display. The permanent galleries, as well, were a pleasure after which to feast one’s eyes. Picasso, Warhol and Pollock ruled the chambers of the top floors with the items of their supple wrists; and also I ended up coming to be a big fan of cubism, while creating a disdain for abstract art and its superficial pictures, which, I feel, are devoid of both inspiration and feeling.

My initial trip yesterday early morning was to Emirates Stadium, residence of the Collection Gunners. It towers imperiously over the surrounding neighborhood; yet for all its greatness, the area sure was peaceful! Company did select up later on, nonetheless, once the armory shop opened, and dozens of fans came down on it like to a hive. I, also, stroked know a gift-buying objective, as well as wound up purchasing a publication for Godfrey, a headscarf for a student, and also a jacket – on sale, certainly – for excellent step.

I’m sitting in the Westminster Abbey Gallery now, relaxing my fatigued legs as well as burdened back. Thus far, I have actually been verily excited with exactly what I’ve seen, such a confluence of elegance and also background prior to me that it would require days to absorb everything, when regretfully I can spare only a couple of hours. My preferred component of the abbey is the poets catch where no less a literary star than Samuel Johnson rests in peace – his breast validates his comfortable visibility, which was so clearly captured in his bio.

For lunch I had a steak and also ale pie, served with mash, taken along with a Guinness, additional cold – 2 degrees centigrade colder, the bartender explained. It decreased well, like all the other scrumptious dishes I’ve had in England; and no question now I have expanded familiar with intemperance at half past two. Besides, Liverpool were playing inspired football against Blackburn; and also my lunch was full.

Having had my fill of football, I determined to avoid my ticket scalping endeavor at Stamford Bridge as well as instead roamed over to the British Museum to evaluate their substantial collections. Along the road, my eye caught a cinema, its doors vast open as well as confessing customers. With much rapidity, I subsequently checked the program times, saw that an efficiency was readied to begin, and finally hurried to the box workplace to buy a discounted ticket – if you call a 40 pound ticket an offer, that is. That’s exactly how I got hold of a seat to see Hairspray in the West End.

The program deserved forty extra pounds. The songs was addicting; and also the phase design as well as effects were not so much gaudy as wonderfully promoting – the pulsating history lights went to when scintillating and passing through. The actors too were lively, exuding charisma while they danced and delivered lines trickling in wit. Hairspray is a top quality manufacturing as well as most definitely recommended.

12.4.09 At breakfast I rested across from a male that asked me to which nation Hong Kong had actually been returned – China or Japan. That was pretty funny. Then he began spewing on my food as he spoke, completely oblivious to my morning meal coming to be the receptacle in which the fruit of his inner churl was being positioned. I presume I comprehend the convention nowadays of covering one’s mouth whilst talking and masticating at the exact same time!

We in fact chatted on London life in general, and I praised London for its racial assimilation, the act of which is a prodigious jump of confidence for any culture, attempting to be comprehensive, accepting all type of people. It wasn’t as though the Brits were attempting in vain to be all points to all guys, using Spanish with the visitors from Spain, German with the Germans as well as, even, Hindi with the Indians, no matter of whether or not Hindi was their indigenous language; not even considering the silly concept of urging the international fostering of their language; consequently completely maintaining English in English hands as well as allowing its honored polyglots to “” practice” their languages. Certainly, the effort of the Londoners to make use themselves of the rich mosaic of ethnic knowledge, as well as to look for an usual understanding with an ubiquitous English accent is a prototype, as well as the bedrock for any kind of world city.

I celebrated Jesus’ rebirth at the St. Andrew’s Street Church in Cambridge. The of this Baptist church were warm as well as gracious, as well as I met several of them, including one seeing (Halliday) linguistics scholar from Zhongshan college in Guangzhou, who as a matter of fact had actually seen my tiny City University of Hong Kong in 2003. The service itself was much more traditional and also the believers fewer in number compared to the “” dynamic” services at any of the charming, evangelical churches in HK; yet that’s just what makes this part of the body of Christ one-of-a-kind; besides, the message was as brief as a powerpoint slide, as well as interesting no much less; the power word which talked right into my life being a concern from John 21:22- just what is that to you? Big trees; exquisite lawns; as well as old, sharp universities; that’s Cambridge essentially. Resting here, drinking on a half-pint of Woodforde’s Wherry, I’ve had a leisurely, if not languorous, day thus far; my single responsibility containing walking around while soaking up the green environment as though a sponge, electronic camera in tow. I am back at the sublime beer, relishing a pint of Sharp’s DoomBar before my fish and chips show up; the legal age is 18, however any person whose visage even hints of younger luster is most likely to obtain carded these days, the bartender informed me. The youth alcohol consumption society here is almost as twisted as the college alcohol consumption society in America. My keep in Cambridge, relaxing as well as desultory maybe, will end hereafter late lunch. I a not exactly sure if there is anything entrusted to see, conserve for the American graveyard which rests an impossible 2 miles away. I have had a remarkable time in this community; and also am glad for the accessibility into its living background- the locals right here have to demonstrate amazing persistence as well as tolerance what with numerous visitors ambling on the streets, peering -and also photographing- right into every nook and cranny. 13.4.09 There are no rubbish bins, yet I have actually seen on the streets many combined race couples in

which the
guys have a tendency to be white- the women likewise belonging to a light colored ethnic culture, normally some kind of Oriental; too saw some black men and also Indian guys with white chicks. Individuals right here hold doors, even at the entry to the commode. Sometimes it looks like though they are chancing

, simply waiting for the one that will certainly take the obligation for the door from them, at which point I rush out to alleviate them of such an arbitrary concern. I went to the British Museum this morning. Both hrs I spent there did neither myself neither the exhibitions any justice because there
actually is also much to study, enough exciting things to last an entire day, I assume. The bottomless well of artefacts from antiquity, attracting from resources as varied as Korea, and Mesopotamia, is a credit rating to the British empire, without whose looting the majority of this fantastic booty would certainly be inaccessible for our purview; far better, I think, for these priceless treasures to be available to all in the grandest supermarket of history than away from human eyes, and also worst yet, in the hands of dishonest collectors or in the rubbish container, possibly. Irene and I took in the ballet Giselle at The Royal Music hall in the afternoon. The building is a deluxe wonder, and a testament to this city’s love for the arts. The ballet itself was satisfying, the very first fifty percent transcending to the second, where the active dancers demonstrated their incredible mastery in, of all places, a graveyard covered in a cape of smoke and darkness. I admit, their dance of the dead, in such a dismal necropolis, did strike me as, weird. 2 friendly women from Kent persuaded me to visit their home town tomorrow, where, they informed me, the authentic, “working

” Leeds Castle and also the mighty fascinating house of Charles Darwin await. I’m taking care of a pint of Environment-friendly King Ruddles and also questioning concerning “the abundance of British ales and also lagers; the British have actually done a fantastic deed for the world by producing an interminable line of low-alcohol session beers that could be taken pleasure in at morning meal, lunch, tea and also dinner; and also their disservice is this: besides this endless supply of affordable beer ensnaring my internal alcoholic, I feel myself placing on my freshman fifteen, nearly ten years after the truth; I am going to have to run a little bit harder back in Hong Kong if I wish to shed all this malty gas off. Irene suggested I stop by the National Art Gallery considering that we remained in the location; as well as it was an hour well spent. The gallery presently provides a special exhibit on Picasso, the non-ticketed section which features a number of sexy renderings, consisting of David snooping on Bathsheba -repeated in clever versions- as well as parodies of various other masters’ jobs. Moreover, the main gallery houses two incredible portraits by Joshua Reynolds, that occurs to be favorite of mine, he in life being a buddy of Samuel Johnson- I went by Boswells, where its name first fulfilled Johnson, on my means to the music hall. 14.4.09 I hoped last evening, as well as underwent my list, lifting every person on it approximately the Lord. That really felt good; that God is active currently, and also ever before existing in my life as well as in the lives of my brothers as well as sisters.

Doubtless, then, I have actually really felt quite wistful, as though a specter in the land of the living, remaining in an area where religious fervor, it appears, is a thing of the past, a trifling

for many, to be hidden away in the nontransparent corners of centuries-old basilicas that are much more expensive traveler locations compared to liberating houses of praise nowadays. Certainly, I have yet to see anyone pray, outside of the Easter service which I went to in Cambridge- for such an overjoyed minute in verily a grand church, would you believe that it was just participated in by at most 3 dozen spirited ones. The people of England, as well as Europe generally, have, it is my hope, only secured away words, delegating it to the peaceful vault of their hearts. May it be gotten in the unexpected time out before nourishments and also in the still crisp early mornings and awesome, silent nights. There is still really hope for a revival in this location, for belief to climb like that remarkable sunlight every early morning. God would certainly love to rescue them, to supply them in this day, it is specific. I question just what Londoners think, if anything at all, concerning their authorities state which, like a creeping plant in the shadows, has taken root in all edges of every day life, from the terrorist notifications in the underground, which beg Londoners to report all points dubious, to both of dogs which excitedly walk with Euston. Exactly what makes this the more extraordinary is the fact that even the USA, the unbeatable nemesis of the recently established, rebel order, does not risk bombard its citizens with such fear mongering nowadays, particularly with Obama in workplace; perhaps we’ve grown smart in these previous few years to the suspicious returns of giving up civil liberties to the state, of having our bags inspected almost everywhere- London Eye; Hairspray; as well as The Royal Opera House check bags in London while the museums do not; somehow, that doesn’t build up for me. I remain in a stunning bookshop on New Road in Birmingham, and also absolutely to verify my uncertainties, there are just as lots of publications on the death of Christianity in Britain as there are publications which attempt to murder Christianity everywhere. I did locate, nevertheless, a nice biography on John Wesley by Roy Hattersley and also The Screwtape Letters by C.S. Lewis. I might select up the previous. Lunch with Sally was positive as well as mirthful. We dined at a French restaurant neighboring New Street -yes, Birmingham is a cultural capitol! Sally as well as I both attempted their omelette, while her partner had the fish, without chips. Conversation was light, the levity existed as well as so was our thinking back

regarding those short lived minutes throughout our very first year in Hong Kong; it is outstanding just how friendships can return to so all of a sudden with a smile. On their recommendation, I am on my way to Warwick Castle -they also suggested that I visit Cadbury Globe, however they can not handle extra visitors currently, the tourist office team notified me, much to my dissatisfaction! Seeing Warwick Castle really produced a terrific day out. The castle, parts of which were established by William the Conquerer in 1068, is as much a garish vacationer catch as a thorough conservation of history, at times a sillier variation of Ocean Park while at others a dignified devotion to a most remarkable
, necessarily English past. The castle accommodates all visitors; as well as not remarkably, that which delighted all target markets was a large trebuchet siege engine, which for the 5 p.m. performance tossed a fireball high as well as far into the air- fantastic! Taliban beware! 15.4.09 I’m leaving on a jet aircraft this evening; aren’t sure when I’ll be back in England again. I’ll miss this eccentric, yet charming location; as well as that I will miss out on Irene and Tom that so generously welcomed me right into their house, fed me, and also endured my use their bathroom as well as shower goes without saying. I’m happy for God’s lots of blessings on this trip. On the schedule today

is a journey to John Wesley’s home, followed by a check out to the Imperial War Museum. Currently today I got a tube of Oilatum, a week late probably, which Teri suggested I use to treat this obstinate, dermal weak point of mine- I enjoy to report that my skin has actually quit sobbing. John Wesley’s home lives

as well as well. Providers are still held in the church everyday; and its crypt, so much from being a cellar for the dead, is an intense, roomy gallery in which all things Wesley get on screen -I never ever realized how much of a renowned number he became in England; at the height of this idol frenzy, paradoxical by itself, he must have been as popular as the Beatles went to their pinnacle. Your house itself is a multi-story erection with narrow, sheer staircases and roomy rooms enhanced in an 18th century fashion. I discovered Samuel Johnson’s house within a puzzle of red brick concealed alongside Fleet Street. To be in the home of the guy that composed the English thesaurus, and whose tireless love for unknown words became the motivation for my very own lexical fixation, this, by much, is the orgasm of my browse through to England! The most effective certainly has actually been saved for last. There are a wide range of pictures hanging around your home like ornaments on a tree. Every likeness has its own story, carefully retold on the crib sheets in each area. Celebrities are plentiful, including David Garrick and Sir Joshua Reynolds, who painted several of the finer photos in the residence. I have developed a certain affinity for Oliver Jeweler, of which Boswell composes,” His individual was
short, his sanction coarse as well as off-color, his deportment that of a scholar awkwardly influencing the very easy gentleman. It appears as though I, as well, might use a much more flattering description of myself! I regretfully couldn’t quit to attempt the curry in England; I think the CityU canteen’s take on the meal will need to do. I did, however, have the suitable job of flirting with the adorable Cathay Pacific respond to team that examined me in. She was lovely in red, light powder on her cheeks, with real diamond jewelries, she claimed; and her tiny, fragile face, commanded by a posh British accent made her positively alluring, impressive. Not just did

she grant me an aisle seat but she had the gumption to return my fawning with passion; she has to be a pro at this by currently. I saw her once more as she was pulling double-duty, collecting tickets prior to boarding. She remembered my pursuit for curry; and also in the fog of infatuation, where nary a male has been made, I stumbled my words like the careless child that has actually had excessive strike. I am just an amateur, alas, an” Oliver Goldsmith” with the ladies- I got no video game- booyah! Some last, consequential little bits: as a result of the chavs, Burberry no more offers those fashionable baseball caps; as a result of the IRA, rubbish containers are no more an asset on the roads of London, and because of this, the streets and the Underground of the city are a dirtied mess; as well as because of other terrorists from distant, a lot more arid lands, experiencing a Western airport has handled the routine of perfunctory procedure that does not “make me really feel any more secure from my undetectable adversaries. Finally, I saw a lot of Indians working at Heathrow that I can have quickly mistaken the place for Mumbai. Their existence stunned me because their part of the general populace surely must be much less compared to their portion of Heathrow team, suggesting some strange hiring bias. No matter, they do an outstanding work with brief flight terminal checks, as well as generally are absurdly amusing and also witty when not thoughtless. That’s all for England! Bad Credit report?< img alt= "negative credit rating bank card" src= "https://farm4.staticflickr.com/3327/5792929304_430ca048f5.jpg "size=" 400"/ > Picture by< a href =" http://www.flickr.com/photos/53500715@N08/5792929304" > natloans Debt card-financial background

Taking Individual Loans Was Not So Easy Before

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personal loans
by Eva Rinaldi Celeb and also Live Songs Photographer There is no doubt that the individuals

‘s ideas about the loans have been changed in the recent times. In the past, the financings were meant to be the amount, which were taken by the people at the time of starvation, or other such immediate demand. Yet, in the current times, borrowings are likewise considered satisfying some personal demands. Distinct kinds of financial obligations are available out there for various demands. Residence finances, auto loan as well as personal lendings are several of the significant enters this regard. A variety of loan providers use these loanings through offline and on the internet modes in the here and now scenario.There are the moments, when you have some urgent needs, but you are incapable to accomplish it with your minimal wage. The concern emerges the best ways to complete that demand. Individual loan is the perfect option here, which is specifically indicated for pursuing this function. The finance is available at very easy rate of interest in today scenario.Such financings provide a range of advantages to the individuals today.

Firstly, they promote you to bear the additional expenses that occur in the month. The needs could be the education expenses of your youngsters or the accidently happened clinical cost. In all the cases, the individual financings could be widely practical for you.A variety of lending institutions have come onward to give these financial debts to the people that remain in urgent requirements. They offer the loanings at not so high rates of interest. But, you are constantly needed to save yourselves with the money grubbing lending institutions. You could do this effortlessly by checking out the evaluations of the financing agency. These evaluations could be discovered quickly on net in the recent times.After knowing well regarding the agency, you can get the loaning, which has additionally become very simple in the existing scenario. These financings could be used effortlessly today on a number of internet sites.Some guidelines as well as policies are called for to be adhered to in order to get these debts. The regulations may differ depending upon the lending institutions, yet some of them might be common. Firstly, in case of many of the lending firms, your age should have crossed 21. In a similar way, the duration needs to be over at the age of 65. The various other rule is that optimum of four times money compared to his/her monthly earnings is offered to the customer. But, there might be various restriction in situation of several of the lenders. Besides, a lot of the financial institutions or funding firms present the problem of citizenship. You are called for to be the person of the country, where you are taking the borrowing. Immigrants could likewise take the cash if they have the work authorization. Otherwise, there are various other schemes for individuals from abroad. Besides, the payment is needed to be provided on the monthly basis. If the customer cannot do so, there is an arrangement to charge the penalty.If you meet the above mentioned standards, as well as fit with the rules then you could get the fundings. There are a variety of ways with

the aid of which you can send the application. The most convenient option for the customers is to fill up a very easy online kind. Besides, one could likewise speak to the loan provider using phone and the executive will get to at house or office.Once it is inspected whether you met the criteria or not, the application will be accepted and also the money will be transferred to your account. There is also an arrangement of authorization of funding within twenty 4 hours. So, if you have urgent need, the car loan is an ideal option for you. Whether you are planning to acquire a new home or taking your family out on an exotic trip,< a rel ="nofollow"href="http://www.personalsgloan.com.sg/personal-loans.html"> Individual Loan can be one possible option for figuring out finance related issues. Right from the small costs and also to huge clinical costs, Max Credit rating assures to provide you the very best solutions to obtain Pay Day Development Loans Singapore within a number of days. Extra< a href="https://www.free-credit-report.net/category/personal-loans/"> Individual Financings Articles