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My Town (IV)
Image by Jose Luis Mieza Photography
Manresa is the money of this Bages comarca (county), found in the geographic centre of Catalonia, Spain, and crossed because of the river Cardener. Its an industrial area with textile, metallurgical, and glass sectors. Saint Ignatius of Loyola stopped to pray when you look at the city on their in the past from Montserrat in 1522. Therefore, the city is a place of pilgrimage for Catholics. It is believed the comarcal title "Bages" arises from a corruption associated with the Latin "Bacchus" as a result of the substantial production of wine in the region. Your wine had been grown primarily in terraced vineyards, and several of the old terraces is seen today. Wine stopped is the primary item of this area because of phylloxera, but is nonetheless an essential part of the Manresa/Bages economy.
During the Napoleonic invasion, the volunteer soldiers of Manresa (sometent in Catalan) defeated the French soldiers when you look at the Bruch Pass (Summer 1808), however the retreating French burned and demolished most of the city. Following the expulsion of Napoleon’s troops, Manresans rebuilt the city using the rubble. Because of this the unusual "jerry-built" look of the town. When you look at the 12th century Manresa had been believed to have contained 500 Jewish families, most of whom lived-in a narrow lane known as "Grau dels Jueus," nearby the city hallway; their cemetery, however called "Fossana dels Jueus," ended up being away from city. Inside 13th and 14th hundreds of years the Jews there have been engaged in manufacturing, trading (including slaves), money-lending (within rate of 20 per cent, the usual interest at that moment), plus in the cultivation of the vineyards and estates.
The hostility associated with Christians towards Jews, which prevailed throughout Catalonia, has also been manifested in Manresa. In 1325 the Christian residents for the town tried to stop the Jews from cooking their particular Passover loaves of bread, so that the latter were obliged to attract the King for defense. The Jews in Manresa would not escape the typical persecution of 1391, and lots of of them professed to accept Christianity.
After 1414 comparatively couple of Jews remained when you look at the city, as well as in 1492 they marketed their house for whatever they are able to get, and left the united states. At the beginning of the 15th century Manresa had 30,000 residents; three centuries later it contained scarcely one-fifth of the quantity. A few members of the Zabarra (Sabara) family members lived-in Manresa. The city just isn’t mentioned within the "Shebeṭ Yehudah."