Tag Archives: Cool

Cool Find Card photos

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Some cool find card images:

May 27th 2008 – what is inside Cards
discover card
Image by Stephen Poff
Finest number in explore # 5!

Today ended up being my first day back again to work after being on a break a week ago. I feel refreshed. Personally I think like We purged various demons. A valuable thing is.. I still have about virtually 3 weeks holiday left, among that will be used on a cruise! 😉

This didn’t emerge rather the way I was thinking, but here it’s none the less. It really is for the podcast mini challenge of "The Number 365"

When we started my project, I didn’t really know very well what I’d before me personally. It was actually just a straightforward little thing which was going to just take myself a-year to accomplish and that may additionally keep track of my hair thinning over that 12 months… i am just half joking. But we soon begun to recognize what it had been doing for me.

The 365 Days task pushed us to simply take a second go through the means I viewed myself in addition to globe around me. I discovered items that We both liked and disliked about myself and due to that I think I made some solid alternatives to improve my life.

The side advantage ended up being that I became becoming more imaginative and developing my abilities as a professional photographer. The work I became performing ended up being getting observed many it led to countless independent work and consequently I think, the job We have these days.

After getting hired to do the job and going to Montgomery, there was another side benefit, the 365 Group. In August, Mav discovered my stream and things have not been the same since. I met lots of friends and feel just like i have been able to give some a few of the items that I have learned… which can be acutely satisfying.

Will I continue following this 12 months is up? I’m not sure. We quit after my first year thinking that I had completed my brand new many years quality and that there was clearlyno real suggest doing it once more. But right here i will be 24 months later on with you again. This present year happens to be more about the photography and reconnecting with you guys that it has-been about self-discovery, but I’m discovering that I’m mastering a lot more about myself than in ’06… so we’ll see.

Moreover, i am simply glad that i’ve you guys surrounding this time. January to August 2006 ended up being a lonely time for 365.

Vile and Unspeakable
discover card
Image by ewixx
I became sitting in my collection reading because of the dim light of a kerosene lamp when one thing uncommon occurred. My collection is very extensive (it is without a doubt so vast and labyrinthical that my manservant refuses to enter it having already been lost inside often times; the past time he ventured within he arrived on the scene with a look of profound horror on his face and has ever since refused to go inside once again; at that time I laughed at him — nevertheless now we share his fright) — substantial the collection is and I also have always been ever before toiling in order to complete registering every one of its hereditary treasures on collection cards. I need to. I cannot let these volumes decompose. Because of it seems to me personally your really soul for this great old residence is to be found involving the covers of the old volumes. As I was leafing through a really huge and apparently boring amount in Latin, an email dropped from the pages associated with book. Regarding rotting paper had been numerous notes and an object research of a strange fish. An instant evaluation at first proposed in my experience this had been an attempt to analyze and describe some strange specimen of fish that certain of my forefathers might have found using one of their journeys. And unusual it had been! Though it looked like a rather tiny seafood, it had just what looked disconcertingly like a person attention! And a frigthened one at that. Today it haunts my sleep plus truth i’ve perhaps not slept a wink because this cursed note landed before myself. When I close my eyes we note that seafood staring reproachfully at me personally! Maybe it had been maybe not, after all, anything experienced on a voyage to remote places. I am aware that my forefathers conducted numerous odd experiments within these wall space. But clearly they are unable to have dedicated these types of an unspeakable deed?

View here for a bigger view.

[All resources my very own, except a niche brush by Don Seegmiller]

Cool Equifax images

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Check-out these equifax photos:

Anthem Breach Notification
equifax
Image by Tony Webster

Innovative Immigration and Border Control Reform
equifax
Image by CSIS: Center for Strategic & International Studies
Agenda
1:00-1:30PM: Subscription
1:30-2:30PM: Keynote Discussion
The Honorable Jayson Ahern, former Acting Commissioner, U.S. Customs and Border coverage and main, The Chertoff Group
Michael Petrucelli, previous Acting Director, U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services and Executive Chairman and President, ClearPath, Inc.
The Honorable Julie Myers Wood, previous Assistant Secretary of Homeland Security for Immigration and Customs Enforcement and President-Compliance, Federal Practice and software programs, Guidepost Solutions, LLC
Moderated by: Susan Ginsburg, Associate, DHS Quadrennial Review Advisory Committee and Nonresident Fellow, Migration Plan Institute
2:30-2:45PM: Break
2:45-3:45PM: Driving Technological Reform
Robert Mocny, Director, United States Visitor and Immigration Reputation Indicator Technology, U.S. Department of Homeland Security
The Honorable C. Stewart Verdery Jr., former Assistant Secretary for Border and Transportation safety plan and preparing, U.S. division of Homeland Security, and Founder and Partner, Monument Policy Group, LLC
Ryan Fox, Principal, Equifax
Moderated by: Norma Krayem, Senior Policy Advisor, Patton Boggs LLP and Senior Associate, CSIS Homeland safety and Counterterrorism Program
3:45-3:50PM: Break
3:50-4:50PM: Places and programs for technology
Pamela Dingle, Senior Specialized Architect, Ping Identity
Tamar Jacoby, President & CEO, Immigration Functions
Sonia Padilla, Executive Director, Office of Technology and Acquisitions, U.S. Customs and Border Protection
Moderated by: Patrick R. Schambach, vice-president and General management, Homeland protection and Foreign Affairs, CSC
This event ended up being permitted by the nice help of CSC and Ping Identity in addition to extra assistance from Equifax.
csis.org/event/innovative-immigration-and-border-control-…

Revolutionary Immigration and Border Control Reform
equifax
Image by CSIS: Center for Strategic & Overseas Studies
Agenda
1:00-1:30PM: Registration
1:30-2:30PM: Keynote Conversation
The Honorable Jayson Ahern, previous performing Commissioner, U.S. Customs and Border cover and main, The Chertoff Group
Michael Petrucelli, previous Acting Director, U.S. Citizenship and Immigration providers and Executive Chairman and President, ClearPath, Inc.
The Honorable Julie Myers Wood, previous Assistant Secretary of Homeland protection for Immigration and Customs Enforcement and President-Compliance, Federal practise and Software Solutions, Guidepost Solutions, LLC
Moderated by: Susan Ginsburg, Associate, DHS Quadrennial Evaluation Advisory Committee and Nonresident Fellow, Migration Policy Institute
2:30-2:45PM: Break
2:45-3:45PM: Driving Technical Reform
Robert Mocny, Director, United States Of America Visitor and Immigration Status Indicator Technology, U.S. Division of Homeland Protection
The Honorable C. Stewart Verdery Jr., former Assistant Secretary for Border and Transportation protection plan and preparing, U.S. division of Homeland Security, and creator and lover, Monument Policy Group, LLC
Ryan Fox, Main, Equifax
Moderated by: Norma Krayem, Senior plan Advisor, Patton Boggs LLP and Senior connect, CSIS Homeland Security and Counterterrorism Program
3:45-3:50PM: Break
3:50-4:50PM: Areas and programs for technology
Pamela Dingle, Senior Specialized Architect, Ping Identification
Tamar Jacoby, President & CEO, Immigration Functions
Sonia Padilla, Executive Director, Office of Technology and Acquisitions, U.S. Customs and Border cover
Moderated by: Patrick R. Schambach, Vice President and General management, Homeland safety and international Affairs, CSC
This event had been permitted by the nice assistance of CSC and Ping Identity plus extra help from Equifax.
csis.org/event/innovative-immigration-and-border-control-…

Cool Car Loans images

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Check out these car loans images:

loan car
car loans
Image by ndrwfgg
My 320d is at last getting its new headlight today. This is the loan car – a new Mini Cooper. Pin-sharp handling, engine a considerable improvement over the old model, seats grippy and comfy, rest of interior a bit kitsch. Enormous fun – but I shall be happy to have my own car back.

2720 HF64BPX WILTS & DORSET
car loans
Image by eastleighbusman
seen 28/01/15 on Above Bar Southampton, on loan still to Bluestar

Cool Bad Credit images

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Some cool bad credit images:

Bad Credit
bad credit
Image by cafecredit
Photo by CafeCredit under CC 2.0

You can use this photo for FREE under Creative Commons license. Make sure to give proper author attribution to www.cafecredit.com.

Thank you for respecting Creative Commons license.

P.S. Need more photos like this? Check out my flickr profile page.

Bad credit refers to credit which is negative on your credit report which results in more risk for a lender to give you money. You may be turned down more often for loans and find it much harder to get credit as the credit you have already is negative.

Bad Credit Card
bad credit
Image by cafecredit
Photo by CafeCredit under CC 2.0

You can use this photo for FREE under Creative Commons license. Make sure to give proper author attribution to www.cafecredit.com.

Thank you for respecting Creative Commons license.

P.S. Need more photos like this? Check out my flickr profile page.

A credit bureau is a company that collects information that relates to the credit ratings of an individual. It takes this information and makes it available to lenders, credit card companies, and other financing institutions. This helps financial institutions decide whetheror not an individual can repay loans or is even a candidate for a loan.

Bad Credit
bad credit
Image by Got Credit

Cool Home Equity images

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A few nice home equity images I found:

Marina Bay
home equity
Image by Shaojin+AT
Picture: Helix Bridge & Marina Bay Sands
Location: Marina Bay, Singapore

Marina Bay Sands is an integrated resort fronting Marina Bay in Singapore. Developed by Las Vegas Sands, it is billed as the world’s most expensive standalone casino property at S billion (US.7 billion), including cost of the prime land.[1][2]
With the casino complete, the resort features a 2,560-room hotel, a 120,000 sq.m. convention-exhibition center, The Shoppes mall, an Art & Science museum, two Sands Theatres, six "celebrity chef" restaurants, two floating pavilions, a casino with 500 tables and 1,600 slot machines. The complex is topped by a 340m-long SkyPark with a capacity of 3,900 people and a 150m infinity swimming pool, set on top of the world’s largest public cantilevered platform, which overhangs the north tower by 67m.[3][4] The 20-hectare resort was designed by Moshe Safdie Architects. The local architect of record was Aedas Singapore, and engineering was provided by Arup and Parsons Brinkerhoff (MEP).
Originally set to open in 2009, Las Vegas Sands faced delays caused by escalating costs of material and labour shortages from the onset. The severe global financial crisis also pressured the company to delay its projects elsewhere to complete the integrated resort.[5] Although Marina Bay Sands has been compared on scale and development costs to MGM’s CityCenter, the latter is a mixed-use development, with condominium properties – comprising three of the seven main structures, being sold off.[6][7]
The resort was officially opened with a two-day celebration on 23 June 2010 at 3.18 pm, after a partial opening earlier in April. It was, however, not finished at the time of the April opening, which was marked by numerous service failures.[8] The museum, theatres and floating pavilions are still being built and are expected to be fully completed by December 2010.

Background

Part of the parcel of land for Marina Bay Sands in the foreground prior to development. The parcel overlooks Singapore’s financial district in the background.
Marina Bay Sands is one of two winning proposals for Singapore’s first Integrated Resorts, the other being the Resorts World Sentosa, which incorporates a family-friendly Universal Studios Theme Park. The two large-scale resorts were conceived to meet Singapore’s economic and tourism objectives for the next decade and they will have 30-year casino licenses, exclusive for the first ten years.
Bidders were assessed based on four criteria:
tourism appeal and contribution
architectural concept and design
development investment
strength of the consortium and partners
On 27 May 2006, Las Vegas Sands (LVS) was declared winner of the Marina Bay site in the prime new business district of Marina South with its business-oriented resort. LVS highlighted its forte in Meetings, Incentives, Conferencing and Exhibitions (MICE), of which its founder, Sheldon Adelson, is a pioneer in Las Vegas and the key to his early business success.[9] In the Design Evaluation portion of the tender, a panel of local and international architects commended Sands’ design as superior to other bids in terms of pedestrian circulation and layout, and it also fit in with the Marina Bay landscape best. They liked that the hotel towers was set back from the waterfront to open up expansive views of the city and the entire Marina Bay, making the skyline for Singapore’s downtown more attractive and distinctive.[10]
Singapore Tourism Board highlighted Sands’ line-up of six celebrity chefs, such as Australia’s Tetsuya Wakuda and Thomas Keller (Napa Valley, California, USA) and Charlie Trotter (Chicago, USA).
LVS submitted its winning bid on its own. Its original partner City Developments Limited (CDL), with a proposed 15 per cent equity stake, pulled out of the partnership in the second phase of the tender process. CDL’s CEO, Kwek Leng Beng said his company’s pullout was a combination of factors – such as difficulties in getting numerous companies he owns to comply in time, as well as reluctance of some parties to disclose certain private information in probity checks required by the Singapore government.[11] However, Kwek was retained as an advisor for Sands’ bid.
[edit]Investment

Inside the Marina Bay Sands Hotel
Las Vegas Sands initially committed to invest S.85 billion (about US.85 billion) in the project, not including the fixed S.2 billion (about US8 million) cost of the 6,000,000 square feet (560,000 m2) site itself.[12] With the escalating costs of materials, such as sand and steel, and labour shortages owing to other major infrastructure and property development in the country, Sheldon Adelson place the total cost of the development at S.0 billion (about US.9 billion) as of July 2009.[1][13]
Las Vegas Sands declared the undertaking as "one of the world’s most challenging construction projects and certainly the most expensive stand-alone integrated resort property ever built".[14] It expects the casino to generate at least billion in annual profit.[6] Two months after the initial phased opening, the casino attracts around 25,000 visitors daily, about a third being Singaporeans and permanent residents who pay a 0 daily entry levy or ,000 for annual unlimited access.[15] Half a million gamblers passed through the casino in June 2010.[16]
For the economy, Marina Bay Sands is projected to stimulate an addition of .7 billion or 0.8 per cent to Singapore’s Gross Domestic Product by 2015, employing 10,000 people directly and 20,000 jobs being created in other industries.[11]
The resort is designed by Moshe Safdie, who says it was initially inspired by card decks. In addition to the casino, other key components of the plan are three hotel towers with 2,500 rooms and suites, a 200,000-square-foot (19,000 m2) Art-Science museum and a convention centre with 1,200,000 square feet (111,000 m2) of space, capable of accommodating up to 45,000 people. The resort’s architecture and major design changes along the way were also approved by a number of consultant feng shui masters.[citation needed]
[edit]Opening

During the 2010 Summer Youth Olympics opening ceremony
Marina Bay Sands was originally planned to be completed in a single phase in 2009,[13] but rising construction costs and the financial crisis forced the company to open it in phases. The first phase’s preview opening was further delayed until 27 April 2010, and the grand opening was pushed back to 23 June 2010. The rest of the complex remain under construction and will not be completed before 2011.
On 27 April 2010, Marina Bay Sands had the first of a planned 3 to 4 phase openings. The casino, parts of the conference hall, a segment of the Shoppes, 963 hotel rooms and the event plaza were opened at the auspicious time of 3:18 p.m as part of the "preview opening".[17]
The Inter-Pacific Bar Association (IPBA) held the first conference at Marina Bay Sands Convention Centre on 2–5 May 2010, but the event was marred by uncompleted facilities and a power failure during a speech. IPBA withheld payment of S0,000 and was consequently sued by Marina Bay Sands.[18] In June IPBA counter-sued, describing the venue as a "complete disaster" and that its earlier payments had been imposed by "duress, fear and force".[18] An "amitable settlement" with undisclosed terms was announced in August.[19]
On 23 June 2010, the resort had its official opening with a "2-day celebration"; this includes the Sands SkyPark, the Event Plaza along Marina Bay, more shops, additional dining options and nightlife offerings, and the rest of the hotel rooms. First day events included – a "World Championship Climb" on the glass facade of the building to the SkyPark, with 7 teams of 21 top rock climbers from around the world competing, and an evening concert for 4,000 invited guests and customers, featuring Diana Ross, Kelly Rowland, JJ Lin among others. The SkyPark was opened on the second day at 2 pm,[14] with about 2,000 adult tickets costing S each sold.[20]
[edit]Timeline forecast
In December 2010, the Art-Science Museum, two Sands Theatres and two floating Crystal Pavilions will be completed.
In March 2011, Disney’s The Lion King musical production will debut at the Marina Bay Sands Theatre.[21]
[edit]Attractions

View of the CBD skyline, City Hall, and Esplanade from the SkyPark

View of Singapore Flyer from the SkyPark
Marina Bay Sands features three 55-storey hotel towers which were topped out in July 2009. The three towers are connected by a 1 hectare sky terrace on the roof, named Sands SkyPark.
In front of the three towers include a Theatre Block, a Convention and Exhibition Facilities Block, as well as the Casino Block, which have up to 1000 gaming tables and 1400 slot machines. The Art-Science Museum is constructed next to the three blocks and has the shape of a lotus. Its roof will be retractable, providing a waterfall through the roof of collected rainwater when closed in the day and with laser shows when opened at night. The Art-Science Museum opens in December 2010.
The SkyPark is home to the world’s longest elevated swimming pool, [22] with a 478-foot (146-meter) vanishing edge, perched 191 meters above the ground. The pools are made up of 422,000 pounds of stainless steel and can hold 376,500 gallons (1424 cubic metres) of water. The SkyPark also boasts rooftop restaurants, nightclubs, gardens hundreds of trees and plants and a public observatory with 360-degree views of the Singapore skyline.
There are four movement joints beneath the main pools, designed to help them withstand the natural motion of the towers, and each joint has a unique range of motion. The total range of motion is 19.68 inches (500 millimetres). In addition to wind, the hotel towers are also subject to settlement in the earth over time, so engineers built and installed custom jack legs to allow for future adjustment at more than 500 points beneath the pool system. This jacking system is important primarily to ensure the infinity edge of the pool continues to function properly.[23]
Moshe Safdie designed an Art Path within the resort, incorporating seven installations by five artists including Sol Lewitt, Antony Gormley and Zheng Chongbin. The pieces are meant to play on environmental influences including light, water and wind, integrating art with architecture.[24]

Source from: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marina_Bay_Sands

Home Equity
home equity
Image by aag_photos
Home Equity – Home on top of stack of Money

When using this image please provide photo credit (link) to: www.aag.com per these terms: www.aag.com/retirement-reverse-mortgage-pictures

Mortgage
home equity
Image by 401(K) 2013
Home equity mortgage

I am the designer for 401kcalculator.org. I have put all these images in the public domain and welcome anyone to use them however please credit our site as the source if you do:http://401kcalculator.org

Cool Platinum Card images

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A few nice platinum card images I found:

Solitaire
platinum card
Image by LauraLA2008
She’s got a downtown attitude and a platinum card lifestyle.

Platinum Card
platinum card
Image by mharvey75
I swear, I have no idea why this was sent to me.

www.unlikelywords.com/card-carrying-member/

Platinum Card (rear)
platinum card
Image by mharvey75
Really? If I lose this card, they’ll replace it?

(Not a Republican, I swear!)

Cool Dispute Credit Report images

Published / by webmaster

A few nice dispute credit report images I found:

The Memory Of Eye On Malaysia (2007-2010)
dispute credit report
Image by tamahaji
Eye on Malaysia was a transportable Ferris wheel installation in Malaysia. It began operating in Kuala Lumpur in 2007, was then moved to Malacca in 2008, and operated there until 2010.
Most sources credit Eye of Malaysia with an overall height of 60 metres (197 ft), however conflicting reports in the Malaysian newspaper The Star quote heights of both 60 m [1] and 62 m (203 ft).[2]

Eye on Malaysia first operated at Titiwangsa Lake Gardens, Kuala Lumpur, where it enabled visitors to experience a 360-degree panoramic view of the city centre and over 20 kilometres of its surroundings, including the Kuala Lumpur Tower, the Istana Budaya and the Petronas Twin Towers, during a 12-minute ride. It was unveiled in conjunction with Visit Malaysia Year 2007 on January 6, 2007 by the prime minister at that time, Abdullah Ahmad Badawi.

Eye on Malaysia was relocated to Kota Laksamana, next to the Malacca River in Malacca, in late 2008. It ceased operating in January 2010 pending the outcome of a legal dispute between its owners, Fitraco NV, a Belgian leisure equipment leasing company, and the Malaysian operators of the wheel. It was dismantled in October 2010 (Wiki)

Note: Old Photograph (Found from my old desktop)

Rome visit, June 2008 – 57
dispute credit report
Image by Ed Yourdon
These pictures were taken during a trip to Rome in Jun 2008, where I presented a 2-day seminar on "Web 2.0".

I noticed this couple, sitting on the railing that separates the vehicular roadway from the pedestrian part of the Piazza del Popolo. I couldn’t tell if they were arguing, engaged in a who-blinks-first? contest, or just having a thoughtful conversation…

I can’t help wondering if this couple had any idea how many people would look at their picture (a little over 14,000 as of January 2012), and how many different bizarre blog postings — well over a hundred, at this point, from all over the world — would use the image of their conversation to illustrate their message. To see all the places where the photo has been published (at least, all of the ones that I’m aware of), see below…

***********************************************

Note: this photo was published on Jul 8, 2008 in a blog posting entitled "Reader Question: Handling Pressure to Apologize." It was also published in an Aug 21, 2008 blog article entitled "Marriage, money, debt, and divorce?" And it was published in a Jan 27, 2009 blog article entitled "Complaining’s Place In Marriage." In addition, it was published in a Jan 13, 2009 blog titled "Karen Kalisek’s Top 20 Things To Help (1-5)." More recently, it was published in a March 17, 2009 "Mind Hack" blog article titled "Dominant chemicals." And it was published in a Sep 13, 2009 blog titled "How to Fight With Your Partner."

A few days later, it was published in a Sep 18, 2009 blog titled "Couple’s Counseling: Why I Don’t Take Sides." And it was published in an Oct 20, 2009 Greek blog titled "Η ÏˆÏ…Ï‡ÎżÎ»ÎżÎłÎčÎșÎź ÎșαÎșÎżÏ€ÎżÎŻÎ·ÏƒÎ· τωΜ αΜΎρώΜ." It was also published in a Nov 4, 2009 blog titled "10 tips for traveling as a couple – and not breaking up." And it was published in a Nov 14, 2009 blog titled "How Thoughtful Words Save Marriages." It was also published in an undated (late-November 2009) blog titled "Democratia cuplului." It was also published, on page 5 of 8, in a Nov 14, 2009 blog titled "Best of the Week: Forbidden Gifts, Landlord Secrets & More."

One of the more unusual publications of this photo was in a Dec 7, 2009 blog titled "Separated Spouses Filing Bankruptcy Together." It was also published in a Nov 30, 2009 blog titled "The Language Barrier."

Moving into 2010, the photo was published in a Jan 7, 2010 blog titled "Everyone has a bad day." It was also published in a Jan 7, 2010 blog titled "Dealing with travel-partner conflicts." And it was published in an undated (Jan 2010) blog titled "Avoiding the Heartbreak Hostel: 10 Simple Rules For Backpacking Lovin’ for Female Travellers." It was also published in a Jan 18, 2010 Greek blog titled "΀Îč συΌÎČÎ±ÎŻÎœÎ”Îč στηΜ Î±ÎłÎŹÏ€Î· ÎŒÎ”Ï„ÎŹ Ï„Îż ÎłÎŹÎŒÎżl." And it was published in a Jan 20, 2010 blog titled "CityFiles: Letting them down easy (he said/she said)."

It was also published in a Jan 22, 2010 blog titled "Infidelity Doesn’t Have to Mean Divorce," and a Jan 24, 2010 blog titled "Both partners need to be involved." It was also published in a Feb 5, 2010 Dutch blog titled "‘Wij’ gelukkiger dan ‘ik’." And it was published in an undated (Feb 2010) blog titled "Adult Separation Anxiety." And it was published in a Jan 30, 2010 Wikihow blog page with the same title as the caption that I used for this Flickr page. I’ve also discovered that it was published in a Feb 12, 2010 Canadian blog titled "We need to talk (about the history of marriage counselling)." And it was published in an undated (Mar 2010) blog titled "Communication Skill Lesson Plan." It was also published in a Mar 25, 2010 blog titled "Marital Gridlock And Growing Up." It was also published in a Mar 28, 2010 blog titled "In today’s culture, sex is public but love is private." And it was published in a Mar 30, 2010 blog titled "Professional honeymooners: dream job or nightmare?"

There’s more: the photo was published in an Apr 5, 2010 blog titled "John Mayer Was Right: You Gotta Say What You Need To Say." And it was published in an Apr 6, 2010 blog titled "Miscarraiges [sic] Strain Marriages." It was also published in an Apr 8, 2010 blog titled "Why We Stay With Unfaithful Partners." And it was published in an Apr 9, 2010 blog titled "Foursquare Becomes Great Predictor Of Divorce," as well as an Apr 10, 2010 blog titled Relationship Advice | Too Immature for Relationship It was also published in an Apr 13, 2010 Italian blog titled "Uomini col Mestruo, un gruppo su Facebook smaschera i senza palle." And it was published in a May 14, 2010 Peruvian(?) blog titled "Codependencia: Cuando la propia identidad se pierde en la pareja." It was also published in a Jun 11, 2010 blog titled "Is Divorce Contagious?" It was also published in a Jun 25, 2010 blog titled "The Magic Of Making Up – Authors Overview," and a Jun 26, 2010 blog titled "The struggle for control in a relationship." A similar blog, titled "The stages of relationships: Phase 3: The power struggle," was published on Jun 28, 2010; and on the same day, the photo was published in a TrĂ©s Sugar blog titled "Finding Out Why We Fight Might Help Us Patch Things Up." It was also published in a Jun 29, 2010 Mashable blog titled "Facebook Becoming a Prime Source for Divorce Case Evidence," and I’m pretty sure that the Spanish edition of the same blog appeared on Jun 30, 2010 with a title of "Servicio gratis de mediaciĂłn para divorcios en Gipuzkoa."

Moving into the second half of 2010, the photo was published in a Jul 2, 2010 blog titled " I Want My Husband To Love Me Again – 4 Ways To Rekindle Your Romance." It was also published in a Jul 8, 2010 blog about insurance, titled "How Can I Convince You?" And it was published in an undated (Jul 2010) blog titled "Adult Separation Anxiety." It was also published in a Jul 12, 2010 blog titled "Temas tabĂșes en las relaciones de pareja." And it was published in a Jul 14, 2010 blog titled "Initiative to Ban Divorce in California Resurfaces." It was also published in a Jul 15, 2010 Dating 1001 blog, with the same title as the caption that I used on this Flickr page. It was also published in a Jul 25, 2010 blog titled "Businesses Capitalizing on High Unemployment." And it was published in a Jul 29, 2010 blog titled "How to Deal With Financial Infidelity," as well as a Jul 29, 2010 blog titled "Words of Wisdom: Ryan Holiday. It was also published in a Sep 6, 2010 blog titled "Living together apart – Conviviendo juntos pero separados." And it was published in a Sep 15, 2010 blog titled "Is Your Debt A Relationship Killer?" It was also published in a Sep 17, 2010 blog titled "We Got Into An Argument, Part I." And it was published in a Sep 18, 2010 blog titled "Saving It." It was also published in a Sep 25, 2010 blog titled "Help Save My Marriage – What To Do." And it was published in an undated (late Sep) "Dating Advice Expert" blog titled "Marital dispute: An overview of court proceedings." It was also published in a Sep 30, 2010 blog titled "It’s a Guy Thing." And it was published in an undated (Oct 2010) blog titled "Dealing with Infidelity is a Response by Couples in Trouble." It was also published in an Oct 15, 2010 Judy Cares blog titled "Is it a Marriage or a Relationship?", as well as an Oct 19, 2010 blog titled "Moving Forward in a Marriage: Forgiving the Minor Mistakes." And it was published in an Oct 26, 2010 blog titled "Relationships should be Easy and fun." It was also published in an Oct 29, 2010 blog titled "I suggested couples counseling and my fiance said “I don’t do counseling. What should I do?", and another Oct 29, 2010 blog titled "Cosas que no debes decir en una cita."

Moving into November, it was published in a Nov 2, 2010 blog titled "Justicia rechaza el 7% de las demandas de divorcio por no cumplir requisitos." It was also published in an undated (Nov 2010) blog titled "Relationship Break Up Advice – How to Save Your Broken Relationship." And it was published in a Nov 8, 2010 blog titled "Welcome to Improve Sex Life." It was also published in a Nov 15, 2010 blog titled "Question of the Week: How has chronic illness impacted your marriage?", and a Nov 16, 2010 blog titled "Lastest [sic] Debt Counseling News." And it was published in an undated (mid-Nov 2010) Lying Lovers blog titled "Recovering From Infidelity – Crucial Steps to Rebuilding Your Marriage." It was also published in an undated (late Nov 2010) blog titled "Long Distance Relationships: How to Know When it’s Time to Call it Quits," and it was published in an undated (late Nov 2010) blog titled "Reconciliation is Possible with the Help of a Couples Counseling NYC Therapist." It was also published in a Dec 3, 2010 blog titled "Will Your Marriage Succeed Or Fail?", as well as a Dec 3, 2010 blog titled "Sole Sisters’ Guide to Keeping Sane While Traveling in Twos." And it was published in a Dec 6, 2010 blog titled "1 de cada 5 divorcios usan a Facebook como prueba de infidelidad." It was also published in an undated (mid-Dec 2010) Hospital Medical Billing Fraud blog titled "Do Infertile People Make Better Parents?" And it was published in a Dec 13, 2010 Polish blog titled "Kobiety kƂamią inaczej niĆŒ faceci. Kto częƛciej?." It was also published in a Dec 27, 2010 blog titled "The Easy Way to Make Money Online Everyday." And it was published in a Dec 30, 2010 blog titled "Relationship Cues: Sensing the Unspoken." Finally, it was published in a Dec 31, 2010 blog titled "Divorced and Co-Parenting: How to Get Along With Your Ex."

Moving into 2011, the photo was first published in a Jan 2, 2011 blog titled " Importance Of Medical Insurance Plans." It was also published in a Jan 3, 2011 blog titled "Car Insurance Tips for Mature Drivers in Florida, as well as a Jan 5, 2011 Forbes.com blog titled "5 Ways Your Partner Can Ruin Your Credit." It was also published in a Jan 6, 2011 "Learn to Earn Online blog, with the same title and descriptive notes as what I had originally written on this Flickr page. It was also published in a Jan 10, 2011 blog titled "Bankruptcy Rules Review." And it was published in an undated (mid-Jan 2011) "Counseling Rehab" blog titled "4 Ways to Treat Your Addiction." It was also published in a Jan 13, 2011 blog titled "Waiting for Debt Help and Free Debt Advice?" And it was published in a Jan 15, 2011 blog titled "Online Dating Tips: How To Create A Great Profile." It was also published in a Jan 16, 2011 blog titled "Farmville Cheats And Associated Dangers," and another Jan 16, 2011 blog titled "Searching For The Fastest Way to Make Money Online?" It was also published in a Jan 17, 2010 pinkblog.it blog titled "Coppia: non perdonare il partner fa bene al rapporto." And it was published in a Jan 18, 2011 blog titled "How to Keep a Conversation Going." It was also published in a Jan 20, 2011 blog titled "5 Tips for Taking a Successful Online Dating Profile Photo." And it was published in an undated (late Jan 2011) blog titled "Why Social And Traditional Media Marketers Should Stop Acting Like Fighting Lovers." It was also published in a Jan 26, 2011 blog titled "Facebook cheating, restaurant websites and living in caves with Dinner Party Download." And it was published in an undated (late Jan 2011) blog titled "Stop Arguing Your Relationships to Death." It was also published in a Jan 30, 2011 blog titled "Ask the Readers: Hiding Money from Your Spouse."

The photo was also published in an undated (early Feb 2011) blog titled "Debt Relief Consolidation – Tips To Find Free Debt Help Online," with the caption and detailed notes that I provided on this Flickr page, followed by some more serious comments about the details of debt relief consolidation. And it was published in a Feb 8, 2011 blog titled "Female partners of heavy gamblers – victims or enablers?", and a Feb 13, 2011 blog titled "5 Sizzling Online Dating Tips." It was also published in a Feb 15, 2011 blog titled "The 1st Key for Dealing with Marital Strife," and it was published in a Feb 24, 2011 blog titled "Do You Know Your Rights?" It was also published in a Mar 8, 2011 blog titled 4 Reasons Why Open Marriage Doesnt Work," and a Mar 11, 2011 blog titled "What Do Musicians Really Earn Online?" And it was published in a Mar 16,2011 Car Insurance Companies blog, with the same caption and detailed notes that I had written on this Flickr page. It was also published in an undated (mid-Mar 2011) Website titled Especialistas en Divorcios. And it was published in a Mar 21, 2011 blog titled "Make love, not war: enjoy travel as a couple." It was also published in an undated (late Mar 2011) blog titled "Things You Must Know About Free Debt Consolidation Services." And it was published in a Mar 24, 2011 Nice How to Make Money Online Photos blog, with the same caption and detailed notes that I used on this Flickr page. It was also published in a Mar 30, 2011 blog titled "GrĂŒnde fĂŒr die Eifersucht." And it was published in an Apr 7, 2011 blog titled "The Italian Language Learning," as well as an Apr 8, 2011 blog titled "How to Make People Angry," and an Apr 10, 2011 blog titled "GrĂŒnde fĂŒr die Eifersucht." It was also published in an Apr 20, 2011 blog titled "6 Common mistakes that can ruin your relationship." And it was published in an undated (late Apr 2011) blog titled "CuĂĄles son las señales de una relaciĂłn abusiva o que no es sana?", as well as an undated (late Apr 2011) blog titled "What are the Signs of an Unhealthy or Abusive Relationship?" It was also published in an Apr 26, 2011 blog titled "How To Make Your Dates More Pleasant And Enjoyable." And it was published in a May 16, 2011 blog titled "Parents Relationship Affects Quality of Children’s Sleep." It was also published in a May 23, 2011 blog titled
"Want Your Baby to Sleep Through the Night? Try Harmony in Your Relationship." And it was published in a May 27, 2011 blog titled " ‘My Wife Won’t Have Sex with Me’ Is a Pathetic Excuse to Cheat," as well as an undated (late May 2011) blog titled "Why is it so hard to change relationships?"

It was also published in a Jun 1, 2011 blog titled "Should You Dispute a Performance Appraisal?" And it was published in a Jun 10, 2011 blog titled "Four signs you’re heading for divorce," as well as a Jun 10, 2011 blog titled "Becoming a Better Woman From the Inside Out." It was also published in a Jun 11, 2011 blog titled "Discuss How To Earn Money Online," as well as a Jun 11, 2011 blog titled "The Online Dating Game On Twitter – How Does it Work?" And it was published in a Jun 22, 2011 blog titled "Mistakes in Choosing a Marriage Partner," and a Jun 22, 2011 blog titled "Anatomy of A Marital Argument." It was also published in a Jun 30, 2011 blog titled "Talk Money for Relationship Success." And it was published in a Jul 22, 2011 blog titled "Provocative Phrase Friday — Her marriage was over + 11 Other Writing Prompts." It was also published in an undated (late Jul 2011) blog titled "Communication Skill Lesson Plan." And it was published in a Jul 31, 2011 blog titled "Rebuilding Your Marriage After An Affair." It was also published in an Aug 5,2011 Czech blog titled "DělĂĄte dost pro VĂĄĆĄ vztah?", as well as an Aug 5, 2011 blog titled Bankruptcy in San Antonio ? Why Me? And it was published in an Aug 6, 2011 blog titled "Wells Fargo And Wachovia Merger Is Bad News For Divorced Couple." It was also published in an Aug 15, 2011 blog titled "ACCORD report that the Internet is the fastest growing factor for marital difficulties in Ireland – but is that the full story?" And it was published in an Aug 19, 2011 blog titled "Why Senior Citizens Need To Get Reliable Travel Insurance." It was also published in an Aug 24, 2011 blog titled "Vrouwen winnen de meeste rubies." And it was published in an Aug 30, 2011 blog titled "BILL GROSS: Global Economy Is Like A Marriage "Teetering On The Edge Of Divorce"."

Moving on, the photo was published in a Sep 5, 2011 blog with the curious title of "Gnats’ farts and gender" at vickihollett-dot-com-slash-?p=3957". It was also published in a Sep 5, 2011 blog titled "Separated Chileans opt for unconventional living arrangements," as well as a Sep 5, 2011 blog titled "DělĂĄte dost pro VĂĄĆĄ vztah?." It was also published in an undated (early Sep 2011) blog titled "Adult Separation Anxiety." And it was published in a Sep 14, 2011 blog titled "It’s Not Just About Spanking." It was also published (though I have no idea why) in an Oct 6, 2011 blog titled "San Antonio Storage." It was also published in a Nov 11, 2011 blog titled "La ansiedad por la separaciĂłn es un trastorno cada vez mas frecuente en nuestros hijos0." And it was published in a Nov 16, 2011 blog titled "Poll: Balancing two ambitious careers." It was also published in a Nov 21, 2011 blog titled "Von Vertrauen und Misstrauen." And it was published in a Nov 23, 2011 blog titled "When Is It Time To Move On From A Relationship," and a Nov 23, 2011 Faith Village blog titled "How to Fight Fairly." It was also published in a Nov 28, 2011 blog titled "5 Questions To Ask Yourself To See If You’ll Need A Pre-Nup." And it was published in a Dec 2, 2011 blog titled "Renting a Car in Ireland?", as well as a Dec 5, 2011 blog titled "Relationship Quotes," and another Dec 5, 2011 blog titled "Phrases to Avoid in Conversation – What Not to Say During a Fight with Your Beloved." It was also published in a Dec 6, 2011 blog titled "Single Parents – Dating and Family Strife."

Moving into 2012, the photo was published in a Jan 2, 2012 blog titled "? Why? ? Auto insurance cos? vile? expensive in the UK?", as well as a Jan 2, 2012 blog titled "I’m 33 years old with a second DUI. What’s the best way to go about a job search?", and a Jan 2,2012 blog titled "Ask LH: How Do I Get Out Of An Argument With An Irrational Person?" It was also published in a Jan 4,2012 blog titled "Procurment Homes Need not " Dress" Good?" And it was published in an undated (early Jan 2012) Death Note Wallpaper blog, with the same caption and detailed notes that I had written on this Flickr page. It was also published in an undated (early Jan 2012) blog titled "Adult Separation Anxiety."

Also, the photo was published in an Apr 19, 2012 blog titled "What’s Your Deal-Breaker?" It was also published in an Apr 23, 2012 blog titled "When An Over-Spender Ruins Someone You Love." And it was published in an Apr 27, 2012 blog titled "“Solo lei vuole un figlio”
 quando il desiderio di genitorialitĂ  non Ăš condiviso," as well as an Apr 27, 2012 blog titled "ANGLO-ITALIAN Experience Their First Travel “Discussion” – FOLLOW UP." It was also published in a May 2, 2012 blog titled "Morar junto antes de casar aumenta chances de divĂłrcio, aponta estudo," as well as a May 2, 2012 blog titled ΀Îč Î”ÎŻÎœÎ±Îč ÎșαÎč τÎč ΎΔΜ Î”ÎŻÎœÎ±Îč σταυρός στηΜ ÎżÎčÎșÎżÎłÎ­ÎœÎ”Îčα." It was also published in a May 16, 2012 blog titled "Why You Shouldn’t Have Sex with Your Roommate," as well as a May 25, 2012 blog titled "What is a MA declaration of homestead?" It was also published in a May 9, 2012 blog titled " Annulment vs. Legal Separation: 3 Differences You Should Know About." And it was published in a Jun 10, 2012 blog titled "How To Improve Your Relationships ." It was also published in a Jun 13, 2012 blog titled "15 Relationship Truths for Tough Times." And it was published in a Jun 22, 2012 blog titled "Episode 116 Should Parents Fight in Front of their Kids?," as well as a Jun 23, 2012 Gigazine blog titled "ă‚ąă‚€ăƒ‡ă‚ąăŻă©ă“ă‹ă‚‰ă‚„ăŁăŠæ„ă‚‹ăźă‹ïŒŸăšă„ă†20項盼" (which means, I think, "where do ideas come from?") It was also published in a Jun 22, 2012 blog titled "Reconnecting Depressed Partners Despite Fear and Shame," and a Jun 23, 2012 blog titled "Commitment-Phobic Employers Do Their Best to Mimic Your Ex-Boyfriend."

Moving into 2013, the photo was published in an early Jan 2013 blog titled "Jesteƛ inny niĆŒ kiedyƛ." It was also published in a Jan 16, 2013 blog titled "Can a collection agency garnish your wages? in california?" It was also published in a Jan 28, 2013 blog titled "US-California: E ‘can temporarily change the withholding tax on wages for a period of 2 months?" And it was published in a Feb 14, 2013 blog titled "New Gender Studies minor has major plans for the future." It was also published in a Feb 20, 2013 blog titled "Time to Succumb." And it was published in a Mar 6, 2013 blog titled "Ten Steps to Healthy Fighting in a Relationship," as well as a Mar 8, 2013 blog titled "Para nĂŁo brigar com as mulheres, maioria dos homens prefere mudar de opiniĂŁo, diz pesquisa."

Cool Sell Home images

Published / by webmaster

Take a look at these sell house images:

State Drawing Area in Boston Manor Residence
sell home
< img alt=" offer home" src=" https://www.free-credit-report.net/wp-content/uploads/2017/02/7170341691_6bab067d8f.jpg" width=" 400"/ > Image by< a href=" http://www.flickr.com/photos/37413900@N04/7170341691" > Maxwell Hamilton

All the contents were offered in 1922, and also the furniture is on financing from Guunersbury Park Gallery.

SOLD
sell home
< img alt=" market residence" src=" https://www.free-credit-report.net/wp-content/uploads/2017/02/4687444157_3ecee04710.jpg" width=" 400"/ > Photo by< a href=" http://www.flickr.com/photos/50780433@N05/4687444157" >
Lori Bonnett SORRY, THIS PROPERTY IS FORMALLY MARKETED For various other current Warren & & Hunterdon Region Home Listings, go to < a href=" http://www.loribonnett.com/" rel=" nofollow" > www.loribonnett.com For More Details:
Lori Bonnett Weichert Realtors 9 W Key Clinton
, NJ 08809 908-310-2726 Fax: 908-735-8372 lbonnett@earthlink.net!.?.! SOLD
sell home
< img alt=" market residence" src=" https://www.free-credit-report.net/wp-content/uploads/2017/02/4688077600_c802864fc6.jpg" size=" 400"/ > Picture by< a href=" http://www.flickr.com/photos/50780433@N05/4688077600" > Lori Bonnett SORRY, THIS RESIDENTIAL OR COMMERCIAL PROPERTY IS FORMALLY
MARKETED For other existing Warren & Hunterdon Region
Home Listings, go to< & a href=" http://www.loribonnett.com/" rel=" nofollow" > www.loribonnett.com FOR EVEN MORE INFO: Lori Bonnett Weichert

Realtors 9 W Key Clinton
, NJ 08809 908-310-2726 Fax: 908-735-8372

Cool Debt Management images

Published / by webmaster

Check out these debt management images:

« €YPΩ – ∏OΛI∑ » burning
debt management
Image by quapan
German Banks ‘Can Afford’ a Greek Debt Default @ greek crisis, Bloomberg, November 3, 2011
Hans Reckers, managing director of Germany’s association of public banks, talks about the Greece crisis and German banks’ capital requirements. He speaks from Berlin with Francine Lacqua on Bloomberg Television’s "On the Move."

+++ Ticker zur Euro-Schuldenkrise +++ @ 3rd November 2011
Berlin/Cannes/Athen (dpa) – Unser Ticker zur Euro-Schuldenkrise, zu den Entwicklungen in Griechenland und zum G20-Gipfel.

Greece Offers to Repay Bailout with Giant Horse
BRUSSELS (The Borowitz Report) – In what many are hailing as a breakthrough solution to Greece’s crippling debt crisis, Greece today offered to repay a bailout from the European Union nations by giving them a gigantic horse.
Finance ministers from sixteen EU nations awoke in Brussels this morning to find that a huge wooden horse had been wheeled into the city center overnight.
The horse, measuring several stories in height, drew mixed responses from the finance ministers, many of whom said they would have preferred a cash repayment of the EU’s bailout.
But German Chancellor Angela Merkel said she “welcomed the beautiful wooden horse,” adding, “What harm could it possibly do?”

‘Greek drama missing main player – the people’
The Greek Prime Minister will keep his job, at least for now, after securing a crucial confidence vote from Parliament. It comes after George Papandreou horrified the country’s European partners and wreaked international havoc on the markets by calling a referendum on the EU bailout plan for Greece, a move he later cancelled. RT correspondent Sara Firth is in the Greek capital with the latest.

Euro-Macher ĂŒbernimmt Schuldenstaat @orf.at, 10.November 2011
Eigentlich hĂ€tte der Nachfolger des zurĂŒckgetretenen griechischen Premiers Giorgos Papandreou bereits am Mittwoch prĂ€sentiert werden sollen. Doch bis zum Schluss rangen Konservative und Sozialisten um einen geeigneten Kandidaten. Nun hat sich doch der lange als Favorit gehandelte Ex-VizeprĂ€sident der EZB, Lucas Papademos, durchgesetzt.

Euro in Not
Dr. Hans-Peter Martin am 16.11.2011.
Der Euro wackelt – aktuelle Zahlen, die BezĂŒge herstellen.
Die Kreditratings
StĂ€ndig hört man die Drohungen dieser oder jener Ratingagentur, dass bald ein Euroland herabgestuft wird, und die Politiker zittern. An den Ratings orientieren sich die Finanzinstitute, wenn sie Staaten Kredite verleihen – wer ein niedriges Rating hat zahlt mehr. Hier eine Übersicht der Ratings der EurozonenlĂ€nder vom Oktober 2011. Eine gute ErklĂ€rung, was die einzelnen Ratings bedeuten, gibt es hier.

Biggest Creditors of Greece
COUNTRY CREDITOR DEBTS in €
GR National Bank of Greece 18,8 Billion
GR EFG Eurobank 8,8 Billion
GR Piraeus Bank 8,2 Billion
GR Atebank 7,9 Billion
GR Alpha Bank 5,5 Billion
GR Hellenic Postbank 5,3 Billion

FR BNP Paribas 5,0 Billion
CY Marfin Popular Bank 3,4 Billion
DE Commerzbank 3,0 Billion
FR Société Générale 2,7 Billion
CY Bank of Cyprus 2,4 Billion
DE Deutsche Bank 1,5 Billion
GB Royal Bank of Scotland 1,2 Billion
IT-AT Uni-Credit 800 Million

Wo der griechische Staat Milliarden €-Schulden hat
(.laut "Zeit Online" vom 16. Februar 2015 12:36 Uhr.)
Gesamtsumme: ∑ = 315,5 Milliarden €
…Kredite ĂŒber EFSF: 141,8 Mrd. €
…bilaterale Kredite: 52,9 Mrd. €
…Staatsanleihen (Private): 40,5 Mrd. €
…Staatsanleihen (EZB): 27,0 Mrd. €
…offene Kredite des IWF: 25,0 Mrd.€
…T-Bills (Staatsanleihen mit kurzer Laufzeit): 15,0 Mrd. €
…andere Schulden: 13,3 Mrd. €

Greece has 60 billion euros in unpaid taxes: EU report (17th November 2011)
BRUSSELS (Reuters) – Greece has 60 billion euros ( billion) in unpaid taxes because of tax avoidance and lack of compliance, a report by the European Commission’s task force on Greece said on Thursday.
The figure is equivalent to around 25 percent of Greek gross domestic product. Greece’s total public debt stands at 370 billion euros, or around 160 percent of GDP.
Of the 60 billion euros of unpaid taxes, half is in uncollected taxes that are already subject to court cases, some of which have been running for more than 10 years, the report said. Only about 8 billion euros is quickly recoverable.
"Even though the actual prospects for collection are very low, the very size of these tax arrears casts a doubt over the efficacy of the overall tax administration," the report said.
"A number of areas for rapid progress have been identified including debt collection, large taxpayers, dispute resolution, and tax audit," the report said.
"There are additional areas for development such as management and organization of the tax administration, risk and revenue analysis, taxpayer services," it said.
The Commission’s Task Force on Greece has the task of identifying and coordinating all technical assistance to Greece to help reforms in the country and boost its economic growth.
(Reporting By Jan Strupczewski; editing by Luke Baker)

Griechenlands Rettung hÀngt am seidenen Faden @ reuters, Fr, 10. Februar 2012
Berlin/Athen (Reuters) – Die Rettung Griechenlands vor der Pleite steht nun ĂŒberraschend doch wieder auf der Kippe.

Am Tag nach dem von der Regierung verkĂŒndeten Bekenntnis zu einem von EU und IWF geforderten Sparplan torpedierte die rechte Koalitionspartei Laos am Freitag den Beschluss. Ohne diesen wollen die auslĂ€ndischen Geldgeber die benötigten 130 Milliarden Euro aber nicht auf den Weg bringen. Zugleich attackierte Laos-Chef Giorgos Karatzaferis Bundeskanzlerin Angela Merkel, die "mit dicker Brieftasche SĂŒdeuropĂ€ern ihren Willen aufzwingen" wolle. Die Proteste gegen die harten Sparauflagen eskalierten in Athen. Die Gewerkschaften riefen unter der Losung "Leistet Widerstand!" einen zweitĂ€gigen Generalstreik aus. Auch die Troika aus EU, IWF und EZB geriet ins Fadenkreuz: Polizeigewerkschaften drohten gar mit Haftbefehlen gegen Vertreter der Dreiergruppe.
Die vier Laos-Minister boten den RĂŒcktritt an. Damit bleibt eine zentrale Forderung der Troika nach parteiĂŒbergreifender UnterstĂŒtzung fĂŒr den Sparkurs unerfĂŒllt. Karatzaferis warf Bundeskanzlerin Merkel Herrschsucht vor. Sie habe die Schaltzentrale Europas von BrĂŒssel nach Berlin verlegt und stimme sich dabei eng mit ihren "Satellitenstaaten" Niederlande, Österreich, Finnland und "leider auch Luxemburg" ab.
KEINE AUSZAHLUNG OHNE UMSETZUNG
Der MinisterprĂ€sident des Großherzogtums und Eurogruppenchef, Jean-Claude Juncker, hatte zuvor klargemacht, dass Griechenland vorerst noch kein grĂŒnes Licht fĂŒr die Rettungshilfen erwarten kann. Die zuvor gemachte Zusage aus Athen, dass alle Parteien den Sparkurs mittrĂŒgen, reichte den Ministern nicht aus. Am Sonntag mĂŒsse das griechische Parlament das Sparprogramm beschließen, die Parteichefs mĂŒssten zudem ihre Zusage schriftlich vorlegen, und es fehlten noch konkrete Maßnahmen zur Einsparung von 325 Millionen Euro 2012. "Keine Auszahlung ohne Umsetzung", sagte Juncker.
ErfĂŒllt Griechenland die Forderungen, kommen die Euro-Finanzminister am Mittwoch zusammen, um den Weg fĂŒr das Hilfspaket freizumachen. FĂŒr die Auszahlung ist auch ein Beschluss des Deutschen Bundestages erforderlich, der fĂŒr den 27. Februar angesetzt ist. Allerdings dĂŒrfte Karatzaferis die ErfĂŒllung einer Forderung bereits zunichte gemacht haben: "Ich habe den anderen ParteifĂŒhrern erklĂ€rt, dass ich diesem Kreditabkommen nicht zustimmen kann." Zudem forderte er, den Leiter der IWF-Mission in Griechenland, Poul Thomson, zur "persona non grata" zu erklĂ€ren. Der Euro geriet durch die Äußerungen von Karatzaferis unter Druck und fiel unter die Marke von 1,32 Dollar. Auch der Dax gab nach.
In Athen ging die Polizei mit TrĂ€nengas gegen Demonstranten vor, die mit BrandsĂ€tzen, Flaschen und Steinen warfen. Die Polizeigewerkschaft drohte in einem Brief an die Troika aus EU, EZB und IWF, deren Finanzkontrolleure per Haftbefehl suchen zu lassen – unter anderem wegen GefĂ€hrdung der Demokratie. Die Streikenden legten zum zweiten Mal in dieser Woche Metro und Busse lahm, Schiffe blieben im Hafen. KrankenhausĂ€rzte und Bankangestellte legten die Arbeit nieder. SpĂ€ter sollten sich die Lehrer dem Ausstand anschließen. "Nein zu Entlassungen! Nein zu GehaltskĂŒrzungen! Nein zu RentenkĂŒrzungen!", skandierten Demonstranten auf dem Syntagma-Platz in Athen.
"HUNDERT MAL HIN UND HER ÜBERLEGT"
In Berlin betonte Regierungssprecher Steffen Seibert, eine Pleite Griechenlands liege nicht im deutschen Interesse. Die Athener Regierung mĂŒsse aber die neuen Sparauflagen erfĂŒllen und auch Forderungen aus dem ersten Hilfspaket nachkommen. Bundeskanzlerin Merkel erörterte am Morgen mit den Fraktionschefs den Stand in der Krise. Im Anschluss berieten sie und Finanzminister Wolfgang SchĂ€uble mit der Unionsfraktion.
Nach Angaben aus Fraktionskreisen warnte Merkel, eine Pleite Griechenlands hĂ€tte unabsehbare Folgen. Dann könnte das Haftungsrisiko nicht mehr beherrschbar sein. "Wir haben das hundert mal hin und her ĂŒberlegt", wurde die Kanzlerin zitiert.
SONDERKONTO WEITER IM GESPRÄCH
Die Euro-Finanzminister wollen Griechenland in Zukunft strikter kontrollieren. EU-WĂ€hrungskommissar Olli Rehn sagte, dazu könnte das von Merkel und Frankreichs PrĂ€sident Nicolas Sarkozy vorgeschlagene Sonderkonto eingerichtet werden. Auf dem Konto sollen die Hilfskredite zur Tilgung der Staatsschulden gesammelt werden, damit die Investoren ihr Geld zurĂŒckbekommen. Zur Entschuldung Griechenlands sollen die privaten AnleiheglĂ€ubiger auf Forderungen im Volumen von 100 Milliarden Euro freiwillig verzichten. Rehn zufolge ist eine Vereinbarung fĂŒr einen Anleihetausch in trockenen TĂŒchern. Doch solle alles in einem Gesamtpaket am Mittwoch verabschiedet werden.

Griechische Regierung drÀngt Parlamentarier zum Sparkurs Sa, 11. Februar 2012
Athen (Reuters) – Die griechische Regierung hat die Parlamentsabgeordneten am Samstag massiv unter Druck gesetzt, das am Vortag von ihr verabschiedete Sparprogramm zu billigen.
Der Chef der konservativen Neuen Demokratie drohte den Abgeordneten seiner Partei, sie bei einer Ablehnung von der Kandidatenliste fĂŒr die im FrĂŒhjahr anstehende Parlamentswahl zu streichen. "Das ist ganz klar eine Frage der Parteidisziplin", sagte Antonis Samaras. Der stellvertretende Finanzminister Filippos Sachinidis warnte: "Die Konsequenzen eines ungeordneten Bankrotts wĂ€ren unberechenbar fĂŒr das Land. … Das wĂŒrde uns auf einen unbekannten und gefĂ€hrlichen Weg fĂŒhren."
In einem Zeitungsinterview malte Sachinidis ein dĂŒsteres Bild: "Stellen wir uns doch die Frage, was es fĂŒr das Land bedeutet, wenn es sein Bankensystem verliert, wenn es abgeschnitten wird vom Import von Rohstoffen, Arzneimitteln, Treibstoff, Grundnahrungsmitteln und Technologie."
REGIERUNG FASSTE DRASTISCHE SPARBESCHLÜSSE
Das Kabinett hatte am spĂ€ten Freitagabend den strikten Sparauflagen der EuropĂ€ischen Union (EU) und des Internationalen WĂ€hrungsfonds (IWF) zugestimmt. MinisterprĂ€sident Lukas Papademos drĂ€ngte seine Regierung massiv zur Zustimmung. "Wir können es nicht zulassen, dass Griechenland bankrott geht", sagte er im Kabinett. "Vorrang hat fĂŒr uns, alles zu tun, um das neue Wirtschaftsprogramm anzunehmen und mit der neuen Kreditvereinbarung fortzufahren." Abweichlern hatte Papademos mit einem Ausschluss aus der Regierung gedroht. Nach dem Beschluss zogen sechs Mitglieder des Kabinetts selbst die Konsequenzen und traten zurĂŒck.
Die umstrittenen SparbeschlĂŒsse umfassen unter anderem eine KĂŒrzung der Zusatzrenten, die Kappung der Mindestlöhne um 22 Prozent und die Entlassung von rund 150.000 BeschĂ€ftigten im öffentlichen Dienst.
DAS PARLAMENT MUSS SONNTAG ENTSCHEIDEN
Am Sonntag muss nun das Parlament dem Sparplan zustimmen, der die Voraussetzung fĂŒr dringend benötigte weitere Hilfen von 130 Milliarden Euro ist. Theoretisch verfĂŒgte die von den Konservativen und der sozialistische Pasok unterstĂŒtzte Regierung ĂŒber ausreichend Stimmen. Allerdings drohten einige Pasok-Abgeordnete, das Reformpaket abzulehnen. Die kleine rechtspopulistische Laos-Partei hat der Regierung bereits ihre UnterstĂŒtzung aufgekĂŒndigt. Ihr Chef Giorgos Karatzaferis erklĂ€rte, er könne das Sparpaket nicht billigen.
Druck bekommen die Abgeordneten aber auch von ihren WĂ€hlern. Die Gewerkschaften laufen gegen das Sparpaket Sturm und haben unter dem Motto "Leistet Widerstand!" zu einem Generalstreik aufgerufen, der auch am Samstag andauerte. An der Akropolis ĂŒber Athen enthĂŒllten Demonstranten ein riesiges Transparent mit der Forderung: "Nieder mit der Diktatur der Monopole und der EuropĂ€ischen Union". In Athen waren am Freitagabend die Proteste eskaliert: Die Polizei ging mit TrĂ€nengas gegen Demonstranten vor, die BrandsĂ€tze, Flaschen und Steine warfen.

Fires in central Athens as rioters clash with police ekathimerini.com , Sun Feb 12, 2012
The unrest came as lawmakers prepared to vote on a new debt deal agreed between Greece and its foreign creditors.
Historic cinemas, cafes and shops went up in flames in central Athens on Sunday as black-masked protesters fought Greek police outside parliament, while inside lawmakers looked set to defy the public rage by endorsing a new EU/IMF austerity deal.

"Enough is enough!» said 89-year-old Manolis Glezos, one of Greece’s most famous leftists. «They have no idea what an uprising by the Greek people means. And the Greek people, regardless of ideology, have risen."
Glezos is a national hero for sneaking up the Acropolis at night in 1941 and tearing down a Nazi flag from under the noses of the German occupiers, raising the morale of Athens residents.
"These measures of annihilation will not pass,» Glezos said on Syntagma Square, visibly overcome by teargas and holding a mask over his mouth.

Griechenland wĂ€hlt: Einmal Hades (und zurĂŒck?) @ profil.at
Wieder wÀhlt Hellas, das Chaos bleibt. Ein Untergangsszenario

Die Griechen nehmen einen neuen Anlauf, um sich fĂŒr oder gegen den brutalen Sparkurs der Troika zu entscheiden. Gewinnt die linke Partei Syriza – und damit das Nein –, droht die EU offen mit dem Schlimmsten. Gewinnt die konservative Nea Dimokratia, könnte alles noch ein bisschen schlimmer werden.
Alle Schuld auf ihren Schultern
Eigentlich wĂŒrden die Griechen am kommenden Sonntag gern in Ruhe ein neues Parlament wĂ€hlen, wie das in ihrer Verfassung vorgesehen ist. Doch daraus wird nichts. Die ganze Welt hat beschlossen, mit der Stimmabgabe Schicksalsfragen von globaler Bedeutung zu verknĂŒpfen. Die da wĂ€ren: Soll Griechenland den Euro als WĂ€hrung verlieren und fĂŒr die nĂ€chsten Jahre in Armut versinken? Sollen Spanien, Italien und Portugal gleich hinterhertaumeln? Soll die gesamte Eurozone in eine Rezession schlittern? Soll die Weltwirtschaft insgesamt davon angesteckt werden? Sollen die Chancen einer Wiederwahl von US-PrĂ€sident Barack Obama damit zunichtegemacht werden?
Von Anna Giulia Fink, Georg Hoffmann-Ostenhof, Gunther MĂŒller (Athen) und Robert Treichler
All das und mutmaßlich noch viel mehr soll das 11-Millionen-Völkchen der Griechen am kommenden Sonntag zu verantworten haben. In der Literatur bezeichnet man eine solche offensichtliche Übertreibung mit dem griechischen Begriff „Hyperbel“. Dummerweise weiß niemand so recht, wie weit es sich bei der grotesken Aufladung einer simplen Wahl um ein politisches Stilmittel handelt und wie weit um reale BefĂŒrchtungen. Das ist wohl der beste Beweis dafĂŒr, dass nicht die Griechen allein an dem Desaster in Fortsetzungen Schuld tragen, sondern dass ganz offensichtlich ein Systemfehler vorliegt, der so aussieht: Wem es am dreckigsten geht, dem wird die Verantwortung fĂŒr alle anderen ĂŒbertragen.
Das griechische Wahlvolk muss zu den Urnen, weil die Parlamentswahlen am 6. Mai dieses Jahres keine tragfĂ€hige Mehrheit erbrachten. De facto wird das Land seit Anfang 2010 nicht mehr von Athen aus regiert, es steht unter Kuratel der Troika, zusammengesetzt aus EuropĂ€ischer Union, EuropĂ€ischer Zentralbank und Internationalem WĂ€hrungsfonds. Das relevante Kriterium bei dieser Wahl ist die Haltung der Parteien zu dem Sparprogramm, das die Troika mit der Regierung unter dem Sozialisten Giorgos Papan-dreou und danach mit der des Technokraten Lucas Papademos ausgehandelt hat. Soll das „Memorandum“, wie das mit harten Auflagen verknĂŒpfte Rettungspaket in Griechenland genannt wird, befolgt oder aufgekĂŒndigt werden?
Aus Sicht eines großen Teils der Bevölkerung sind die Sparmaßnahmen drakonisch und wenig zielfĂŒhrend. Die EU hingegen will an den Vereinbarungen festhalten und droht Griechenland im Falle von Widerstand mehr oder weniger offen mit dem Exit aus der Eurozone – verknĂŒpft mit dem Vorwurf, damit mutwillig alle Übel der weltweiten Finanz-, Banken- und Konjunkturkrise eskaliert haben zu lassen.
Kanadas Premier Stephen Harper war der Einzige, der vergangene Woche die AbsurditĂ€t dieser Schuldzuweisung kritisierte: „Wir können nicht eine griechische Wahl zu einer Entscheidung ĂŒber die Zukunft der Weltwirtschaft erklĂ€ren, das ist niemandem gegenĂŒber fair.“
Unrecht tut man damit zum Beispiel einem Mann, der auf einer Parkbank am Athener Omonia-Platz sitzt. Er heißt Christos Simos, ist 35 und kann sehr lange von geplatzten TrĂ€umen erzĂ€hlen. Als Teenager wollte er Volleyballprofi werden, doch um seine Eltern zu beruhigen, studierte er Politikwissenschaft, schloss mit dem Doktorat ab und hatte 2008 bereits mehrere Job-angebote in der Tasche, wĂ€hrend er noch den MilitĂ€rdienst leistete: politischer Analyst in einem Think Tank, Coach bei einer Volleyballmannschaft.
Dann kam die Krise und raffte die guten Aussichten dahin. Christos nimmt einen Schluck aus seiner Dose Lipton-Eistee. Ihn plagen keine existenziellen Nöte, aber er wohnt immer noch bei seinen Eltern. „Ich verhungere nicht, aber die Tatsache, dass ich in meinem Alter nicht auf eigenen Beinen stehen kann, ist extrem entwĂŒrdigend“, sagt er wĂŒtend. Er hat keine Perspektive, und das ist schwer zu ertragen, auch wenn viele seiner Landsleute noch viel schlimmer dran sind. Am Sonntag wird Christos seine Stimme abgeben, und er will sie sich nicht nehmen lassen. „Ich weiß nicht, warum ich bei meiner Wahlentscheidung auf LĂ€nder wie Spanien oder Italien RĂŒcksicht nehmen soll, wie uns jetzt suggeriert wird. Es muss doch in Ordnung sein, zunĂ€chst einmal an uns zu denken“, sagt er.
Das Orakel von BrĂŒssel
Wie stark die europĂ€ische Kultur von der griechischen Antike beeinflusst ist, kann man daran ermessen, dass sich die BrĂŒsseler Elite heute noch gern einer orakelhaften Sprache bedient, wenn sie besonders deutlich werden möchte. KommissionsprĂ€sident JosĂ© Manuel Barroso eröffnete seinen griechischen Wahlkampf mit folgenden Worten: „Es liegt jetzt an dem Volk der Griechen, sich in voller Sachkenntnis zwischen den Alternativen zu entscheiden und dabei zu bedenken, dass dies tatsĂ€chlich eine historische Wahl fĂŒr die Zukunft ihres Landes ist.“ Wollen die Griechen in der Eurozone bleiben, so mĂŒsse „letztlich die Entschlossenheit aus Griechenland selbst kommen“, so Barroso. In der Interpretation fĂŒr Sterbliche bedeutet das: WĂ€hlt Parteien, die fĂŒr die Einhaltung der Bedingungen des Rettungsschirms garantieren, oder ihr könnt ĂŒber den Styx ins Totenreich rudern.

Ähnlich subtil Ă€ußern sich EU-RatsprĂ€sident Herman Van Rompuy und Euro-Gruppenchef Jean-Claude Juncker: „Wir wollen, dass Griechenland in der Eurozone bleibt“, sagt Rompuy. Die griechische Regierung mĂŒsse aber die Verpflichtungen erfĂŒllen, die es im Gegenzug fĂŒr die finanzielle UnterstĂŒtzung durch Europa eingegangen sei. Auch Juncker will Griechenland weiterhin als WĂ€hrungsmitglied behalten, bestĂ€tigte aber gleichzeitig, dass Experten der 17 Eurostaaten das mögliche Ausscheiden durchspielen.

Griechen, die ökonomisch noch irgendetwas zu verlieren haben, dĂŒrften Wirkung zeigen und eine der vertragstreuen Parteien – Nea Dimokratia oder Pasok – wĂ€hlen. So viel zum Prinzip der Nichteinmischung der EU in nationale Wahlen.

„Give Greece a chance“
„Erpressung“ nennt das der Mann, der in all den verklausulierten Warnungen und Drohungen gemeint ist: Alexis Tsipras, dessen linkes ParteienbĂŒndnis Syriza in wenigen Jahren von 4,6 Prozent (2009) auf 16,8 Prozent (Mai 2012) gewachsen ist und in jĂŒngsten Umfragen bei 23,6 Prozent und damit Kopf an Kopf mit der konservativen Nea Dimokratia lag. Der 37 Jahre alte einstige Kommunist ist in den Augen seiner Gegner in der EU ein gefĂ€hrlicher Populist, der das Volk sirenengleich dazu verfĂŒhren will, vom rechten Sparkurs abzukommen.

Sonntag vergangener Woche diskutiert der verteufelte Shootingstar entspannt mit dem marxistischen Philosophen Slavoj Zizek im Innenhof des Benaki, des Museums moderner Kunst in Athen. Tsipras trĂ€gt ein dunkelblaues Seidenhemd, Jeans, elegante Lederschuhe, das Gesicht ist glatt rasiert, der Kurzhaarschnitt sitzt perfekt. Das GesprĂ€ch kreist um die Krise in Hellas und den Erfolg der Linken in diesem Land. Da ist von einer „historischen Wende“ die Rede, vom Sieg der „Hoffnung ĂŒber die Angst“, von einem Kampf gegen „das neoliberale BrĂŒssel, den Imperialismus und Kapitalismus“, von einer Revolution, die hier begonnen habe und schon bald „ganz Europa erfassen wird“.

Zizek – er trĂ€gt ein schwarzes T-Shirt mit der Aufschrift „Occupy Europe“ – ist voll des Lobes fĂŒr den 37-jĂ€hrigen Tsipras. Er sieht in ihm einen Politiker, der das Zeug hat, „dieses Land wieder aufzurichten“ und obendrein einen „Kurswechsel in ganz Europa“ einzuleiten. Am Ende paraphrasiert der slowenische Linksradikale einen John-Lennon-Klassiker: „Give Greece a chance.“

Als sich der Innenhof des Benaki-Museums allmĂ€hlich leert, beschließt eine kleine Gruppe von Syriza-AnhĂ€ngern, in ein nahe gelegenes Lokal weiterzuziehen. Darunter ist ein alter Freund von Tsipras. Er gibt sich als Jannis aus, seinen wahren Namen will er lieber nicht nennen. Jannis kannte Tsipras schon in den 1990er-Jahren, als sie gemeinsam Schulen besetzten, um gegen die Privatisierung des Bildungssystems zu protestieren. Die beiden politisierten Teenager gingen zusammen auf Partys, sprachen ĂŒber das Leben, Frauen und die Zukunft Griechenlands. Nur in einer Hinsicht habe sich Tsipras verĂ€ndert, meint sein Freund Jannis: „Er ist kompromissloser als frĂŒher. Von seinem Programm wĂŒrde er nicht abrĂŒcken wollen. Deshalb bin ich mir gar nicht so sicher, ob er am 17. Juni die Wahlen wirklich gewinnen möchte.“

Der linke Gottseibeiuns lĂ€sst sich mangelnden Siegeswillen zumindest nicht anmerken. Er tourte Ende Mai durch Europa, um fĂŒr sein Programm zu werben: Sein Land solle in der Eurozone bleiben, aber, anstatt sklavisch zu sparen, „um SolidaritĂ€t der Völker in Deutschland und Frankreich“ bitten. In Berlin willigte der SPD-Vorsitzende Sigmar Gabriel zwar ein, Tsipras zu empfangen, anstelle der erhofften SolidaritĂ€t spendierte er jedoch nur den kostengĂŒnstigen Rat, dass „getroffene Vereinbarungen einzuhalten“ seien.
In Paris wiederum zeigte die Sozialistische Partei Tsipras die kalte Schulter, lediglich die Linksradikalen nahmen sich fĂŒr den aufmĂŒpfigen Griechen Zeit.
Im Innenhof des Benaki-Museums wertet man das internationale MauerblĂŒmchen-Dasein als Trumpf fĂŒr den Syriza-Spitzenkandidaten: „Die Tatsache, dass Merkel und die anderen neoliberalen Idioten Tsipras verachten, macht ihn nur noch stĂ€rker“, schwĂ€rmt die 63-jĂ€hrige Annetta Karayanni.

Die gesteinigte Auxesia
AusteritĂ€t war gestern. Frankreichs neuer StaatsprĂ€sident François Hollande versprach im Wahlkampf ein Ende des obsessiven Sparens und ein Ankurbeln des Wachstums mittels staatlicher Initiativen, zu Hause und in der EU. Nicht einmal einen Monat nach Amtsantritt hat der Sozialist bereits Wohltaten im Ausmaß mehrerer Milliarden Euro konkretisiert, darunter die Fortsetzung der französischen Version der „Hacklerregelung“ sowie eine Anhebung des Mindestlohns – und das, obwohl die Budgetaussichten nicht den Zielen des Fiskalpakts entsprechen.

In den Ohren der Griechen klingt das wie die Verheißungen eines lange ersehnten Retters – gleichsam die Ankunft der Auxesia, der Göttin des Wachstums. Endlich ein Politiker, der einsieht, dass blindwĂŒtiges Sparen kaputt macht. Allerdings gibt es auch in der Abkehr von der strikten AusteritĂ€tspolitik eine Ausnahme: Griechenland. Der französische Finanzminister Pierre Moscovici machte klar, dass sich die Frage eines Austritts Griechenlands aus der Eurozone „ohne Zweifel“ stelle, falls eine neue Regierung die Vereinbarungen infrage stellte. Auch Auxesia wurde in der antiken Sage aufgrund einer Verkettung unglĂŒcklicher UmstĂ€nde zu Tode gesteinigt.

In Griechenland bricht alles zusammen, aber niemand stĂ¶ĂŸt sich daran. Die Arbeitslosigkeit stieg im MĂ€rz auf 21,9 Prozent, die Wirtschaft schrumpft das fĂŒnfte Jahr in Folge. Die Tourismusbranche, an der ein FĂŒnftel aller Jobs im Land hĂ€ngt, erwartet einen Einbruch der Einnahmen um bis zu 15 Prozent im Vergleich zum Vorjahr. WorĂŒber vor einem Jahr noch Witze gemacht wurden, tritt jetzt ein: 75 Inseln stehen in Griechenland zum Verkauf.

Das öffentliche Gesundheitswesen ist zusammengebrochen. Die grĂ¶ĂŸte gesetzliche Krankenkasse Griechenlands ist hoffnungslos verschuldet, Medikamente und Behandlungen gibt es nur noch gegen Bargeld.

Was machen Arbeitslose, wenn sie unter Diabetes, Asthma oder anderen chronischen Krankheiten leiden, aber nicht versichert sind? Sie fahren zu Jorgos Vichas, etwa 20 Minuten Autofahrt in sĂŒdlicher Richtung der Hauptstadt. In Elliniko, wo sich bis zum Jahr 2001 der Athener Flughafen befand, steht ein graues unscheinbares GebĂ€ude mit der Aufschrift „Sozialmedizinisches Zentrum Elliniko“. Drinnen sind zwei Damen am Empfang, in der Vorratskammer fĂŒr Medikamente steht der hauptberufliche Kardiologe Vichas. „Wir brauchen wieder Insulin“, ruft er nach draußen.
Im JĂ€nner dieses Jahres hat Vichas diese medizinische Zentrale gegrĂŒndet, um BĂŒrgern zu helfen, die aus dem Gesundheitssystem gefallen sind. „Die Zahl der Arbeitslosen und derer, die sich keine Privatversicherung mehr leisten können, ist rapide angestiegen, ich konnte einfach nicht mehr zusehen“, sagt Vichas. Gemeinsam mit etwa 30 anderen Ärzten bietet er medizinische UnterstĂŒtzung fĂŒr Obdachlose an, das GebĂ€ude habe die Stadt zur VerfĂŒgung gestellt. Woher er die Medikamente hat? „Apotheker, große Unternehmen, reiche Griechen kaufen sie und spenden sie.“ Besonders die PrĂ€parate fĂŒr Diabetiker und Krebspatienten seien enorm teuer und fĂŒr viele kaum leistbar.
Es kĂ€men lĂ€ngst nicht mehr nur Immigranten und Obdachlose in das sozialmedizinische Zentrum, sondern auch Leute aus Mittelstandsfamilien, die ihre Jobs und ihre Wohnungen verloren haben. „Immer öfter haben wir es mit völlig unterernĂ€hrten Kindern zu tun, es herrschen zum Teil afrikanische ZustĂ€nde hier.“
Am Donnerstag, den 24. Mai, sprangen in Athen Antonis Perris, ein 60 Jahre alter, beschÀftigungsloser Musiker, und seine 90 Jahre alte Mutter, die an Alzheimer litt, vom Dach ihres Wohnblocks in den Tod. Am Tag zuvor hatte Perris in einem Blog geschrieben, dass seine Mutter beginne, unter AnfÀllen von Schizophrenie zu leiden und dass kein Pflegeheim sie aufnehmen wolle. Die beiden lebten von 340 Euro im Monat, der Pension der alten Frau.
Atlas und der Undank
Plötzlich ĂŒberschattet eine andere, vielleicht noch schwerer wiegende Pleite das griechische Fiasko: Spanien. Vergangenen Donnerstag senkte die Ratingagentur Fitch die KreditwĂŒrdigkeit des sĂŒdeuropĂ€ischen Landes von A auf BBB. Ursache ist der marode Bankensektor, der neben der hohen Arbeitslosigkeit Spaniens BonitĂ€t bedroht. Ende der vergangenen Woche hieß es, die Regierung von Premier Mariano Rajoy könnte bereits am Wochenende einen Hilfeantrag an den europĂ€ischen Rettungsschirm stellen.
Doch neben vielen anderen Unterschieden zur griechischen Situation ist vor allem einer bedeutend: Spanien gilt als „too big to fail“. Deshalb wurden bereits Überlegungen laut, Spanien ohne Reformauflagen Hilfsmittel zukommen zu lassen. Hingegen sei ein „Grexit“ fĂŒr die Eurozone „schmerzlich, aber letztlich verkraftbar“, so Deutschlands Finanzminister Wolfgang SchĂ€uble.
Spanien wird man eher entgegenkommen, Griechenland dagegen nicht. Das ist der Dank dafĂŒr, dass der griechische Titan Atlas am westlichsten Punkt der damaligen Welt – vis-Ă -vis von Spaniens KĂŒste – das Himmelsgewölbe stemmte.
Die Götter sind uneins
Eine große schnelle Lösung mĂŒsste her, ein Sprung vorwĂ€rts in der europĂ€ischen Integration. Die beiden Hauptakteure, Berlin und Paris, wissen, dass angesichts der Dramatik diesmal geklotzt und nicht gekleckert werden muss. Doch an diesem Punkt endet die gemeinsame Vorstellung darĂŒber, wie der große Wurf aussehen soll.
Frankreichs neuer PrĂ€sident setzt auf Wachstum und gemeinsame Staatsanleihen, die es den notleidenden EU-LĂ€ndern erlauben könnten, der Schuldenfalle zu entkommen. Die französische Forcierung einer gemeinsamen EU-Finanzpolitik leidet freilich unter dem Widerspruch, dass Paris nicht bereit ist, SouverĂ€nitĂ€t an Europa abzugeben. Die Forderung nach einer verstĂ€rkten politischen Integration Europas hĂ€lt Hubert VĂ©drine, ehemaliger Außenminister Frankreichs und Parteifreund des neuen sozialistischen StaatsprĂ€sidenten François Hollande, im GesprĂ€ch mit profil fĂŒr einen Ausfluss „bundesstaatlicher Utopie, die von den Völkern abgelehnt wird“. An der Seine will man intergouvernementales Handeln und nicht gemeinsame europĂ€ische Institutionen.
Mit der französischen Forderung, man möge von der Sparpolitik zu einem Wachstumskurs ĂŒbergehen, könnte sich die deutsche Bundeskanzlerin Angela Merkel vielleicht noch anfreunden. Aber fĂŒr sie ist klar: Eurobonds zur Finanzierung der Staatsschulden dĂŒrfen ohne stĂ€rkere politische Einigung und Demokratisierung Europas nicht kommen. Warum sollten die Deutschen fĂŒr Schulden anderer Staaten haften, wenn sie nicht ĂŒber deren Haushalte und deren Wirtschaftspolitik im Rahmen europĂ€ischer Gremien mitbestimmen können?
Und US-PrĂ€sident Barack Obama, der im Fall eines Absturzes der Weltwirtschaft um seine Wiederwahl bangen muss, drĂ€ngt die EuropĂ€er dazu, endlich gemeinsam und gezielt den Krisengefahren zu begegnen. Aber auch in seinem Fall bleibt die Liebe zur großen Lösung eine platonische: „Wer glaubt, dass Obama einen Marshallplan fĂŒr Europa auf den Weg bringt, tĂ€uscht sich. Diese Zeiten sind vorbei“, sagt der Risikoexperte Ian Bremmer im profil-Interview (siehe Seite 75).
FĂŒr Griechenland wird ohnehin jeder große Wurf – falls es ĂŒberhaupt einen geben wird – zu spĂ€t kommen.
Am Ende die Peripetie
Bleibt als einziger von Europa genehmigter Ausweg die Wahl der Nea Dimokratia an die Regierung. Aber wo ist die Partei eigentlich? Zehn Tage vor den Parlamentswahlen sucht man in Athen vergeblich nach Veranstaltungen mit ihrem Spitzenkandidaten Antonis Samaras. Der Eventkalender auf der Website www.nd.gr ist leer. „Wir planen noch unsere nĂ€chsten Schritte und geben Bescheid“, antwortet Chrisostomos Pikazik, ein Pressesprecher von Parteichef Samaras, am Montag, am Dienstag und auch am Mittwoch vergangener Woche auf Anfrage von profil. Gibt es vielleicht kleinere Wahlkampfveranstaltungen ohne den Parteichef Samaras? „Im Moment nichts, nein.“
Nikos Lisidakis, mit seinen 27 Jahren eine der Zukunftshoffnungen der Nea Dimokratia, sitzt in einem Kaffeehaus vor der Zentrale der Parteijugend und blickt unentwegt auf sein Handy. Gerade eben erst hat er mit Parteichef Antonis Samaras telefoniert und ein paar Wahlstrategien besprochen. Er weiß, warum Diskretion anstatt Rummel angesagt ist. Es ist nicht leicht fĂŒr einen Politiker einer der beiden Traditionsparteien Nea Dimokratia und Pasok, in der Öffentlichkeit aufzutreten. Viele Leute da draußen hassen uns abgrundtief.“
So könnte der Bestfall in Griechenlands unmittelbarer Zukunft aussehen: eine verhasste Regierung, gestĂŒtzt von der verabscheuten Troika und den verachteten Deutschen – der dreiköpfige Kerberos, der Höllenhund der Antike.
Am 17. Juni, dem Wahltag, fĂŒhren alle Wege in den Hades – und nur einer wieder heraus: Wenige Tage spĂ€ter könnte Griechenland bei der Fußball-Europameisterschaft im Viertelfinale spielen. Möglicher Gegner: Deutschland.

"Merkel ist die grĂ¶ĂŸte Bedrohung fĂŒr die Welt" Von GĂŒnther Lachmann und Katharina SchĂ€der | WELT ONLINE – Do., 21. Jun 2012
Das britische Magazin "NewStatesman" zeigt die Kanzlerin als Terminator und beschreibt sie als gefÀhrlichsten Staatslenker Europas. Tenor: Die Kanzlerin schaut tatenlos zu, wie Athen brennt.
In den vergangenen Jahren ist Bundeskanzlerin Angela Merkel von auslÀndischen Medien immer wieder verunglimpft worden. Zuletzt zeigten sie griechische Medien in Nazi-Uniform.
Auch in Polen gab es vor Jahren unschöne Bildmontagen. Nun bildet das Labour-nahe britische Magazin "NewStatesman" sie auf dem Titel des aktuellen Heftes als Terminator ab. "Angela Merkels AusteritÀts-Manie zerstört Europa" schreibt das Blatt.
Der Chef der Politikredaktion, Mehdi Hasan, hat offenbar kein Problem mit eher unpassenden Vergleichen. In der aktuellen Titelgeschichte etwa vergleicht er die Diktatoren Mahmud Ahmadinedschad und Kim Kong-un nicht nur mit Angela Merkel, sondern allen Ernstes auch mit Israels demokratisch gewÀhltem Staatschef Benjamin Netanjahu.
So fragt Hasan gleich zu Beginn: "Welcher politische FĂŒhrer weltweit ist derzeit die grĂ¶ĂŸte Bedrohung fĂŒr die globale Ordnung und den Wohlstand?" Der iranische PrĂ€sident Mahmud Ahmadinedschad? Falsch. Israels MinisterprĂ€sident Benjamin Netanjahu? Nee. Nordkoreas Kim Jong-un? Wieder falsch", so Hasan, um dann selbst zu antworten: "Die Antwort ist eine sanftmĂŒtige Opernliebhaberin und frĂŒhere Chemikerin, die seit sieben Jahren im Amt ist."
Es sei die deutsche Bundeskanzlerin Angela Merkel, deren Lösung der europĂ€ischen Finanzkrise, "oder das Fehlen derselben hat den Kontinent und möglicherweise die ganze Welt an den Rand einer zweiten großen Depression gebracht".
Man könne wohl sagen, dass Merkel inzwischen die gefĂ€hrlichste deutsche Regierungschefin seit Adolf Hitler ist, setzt der Autor seiner Anschuldigung die Krone auf. Dabei ist sich Hasan des Klischees, dass er mit dem abstrusen Vergleich bemĂŒht, durchaus bewusst.
Hasan selbst erinnert sich bei seinem eigenen bizarren Vergleich an den US-Juristen und Buchautoren Mike Godwin. Dieser beschreibt eine GesetzmĂ€ĂŸigkeit, der zufolge in Internet-Debatten die Wahrscheinlichkeit von Nazi-Vergleichen mit der Dauer der Diskussion gegen eins steigt.
Die sarkastische Dimension von "Godwin’s Law" ist implizit und natĂŒrlich auch Hasan nicht entgangen. Dennoch fĂŒhrt er munter aus: Wie unter Hitler sei Deutschland wieder international isoliert, verabscheut und gefĂŒrchtet zugleich.
Die Briten zitieren in diesem Zusammenhang auch den Herausgeber des deutschen Meinungsmediums "Freitag", Jakob Augstein, mit den Worten, Merkels Politik gefÀhrde alles, was die bisherigen Regierungen seit dem Zweiten Weltkrieg erreicht hÀtten.
Merkel schaue tatenlos zu wie Athen brenne, aber auch Madrid und Rom. Es sei geradezu eine Ironie der Geschichte, dass die Regierungschefin eines Landes, das nur ungern an seine Nazi-Vergangenheit erinnert werde, nun gelassen zusehe, wie die drakonische Sparpolitik neuen (sic!) "Neo-Nazi-Parteien" wie der Front National in Frankreich oder der "Goldenen Morgenröte" in Griechenland Zulauf verschaffe.

Merkels "AusteritĂ€t-ĂŒber-alles-Politik" zerstöre das europĂ€ische Projekt, verarme die Nachbarn der Deutschen und riskiere eine neue globale Depression. "Sie muss gestoppt werden", schließt der Artikel.
Der "NewStatesman", eine traditonsreiche und mehrfach ausgezeichnete linke Wochenzeitung, gilt als respektable Publikation mit nahmhaften Kolumnisten.

With the Euro in Flames, Our Civil Servants are Still Taking Their Orders from Brussels Adam Collyer, 17th May 2012

Euro-Retter rudern zurĂŒck: TĂŒr fĂŒr Griechenland wieder offen Deutsche Wirtschafts Nachrichten, 28.06.2015, 00:46 Uhr

Die Finanzminister der Eurozone haben offenbar Angst vor der eigenen Courage bekommen. Hatten sie am Nachmittag noch erklĂ€rt, dass die TĂŒr fĂŒr Griechenland geschlossen sei, so erklĂ€rten sie am Abend feierlich: Die TĂŒr fĂŒr Griechenland ist weit offen.
Die 18 Euro-Finanzminister wollen Griechenland nach Angaben des französischen Finanzministers Michel Sapin im Euro halten. „Die 18 LĂ€nder haben alle klar gesagt, dass Griechenland im Euro ist und bleiben soll, egal wie groß die Schwierigkeiten jetzt sind„, sagte der französische Sozialist am Samstagabend nach der Sondersitzung der 18 Euro-Partner ohne ihren griechischen Kollegen.

Greek debt crisis: Is Grexit inevitable? BBC News, 29th June 2015

Greek banks have been closed and strict limits placed on cash withdrawals as Greece’s government is set to default on a debt repayment to the IMF on 30 June of €1.5bn (.7bn; ÂŁ1.06bn).

Euro-Krise: IWF-Analyse zeigt Desaster von historischem Ausmaß 02.07.2015
Insgesamt sind bisher 240 Milliarden Euro an Krediten aus den verschiedenen Rettungsfonds nach Griechenland geflossen, um das Finanzsystem in der Eurozone zu stabilisieren. Nicht eingerechnet sind die Notkredite der EZB, die sich vermutlich auch noch einmal auf 120 Milliarden Euro belaufen werden. Doch das alles hat nicht gereicht, um die griechische Wirtschaft auf einen Weg des Wachstums zurĂŒckzufĂŒhren.

SchĂ€uble schlĂ€gt Dollar ($) statt Euro (€) fĂŒr Griechenland vor 10.07.2015
"Ich habe meinem Freund Jack Lew angeboten, dass wir Puerto Rico in die Eurozone aufnehmen könnten, falls die Vereinigten Staaten willens wÀren, Griechenland in die Dollar-Union aufzunehmen", sagte SchÀuble am Donnerstag bei einer Veranstaltung der Bundesbank.
…. Das USA-AußenTerritorium Puerto Rico trĂ€gt eine Schuldenlast von 73 Milliarden Dollar – das ist etwa ein FĂŒnftel von Griechenlands 360 Milliarden Euro.

13. Januar 2016: Ude trifft Varoufakis: "Under Construction: Europe" {?}
…politische Bewegung, die Varoufakis am 9. Februar in Berlin vorstellen will. PaneuropĂ€isch …

The Empire of Debt by Dee Hon
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From Adbusters #74, Nov-Dec 2007

The Empire of Debt

Money for nothing. Own a home for no money down. Do not pay for your appliances until 2012. This is the new American Dream, and for the last few years, millions have been giddily living it. Dead is the old version, the one historian James Truslow Adams introduced to the world as “that dream of a land in which life should be better and richer and fuller for everyone, with opportunity for each according to ability or achievement.”

Such Puritan ideals – to work hard, to save for a better life – didn’t die from the natural causes of age and obsolescence. We killed them, willfully and purposefully, to create a new gilded age. As a society, we told ourselves we could all get rich, put our feet up on the decks of our new vacation homes, and let our money work for us. Earning is for the unenlightened. Equity is the new golden calf. Sadly, this is a hollow dream. Yes, luxury homes have been hitting new gargantuan heights. Ferrari sales have never been better. But much of the ever-expanding wealth is an illusory façade masking a teetering tower of debt – the greatest the world has seen. It will collapse, in a disaster of our own making.

Distress is already rumbling through Wall Street. Subprime mortgages leapt into the public consciousness this summer, becoming the catchphrase for the season. Hedge fund masterminds who command salaries in the tens of millions for their supposed financial prescience, but have little oversight or governance, bet their investors’ multi-multi-billions on the ability that subprime borrowers – who by very definition have lower incomes and/or rotten credit histories – would miraculously find means to pay back loans far exceeding what they earn. They didn’t, and surging loan defaults are sending shockwaves through the markets. Yet despite the turmoil this collapse is wreaking, it’s just the first ripple to hit the shore. America’s debt crisis runs deep.

How did it come to this? How did America, collectively and as individuals, become a nation addicted to debt, pushed to and over the edge of bankruptcy? The savings rate hangs below zero. Personal bankruptcies are reaching record heights. America’s total debt averages more than 0,000 for every man, woman, and child. On a broader scale, China holds nearly trillion in US debt. Japan and other countries are also owed big.

The story begins with labor. The decades following World War II were boom years. Economic growth was strong and powerful industrial unions made the middle-class dream attainable for working-class citizens. Workers bought homes and cars in such volume they gave rise to the modern suburb. But prosperity for wage earners reached its zenith in the early 1970s. By then, corporate America had begun shredding the implicit social contract it had with its workers for fear of increased foreign competition. Companies cut costs by finding cheap labor overseas, creating a drag on wages.

In 1972, wages reached their peak. According to the US department of Labor Statistics, workers earned 1 a week, in inflation-adjusted 1982 dollars. Since then, it’s been a downward slide. Today, real wages are nearly one-fifth lower – this, despite real GDP per capita doubling over the same period.

Even as wages fell, consumerism was encouraged to continue soaring to unprecedented heights. Buying stuff became a patriotic duty that distinguished citizens from their communist Cold War enemies. In the eighties, consumers’ growing fearlessness towards debt and their hunger for goods were met with Ronald Reagan’s deregulation the lending industry. Credit not only became more easily attainable, it became heavily marketed. Credit card debt, at 0 billion, is now triple what it was in 1988, after adjusting for inflation. Barbecues and TV screens are now the size of small cars. So much the better to fill the average new home, which in 2005 was more than 50 percent larger than the average home in 1973.

This is all great news for the corporate sector, which both earns money from loans to consumers, and profits from their spending. Better still, lower wages means lower costs and higher profits. These factors helped the stock market begin a record boom in the early ‘80s that has continued almost unabated until today.

These conditions created vast riches for one class of individuals in particular: those who control what is known as economic rent, which can be the income “earned” from the ownership of an asset. Some forms of economic rent include dividends from stocks, or capital gains from the sale of stocks or property. The alchemy of this rent is that it requires no effort to produce money.

Governments, for their part, encourage the investors, or rentier class. Economic rent, in the form of capital gains, is taxed at a lower rate than earned income in almost every industrialized country. In the US in particular, capital gains are being taxed at ever-decreasing rates. A person whose job pays 0,000 can owe 35 percent of that in taxes compared to the 15 percent tax rate for someone whose stock portfolio brings home the same amount.

Given a choice between working for diminishing returns and joining the leisurely riches of the rentier, people pursue the latter. If the rentier class is fabulously rich, why can’t everyone become a member? People of all professions sought to have their money work for them, pouring money into investments. This spurred the explosion of the finance industry, people who manage money for others. The now- trillion mutual fund industry is 700 times the size it was in the 1970s. Hedge funds, the money managers for the super-rich, numbered 500 companies in 1990, managing billion in assets. Now there are more than 6,000 hedge firms handling more than trillion dollars in assets.

In recent years, the further enticement of low interest rates has spawned a boom for two kinds of rentiers at the crux of the current debt crisis: home buyers and private equity firms. But it should also be noted that low interest rates are themselves the product of outsourced labor.

America gets goods from China. China gets dollars from the US. In order to keep the value of their currency low so that exports stay cheap, China doesn’t spend those dollars in China, but buys us assets like bonds. China now holds some 0 billion in such US IOUs. This massive borrowing of money from China (and to a lesser extent, from Japan) sent us interest rates to record lows.

Now the hamster wheel really gets spinning. Cheap borrowing costs encouraged millions of Americans to borrow more, buying homes and sending housing prices to record highs. Soaring house prices encouraged banks to loan freely, which sent even more buyers into the market – many who believed the hype that the real estate investment offered a never-ending escalator to riches and borrowed heavily to finance their dreams of getting ahead. People began borrowing against the skyrocketing value of their homes, to buy furniture, appliances, and TVs. These home equity loans added 0 billion to the US economy in 2004 alone.

It was all so utopian. The boom would feed on itself. Nobody would ever have to work again or produce anything of value. All that needed to be done was to keep buying and selling each other’s houses with money borrowed from the Chinese.

On Wall Street, private equity firms played a similar game: buying companies with borrowed billions, sacking employees to cut costs, and then selling the companies to someone else who did the same. These leveraged buyouts inflated share values, minting billionaires all around. The virtues that produce profit – innovation, entrepreneurialism and good management – stopped mattering so long as there were bountiful capital gains.

But the party is coming to a halt. An endless housing boom requires an endless supply of ever-greater suckers to pay more for the same homes. The rich, as Voltaire said, require an abundant supply of poor. Mortgage lenders have mined even deeper into the ranks of the poor to find takers for their loans. Among the practices included teaser loans that promised low interest rates that jumped up after the first few years. Sub-prime borrowers were told the future pain would never come, as they could keep re-financing against the ever-growing value of their homes. Lenders repackaged the shaky loans as bonds to sell to cash-hungry investors like hedge funds.

Of course, the supply of suckers inevitably ran out. Housing prices leveled off, beginning what promises to be a long, downward slide. Just as the housing boom fed upon itself, so too, will its collapse. The first wave of sub-prime borrowers have defaulted. A flood of foreclosures sent housing prices falling further. Lenders somehow got blindsided by news that poor people with bad credit couldn’t pay them back. Frightened, they staunched the flow of easy credit, further depleting the supply of homebuyers and squeezing debt-fueled private equity. Hedge funds that merrily bought sub-prime loans collapsed.

More borrowers will soon be unable to make payments on their homes and credit cards as the supply of rent dries up. Consumer spending, and thus corporate profits, will fall. The shrinking economy will further depress workers’ wages. For most people, the dream of easy money will never come true, because only the truly rich can live it. Everyone else will have to keep working for less, shackled to a mountain of debt.

_Dee Hon is a Vancouver-based writer has contributed to The Tyee and Vancouver magazine.

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Debt Management
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IMG_9074A Philips Wouwermans 1619-1668. Haarlem. Bord de mer et pĂȘcheurs offrant leurs poissons Ă  un cavalier. A View on a Seashore with Fishwives supplying Fish to a Horseman. vers 1655. Londres. National Gallery.
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Philips Wouwermans 1619-1668. Haarlem. Bord de mer et pĂȘcheurs offrant leurs poissons Ă  un cavalier. A View on a Seashore with Fishwives supplying Fish to a Horseman. vers 1655. Londres. National Gallery.

RENAISSANCE ET REFORME

Los angeles peinture est toujours le reflet des idéologies qui gouvernent une société.
Los angeles "Renaissance" n’a jamais Ă©tĂ© une renaissance strategy, Ă©conomique ou politique de l’Europe. Cette renaissance s’est dĂ©roulĂ©e au 11Ăš siĂšcle, pas au 15Ăš ou 16Ăš. Il n’y a pas eu non plus de renaissance de l’art europĂ©en au 15Ăš ou au 16Ăš siĂšcle. Vehicle l’architecture de Brunelleschi ou d’Alberti n’est pas supĂ©rieure, techniquement, Ă  l’architecture gothique. Et la peinture de Raphael n’est pas plus belle que celle de Giotto ou de Van Eyck. Elle est seulement plus rĂ©aliste. Et cette Ă©volution vers plus de rĂ©alisme est modern, et commence dĂšs le dĂ©but du 14Ăš siĂšcle.
Par contre Ă  los angeles fin du 15Ăš siĂšcle et au 16Ăš siĂšcle, en Italie, il s’est produit un changement idĂ©ologique crucial : le recul du catholicisme en tant qu’idĂ©ologie special, absolument dominante en Europe. Et l’apparition, au sein de l’Ă©lite europĂ©enne, pas dans le peuple, d’une nouvelle idĂ©ologie concurrente : l’Humanisme. L’humanisme est un courant culturel europĂ©en, renouant avec la civilisation grĂ©co-romaine, trouvant ses origines en Italie, principalement autour de la Toscane, qui s’est dĂ©veloppĂ© aux 15Ăš et 16Ăš siĂšcles.
Aux 15Ăš et 16Ăš siĂšcles l’art europĂ©en ne met pas en place soudainement de nouvelles strategies, plus perfectionnĂ©es, plus Ă©laborĂ©es, plus savantes que celles prĂ©cĂ©dentes (gothiques).
Par contre, c’est dans l’espace de quelques dizaines d’annĂ©es, autour de 1450-1500 que l’Art europĂ©en s’inspire de nouveaux thĂšmes, empruntĂ©s Ă  la mythologie, Ă  la philosophie, Ă  la morale et Ă  l’histoire grĂ©co-romaine. Nouveaux thĂšmes qui ne remplacent pas les anciens empruntĂ©s au christianisme, mais s’ajoutent Ă  eux.
L’Art europĂ©en dĂ©veloppe alors une culture et une esthĂ©tique inspirĂ©es de l’AntiquitĂ© qui entre en concurrence avec la faith catholique.

Une Ă©volution semblable se dĂ©roule en Europe, Ă  la fin du 16Ăš siĂšcle et au dĂ©but du 17Ăš siĂšcle : la RĂ©forme. La RĂ©forme n’est d’ailleurs qu’une suite idĂ©ologique de la Renaissance, qui affecte un plus grand nombre de personnes en Europe. Les Ă©lites concernĂ©es ne sont plus seulement quelques princes, mais aussi des cercles grands bourgeois.
La RĂ©forme comme la Renaissance est essentiellement un mouvement idĂ©ologique. Ce changement idĂ©ologique est inspirĂ© par une toute petite Ă©lite, qui a ensuite imposĂ© aux peuples qu’elle gouvernaient, ses croyances. C’est le principe bien connu : "Tel prince, telle religion". Que le prince soit, parfois, un groupe de bourgeois, comme Ă  GenĂšve ou aux Pays Bas, ne change rien Ă  l’affaire.
En art le changement est considĂ©rable. Il se manifeste tout particuliĂšrement aux Pays Bas du Nord: la quasi disparition des thĂšmes religieux en peinture. C’est la naissance de toute peinture matĂ©rialiste, do not les thĂšmes, presque uniques, sont : le paysage, les moeurs, la nature morte, le portrait.
Des peintres comme Aertsen et Beuckelaer vivent à une époque de transition : leurs tableaux contiennent encore des allusions à la religion, mais reléguées au fond du tableau.
Et bientĂŽt, hormis quelques exceptions comme Rembrandt, la peinture du siĂšcle d’Or nĂ©erlandais sera totalement profane. Les Vierges disparaissent et les Usuriers apparaissent.

RENAISSANCE AND REFORM

Artwork is definitely an expression of ideologies that govern a community.
The "Renaissance" has not already been a renaissance technical, economic, or political of Europe. This revival were held inside 11th century, maybe not in the fifteenth or 16th. There is no revival of European art within the fifteenth or 16th century. Because the structure of Brunelleschi and Alberti is not superior, officially, weighed against Gothic design. And painting of Raphael is certainly not more breathtaking compared to the painting of Giotto, or "primitive" Jan van Eyck. It is just more practical. Which advancement towards even more realism is gradual, and begins right from the start of the 14th century.
By cons, inside belated 15th century plus the sixteenth century, in Italy, a significant ideological move has occured: the drop of Catholicism given that only ideology, absolutely prominent in Europe. And the appearance in Europe’s elite, maybe not on the list of men and women, of a brand new rival ideology: Humanism. Humanism is a European cultural action, reconnecting with the Greco-Roman civilization, finding its beginnings in Italy, mainly around Tuscany, which created in fifteenth and 16th centuries.
Into the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, European art will not suddenly in position brand new practices. More advanced, more sophisticated, more knowledgeable than previous (Gothic).
By cons, its inside space of some decades, around 1450-1500, the European Art attracts new motifs, lent from mythology, philosophy, morality therefore the Greco-Roman record. New themes which do not change the olds, borrowed from Christianity, and also in their mind.
The European Art then develops a tradition and a visual influenced by antiquity, which competes using Catholic religion.

A similar development is happening in Europe in the late 16th century and early 17th century: the Reformation. The Reform can also be an ideological package of this Renaissance, which affects more folks in Europe. The concerned elites, aren’t only princes, additionally groups of upper middle-class.
Reform, while the Renaissance, is basically an ideological action. This ideological shift is encouraged by a tiny elite, whom then imposed his values on peoples. Here is the well-known concept: "That prince, such a religion." The prince may also be a bourgeois celebration, as with Geneva and/or Netherlands.
In art the change is considerable. He could be specifically obvious into the Netherlands North: the digital disappearance of spiritual motifs in artwork. This is actually the beginning of a materialistic painting, whose themes, very nearly special, tend to be: The landscape, the manners (mores), the still-life, portrait.
Painters like Aertsen and Beuckelaer live-in an occasion of change: their tables however have recommendations to faith, but relegated into base associated with the table.
And very quickly, with exclusions like Rembrandt, the artwork of Dutch Golden Century may be completely secular. The Virgin disappeared, and Loan sharks (usurers) appear (Reymerswaele)

Image from web page 645 of “professional reputation for the usa, from the very first settlements to the present time: becoming an entire study of US companies, adopting farming and horticulture; like the cultivation of cotton, tobacco, grain
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Identifier: industrialhistor00boll
Title: Industrial reputation for the United States, from earliest settlements to the current time: being an entire survey of American industries, adopting agriculture and horticulture; like the cultivation of cotton fiber, tobacco, wheat; the raising of ponies, neat-cattle, etc.; most of the important manufactures, delivery and fisheries, railroads, mines and mining, and oil; additionally a brief history regarding the coal-miners together with Molly Maguires; financial institutions, insurance, and business; trade-unions, hits, and eight-hour movement; along with a description of Canadian companies
Year: 1878 (1870s)
Authors: Bolles, Albert Sidney, 1846-1939
Topics: Industries Industries
Publisher: Norwich, Conn. : The Henry Bill pub. Organization
Adding Library: Harold B. Lee Library
Digitizing Sponsor: Brigham Younger University

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Text Appearing Before Image:
y. The situation of thelocomotive was resolved in 1834 by 44 The Lancasterof Mr. Baldwins make, and Pennsylvania resolved to adopt that type of motive-power on her railway to Columbia. But eventhen there were many things about an engine maybe not comprehended; and constantexperiment and spending of income must be resorted to prior to the requi-site understanding ended up being acquired. To facilitate the building of railroads, the shows to start with extended 630 INDUSTRIAL HISTORY into businesses building them direct help either from the public treasury, orGranting of by financing associated with the public credit. There clearly was a generous glow ofpublic aid. fascination with all of them within the public mind. The patriots never gatheredfor a Fourth-of-July party or a public supper without consuming a heartytoast to interior improvements. The documents were full of rhapsodies upon themarch for the brand-new concept; and orators in public areas assemblages, and in the capitolsof their state and country, believed which they had well-earned the public gratitude

Text Appearing After Image:
INTERIOR OF SLEEPING-CAR. by the ardor of their advocacy of railroads, canals, and military roads.Such being their state of this general public brain, every railway enterprise wisely con-ceived and prudently carried out found it simple to get State help to suchreasonable amount because would allow its promoters to complete their particular work.Maryland ended up being initial condition in the nation to grant legislative help to railroads.In 1828 the sum of the 0,000 was given to your Baltimore and Ohio range;and in 1835 the State subscribed ,000,000 into the stock of this business,and the town of Baltimore ,000,000 much more. Massachusetts loaned ,000,000 ASSOCIATED WITH THE US. 631 on Boston and Albany line. Nyc followed this lady instance by loaningsmall sums to the different companies building the string of roadways off to LakeErie, — a step that the panic of 1837 made essential simply, as it dis-couraged the financial investment of exclusive money. Pennsylvania moved as far as tobuild the woman first rail-route from Philadelphia to Colu

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832 at Exeter St Davids_MSS0464_120671
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‘Warship’ Class diesel-hydraulic No. 832 ‘Onslaught’ runs into Exeter St Davids 0n 12th June 1971 at the mind of 1V34, the 07.45 Kensington Olympia – St Austell automobile provider solution. New to Laira (83D) from Swindon Works in February 1961, it survived in service until withdrawal in December 1972. The loco happens to be maintained because of the Bury Hydraulic Group based in the East Lancashire Railway. It is presently on loan toward western Somerset Railway.